Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

COVID-19 symptoms
Symptoms of COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, and has since spread globally, resulting in the ongoing 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, sputum production, diarrhea, sore throat, loss of smell, and abdominal pain. While the majority of cases result in mild symptoms, some progress to viral pneumonia and multi-organ failure. As of 3 April 2020, more than 1,060,000[1] cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than two hundred countries and territories, resulting in over 56,700 deaths.[1] More than 223,000 people have recovered.[1]

The virus is mainly spread during close contact, and by small droplets produced when people cough, sneeze, or talk. These small droplets may be produced during breathing but the virus is not generally airborne. People may also catch COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface and then their face. The virus can survive on surfaces up to 72 hours. It is most contagious during the first 3 days after onset of symptoms, although spread may be possible before symptoms appear and in later stages of the disease. Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between two and fourteen days, with an average of five days. The standard method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab. The infection can also be diagnosed from a combination of symptoms, risk factors and a chest CT scan showing features of pneumonia.


Recommended measures to prevent infection include frequent hand washing, social distancing (maintaining physical distance from others, especially from those with symptoms), covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue or inner elbow, and keeping unwashed hands away from the face. The use of masks is recommended for those who suspect they have the virus and their caregivers. Recommendations for mask use by the general public vary, with some authorities recommending against their use, some recommending their use, and others requiring their use. Currently, there is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. Management involves treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. Read more...
Covid-19-curves-graphic-social-v3.gif

About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), previously known by the provisional name 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus. It causes the respiratory illness known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 is contagious in humans, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has designated the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The strain was first discovered in Wuhan, China, so it is sometimes referred to as the "Wuhan virus" or "Wuhan coronavirus". Because the WHO discourages the use of names based upon locations and to avoid confusion with the disease SARS, it sometimes refers to SARS-CoV-2 as "the COVID-19 virus" in public health communications. The general public often call both SARS-CoV-2 and the disease it causes "coronavirus", but scientists typically use more precise terms.

Taxonomically, SARS-CoV-2 is a strain of Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARSr-CoV). It is believed to have zoonotic origins and has close genetic similarity to bat coronaviruses, suggesting it emerged from a bat-borne virus. An intermediate animal reservoir such as a pangolin is also thought to be involved in its introduction to humans. The virus shows little genetic diversity, indicating that the spillover event introducing SARS-CoV-2 to humans is likely to have occurred in late 2019. Read more...

Recent news

3 April 2020 – Socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
2020 coronavirus pandemic in Europe
Ford Motor Company extends the suspension of vehicle and engine production at most of its manufacturing sites in Europe to May 4 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. (Reuters)
2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic
The World Bank releases US$150 million to support the Dominican Republic's efforts to contain COVID-19. (Dominican Today)
3 April 2020 – 2020 coronavirus pandemic in Asia
2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Philippines
The Philippines records its single largest daily increase in casualties with 29 deaths, bringing the total deaths in the country to 136. (CNA)
3 April 2020 – 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the Dominican Republic
The Governor of the Duarte Province, Luis Núñez, tests positive for COVID-19 just after his wife dies from the virus. (Dominican Today)
2 April 2020 – 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 reaches more than one million worldwide. (Sky News)

More current events...

