1867 edition of Punch
, a ground-breaking British
magazine of popular humour, including a great deal of satire of the contemporary, social, and political scene.
is a genre
, and sometimes graphic
and performing arts
, in which vices, follies, abuses, and shortcomings are held up to ridicule, ideally with the intent of shaming individuals, corporations, government, or society itself into improvement. Although satire is usually meant to be humorous, its greater purpose is often constructive social criticism
, using wit
to draw attention to both particular and wider issues in society.
A feature of satire is strong irony
—"in satire, irony is militant"—but parody
, juxtaposition, comparison, analogy, and double entendre
are all frequently used in satirical speech and writing. This "militant" irony or sarcasm often professes to approve of (or at least accept as natural) the very things the satirist wishes to attack. Read more...