Disease progress

Countries and territories[a] Cases[b] Deaths[c] Recov.[d] Ref.
218 1,066,706 56,767 223,697 [1]
United States[e] 265,001 6,766 11,983 [3][4]
Italy[f] 119,827 14,681 19,758 [7]
Spain[g] 117,710 10,935 30,513 [9]
Germany[h] 89,126 1,198 13,597 [11][10]
China (mainland)[i] 81,620 3,322 76,571 [12]
France[j] 58,417 5,377 10,935 [14][15]
Iran[k] 53,183 3,294 17,935 [17]
United Kingdom[l] 38,168 3,605 191 [18]
Turkey 20,921 425 484 [19][20]
Switzerland 19,702 604 5,657 [21]
Belgium 16,770 1,143 2,872 [22]
Netherlands[m] 15,723 1,487 [24]
Canada 12,329 177 2,176 [25]
Austria 11,464 168 2,022 [26][27]
South Korea 10,062 174 6,021 [28]
Portugal 9,886 246 68 [29]
Brazil 8,066 327 127 [30][31]
Israel 7,428 39 403 [32]
Sweden[n] 6,122 351 106 [33]
Australia[o] 5,358 28 636 [34][35]
Norway[p] 5,296 54 [36]
Ireland 4,273 120 10 [39]
Russia[q] 4,149 34 281 [43]
Czech Republic 4,091 53 72 [44]
Denmark[r] 3,757 139 1,093 [46]
Chile 3,737 22 427 [47]
Ecuador 3,368 145 65 [48]
Malaysia 3,333 53 827 [49]
Poland 3,266 65 56 [50][30]
Romania 3,183 133 283 [51][52]
Philippines 3,018 136 52 [53][54]
Japan 2,617 63 472 [55]
Luxembourg 2,612 31 80 [56][30]
India 2,547 62 163 [57]
Pakistan 2,458 35 126 [58]
Saudi Arabia 2,039 25 351 [59]
Indonesia 1,986 181 134 [60]
Thailand 1,978 19 581 [61]
Greece 1,613 59 53 [62][63]
Finland[s] 1,608 19 [67][68]
Mexico 1,510 50 634 [69][30]
South Africa 1,505 9 31 [70][71]
Dominican Republic 1,488 68 16 [72]
Panama 1,475 37 10 [73]
Peru 1,414 55 537 [3][74]
Iceland 1,364 4 336 [75]
Argentina 1,265 36 248 [76]
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria 1,171 105 62 [77]
Serbia[t] 1,171 31 54 [79][3]
Colombia 1,161 19 55 [80]
Singapore 1,114 5 266 [81]
Croatia 1,079 8 92 [82]
Qatar 1,075 3 93 [83]
United Arab Emirates 1,024 8 96 [84][85]
Estonia 961 12 48 [86]
Ukraine[u] 942 23 19 [87]
Slovenia 934 20 10 [88]
Egypt[v] 850 52 179 [89][90]
Hong Kong 846 4 172 [91]
Iraq 820 54 226 [92]
New Zealand 772 1 103 [93]
Morocco 761 47 56 [94]
Armenia 736 7 43 [95]
Diamond Princess[w] 712 12 619 [96]
Lithuania 696 9 7 [97]
Bahrain 672 4 382 [98]
Hungary 623 26 43 [99]
Moldova 591 8 26 [100]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 575 17 27 [101]
Lebanon 508 17 50 [102]
Tunisia 495 18 5 [103]
Latvia 493 1 1 [30][104]
Bulgaria 485 14 30 [105]
Kazakhstan 464 3 29 [106]
Slovakia 450 1 7 [107][108]
Azerbaijan 443 5 32 [109][110]
Andorra 439 16 16 [111]
North Macedonia 430 12 20 [112][113]
Kuwait 417 0 82 [114][3]
Costa Rica 396 2 6 [115]
Cyprus[x] 391 10 18 [116]
Puerto Rico 378 15 [4]
Uruguay 369 4 68 [117]
Belarus 351 4 46 [118]
Taiwan 348 5 50 [119][120]
Réunion[y] 321 0 40 [121][15]
Jordan 310 5 58 [122]
Cameroon 306 8 10 [30][123]
Albania 304 16 89 [124]
Burkina Faso 302 16 50 [3]
Afghanistan 273 6 10 [30][125]
Cuba[z] 267 6 13 [126]
Oman 252 1 57 [127]
San Marino 251 32 26 [128]
Vietnam 237 0 85 [129]
Honduras 222 15 3 [130]
Uzbekistan 221 2 25 [131]
Senegal 207 1 66 [132]
Ghana 205 5 31 [133]
Malta 202 0 2 [134]
Ivory Coast 194 1 9 [3]
Palestine 193 1 21 [135]
Nigeria 190 2 20 [136]
Mauritius 186 7 0 [137]
Faroe Islands 179 0 91 [138]
Montenegro 160 2 0 [139][140]
Sri Lanka 159 4 24 [141]
Georgia[aa] 148 0 27 [142]
Venezuela 146 5 43 [143][144]
Martinique 138 3 27 [145]
DR Congo 134 13 3 [146]
Brunei 134 1 65 [147]
Bolivia 132 9 1 [148]
Guadeloupe 130 7 29 [149]
Kyrgyzstan 130 1 5 [150]
Kosovo[ab] 125 1 10 [151][152]
Kenya 122 4 4 [153]
Jersey 118 2 [154]
Mayotte 116 2 10 [155]
Cambodia 114 0 35 [156]
Guernsey 114 2 13 [157]
Isle of Man 114 1 [158]
Trinidad and Tobago 96 6 1 [159]
Paraguay 92 3 4 [160][30]
Gibraltar 88 0 46 [161]
Rwanda 84 0 0 [3]
Guam 82 4 [4]
Northern Cyprus 77 2 29 [162]
Niger 74 5 0 [163]
Guinea 73 0 0 [3]
Liechtenstein 72 0 0 [164]
Madagascar 65 0 0 [3]
Bangladesh 61 6 26 [165]
Aruba 60 0 1 [166]
Monaco 55 1 2 [167]
French Guiana[ac] 51 0 0 [168][15]
Jamaica 47 3 2 [169][170]
Barbados 46 0 0 [171]
Guatemala 46 1 12 [172]
Uganda 45 0 0 [173]
Macau 42 0 10 [174]
El Salvador 41 2 0 [175]
Djibouti 40 0 0 [3]
Togo 40 3 17 [176]
Zambia 39 1 1 [3]
French Polynesia 37 0 1 [177][178]
U.S. Virgin Islands 37 0 [4]
Mali 36 3 0 [179]
Bermuda 35 0 11 [180]
Ethiopia 35 0 3 [181][182]
Cayman Islands 28 1 [183]
Bahamas 24 1 0 [184]
Sint Maarten 23 2 3 [185][186]
Republic of the Congo 22 2 0 [3]
Eritrea 22 0 0 [187]
Saint Martin 22 2 2 [188]
Myanmar 20 1 0 [189]
Tanzania 20 1 2 [3]
Guyana 19 4 0 [190]
Maldives 19 0 13 [191]
Gabon 18 1 0 [3][192]
New Caledonia 18 0 1 [193]
Syria 16 2 0 [194]
Equatorial Guinea 16 0 1 [195]
Haiti 15 0 0 [196][197]
Mongolia 14 0 2 [198]
Namibia 14 0 2 [199][200]
Benin 13 0 1 [201]
Saint Lucia 13 0 0 [202]
Dominica 12 0 0 [203]
Curaçao 11 1 2 [204]
MS Zaandam & Rotterdam[ad] 11 2 0 [206][207]
Greenland 10 0 3 [208]
Grenada 10 0 0 [209]
Laos 10 0 0 [210]
Libya 10 0 1 [211]
Mozambique 10 0 0 [212]
Seychelles 10 0 0 [213]
Sudan 10 2 2 [214][215]
Suriname 10 0 0 [216]
Antigua and Barbuda 9 0 0 [217]
Eswatini 9 0 0 [218][3]
Guinea-Bissau 9 0 0 [219]
Zimbabwe 9 1 0 [220]
Åland Islands 8 0 0 [221]
Angola 8 2 1 [222][223]
Central African Republic 8 0 0 [224]
Northern Mariana Islands 8 1 [4]
Saint Kitts and Nevis 8 0 0 [225]
Chad 7 0 0 [226]
Fiji 7 0 0 [227]
Liberia 7 0 0 [228]
Akrotiri and Dhekelia 7 0 0 [229]
Vatican City 7 0 [230]
Cape Verde 6 1 0 [231]
Mauritania 6 1 2 [232]
Saint Barthélemy 6 0 1 [188]
Nepal 6 0 1 [233]
Bhutan 5 0 0 [234]
Montserrat 5 0 0 [235]
Turks and Caicos Islands 5 0 0 [236]
Gambia 4 1 0 [237]
Nicaragua 4 1 0 [238]
Botswana 4 1 0 [239]
Anguilla 3 0 0 [240]
Belize 3 0 0 [241]
British Virgin Islands 3 0 0 [242]
Burundi 3 0 0 [243]
Malawi 3 0 0 [244]
Somalia[ae] 3 0 0 [245]
St. Vincent & the Grenadines 3 0 1 [246][247]
Donetsk People's Republic[af] 2 0 0 [249]
Sint Eustatius 2 0 0 [250]
Somaliland 2 0 0 [251][252]
Sierra Leone 2 0 0 [253]
East Timor 1 0 1 [254]
Luhansk People's Republic[af] 1 0 0 [255]
Papua New Guinea 1 0 0 [256]
As of 31 March 2020 (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
Notes
  1. ^ Countries and territories, and two international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. Nationality and location of original infection may vary. In some countries, the cases cover several territories, as noted accordingly.
  2. ^ Cumulative confirmed cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases are likely to be higher than reported.[2]
  3. ^ Total deaths may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each individual location.
  4. ^ Recovered cases. All recoveries may not be reported. Total recoveries may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each individual location. "–" denotes that no reliable data is currently available for that territory, not that the value is zero.
  5. ^ United States
    1. Cases and deaths exclude all Overseas Territories.
    2. There is no reliable source for recoveries per territory. Recoveries in Overseas Territories may be included in the United States entry.
    3. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    4. Data is from unofficial trackers and not from the official Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  6. ^ Italy
    Only at-risk people showing symptoms have been tested from 27 February 2020 and onwards.[5][6]
  7. ^ Spain
    1. Including the autonomous regions of Ceuta and Melilla.
    2. Testing has been restricted to at-risk people showing symptoms.[8]
  8. ^ Germany
    Not all state authorities count recoveries.[10]
  9. ^ China
    1. Excluding 1,248 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 2 April 2020
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported prior to 31 March 2020
  10. ^ France
    1. Testing has been restricted to at-risk people showing severe symptoms.[13]
    2. Excluding all Overseas departments and regions and Overseas collectivities.
    3. Deaths and recoveries only include hospitalised cases.[14][15]
  11. ^ Iran
    1. Due to a shortage of resources, testing is restricted to only severe cases.[16]
  12. ^ United Kingdom
    Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
  13. ^ Netherlands
    1. All four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands [i.e. (the country - as opposed to the Kingdom - of] the Netherlands - in this table row -, Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten) are listed separately.
    2. Special municipalities are listed separately.
    3. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries[23]
  14. ^ Sweden
    Testing of suspected infections has been cut back in the whole country in the period around 12 March 2020, in order to focus efforts on people with increased risk of serious illness and complications.
  15. ^ Australia
    Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  16. ^ Norway
    1. From 13 March 2020, testing of the normal population was discontinued, and is now only reserved for health professionals and acutely ill people in vulnerable groups.
    2. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health states that there are more infected people in Norway than the figures show. The dark figures are presumed to be higher because of limited testing.[36]
    3. Estimation of number of coronavirus infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, over 40% of all GPs in Norway have been registered 20,200 patients with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[37]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[38]
  17. ^ Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014 but remains internationally recognized as being under Ukrainian sovereignty.
    2. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
    3. One fatality was not officially recorded by the Russian authorities as caused by coronavirus.[40][41][42]
  18. ^ Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
    2. From 12 March to 1 April 2020, testing primarily focussed on people with more serious symptoms, vulnerable people and health professionals. Before and after this period testing was done more broadly, among others including people with mild symptoms and people that have been in close contact with an infected person.[45]
  19. ^ Finland
    1. Excluding the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. Not all suspected infections are tested. As of 31 March 2020, testing focuses on at-risk people and patients with severe symptoms of respiratory tract infection, as well as healthcare and social welfare personnel.[64] Specimens from mildly symptomatic and returning travelers can still be taken at the discretion of the treating physician.[65]
    3. There is no reliable or frequently published national data source which provides counts of recoveries. However, as of 1 April 2020, there have been hundreds of recoveries. The exact number is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.[66]
  20. ^ Serbia
    Excluding Kosovo.[78]
  21. ^ Ukraine
    Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014 but remains internationally recognized as being under Ukrainian sovereignty. Because the Russian authorities are tabulating cases from Crimea, they are included in the Russian total. Also excluding cases from the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
  22. ^ Egypt
    Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  23. ^ Diamond Princess
    The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is neither included in the Japanese government's official count nor in United Kingdom's one. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  24. ^ Cyprus
    Excluding Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Northern Cyprus.
  25. ^ Réunion
    Recoveries only includes hospitalised cases.
  26. ^ Cuba
    Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
  27. ^ Georgia
    Including the de facto sovereign state of Abkhazia (1 Case).
  28. ^ Kosovo
    1. Excluding Serbia.
    2. Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia.
  29. ^ French Guiana
    Recoveries only includes hospitalised cases.
  30. ^ MS Zaandam and Rotterdam
    1. The cruise ship MS Zaandam became stranded off the coast of Chile after being denied entry to ports since 14 March 2020.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on March 26 off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both transited the Panama canal, and have now docked in Florida.[205]
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  31. ^ Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland
  32. ^ a b Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Cases from these unrecognized territories are not counted by Ukraine.[248]
    2. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts
Refs
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National responses

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic spread to many countries around the world, with the most affected countries being the United States, Italy, Spain, China, France, Iran, and South Korea. National response measures have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. This is a dynamic list of different responses by various nations across the world. Read more...

Images

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Socio-economic impact

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the spread of the disease and efforts to quarantine it. As the pandemic has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector.

Supply shortages are expected to affect a number of sectors due to panic buying, increased usage of goods to fight the pandemic, and disruption to factories and logistics in mainland China. There have been widespread reports of supply shortages of pharmaceuticals, with many areas seeing panic buying and consequent shortages of food and other essential grocery items. The technology industry, in particular, has been warning about delays to shipments of electronic goods. Read more...

Workplace

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Workplace hazard controls for COVID-19 are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on a risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19.

Medium exposure risk jobs include those that require frequent or close contact with people who are not known or suspected with COVID-19, but may be infected due to ongoing community transmission or international travel. This includes workers who have contact with the general public such as in schools, high-population-density work environments, and some high-volume retail settings. Hazard controls for this group, in addition to basic infection prevention measures, include ventilation using high-efficiency air filters, sneeze guards, and having personal protective equipment available in case a person with COVID-19 is encountered.

OSHA considers healthcare and mortuary workers exposed to known or suspected person with COVID-19 to be at high exposure risk, which increases to very high exposure risk if workers perform aerosol-generating procedures on, or collect or handle specimens from, known or suspected person with COVID-19. Hazard controls appropriate for these workers include engineering controls such as negative pressure ventilation rooms, and personal protective equipment appropriate to the job task. Read more...

Testing

Laboratory testing for the respiratory coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the associated SARS-CoV-2 virus includes methods that detect the presence of virus and those that detect antibodies produced in response to infection.

The presence of viruses in samples is confirmed by RT-PCR, which detects the coronavirus' RNA. This test is specific and is designed to only detect the RNA of the SAR-CoV-2 virus. It is used to confirm very recent or active infections. Read more...

Vaccine research

A COVID-19 vaccine is a hypothetical vaccine against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Although no vaccine has completed clinical trials, there are multiple attempts in progress to develop such a vaccine. In late February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) said it did not expect a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2, the causative virus, to become available in less than 18 months. By April 2020, some 50 vaccine candidates were in development, with four organizations having initiated Phase I safety studies in human subjects. Read more...

Drug research

COVID-19 drug development is the research process to develop a preventative vaccine or therapeutic prescription drug that would alleviate the severity of 2019-20 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Internationally as of March 2020, some 100 drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were involved in stages of vaccine or drug development. The World Health Organization (WHO), European Medicines Agency (EMA), US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Chinese government and drug manufacturers were coordinating with academic and industry researchers to speed development of vaccines, antiviral drugs, and monoclonal antibody therapies. Read more...

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Get involved by joining WikiProject COVID-19. We discuss collaborations and all manner of issues on our talk page.

As of 3 April 2020, there are 725 articles within the scope of WikiProject COVID-19. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, project pages, etcetera, there are 3,062 pages in the project.

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