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Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

Video summary (script)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei, China, and has resulted in an ongoing pandemic. As of 13 August 2020, more than 20.6 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 749,000 deaths. More than 12.8 million people have recovered.[1]


There are no proven vaccines nor specific antiviral treatments for COVID-19. Management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID‑19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Local transmission of the disease has occurred in most countries across all six WHO regions. Read more...
20200403 Flatten the curve animated GIF.gif

About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the strain of coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the respiratory illness responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic. Colloquially known as simply the coronavirus, it was previously referred to by its provisional name, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), and has also been called human coronavirus 2019 (HCoV-19 or hCoV-19). The World Health Organization declared the outbreak a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020, and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Read more...

About the spread and symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 4.0.svg
The virus is primarily spread between people in close proximity,[a] most often via small droplets produced by coughing,[b] sneezing, and talking.[2][3][5] The droplets usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than travelling through air over long distances.[2][6] However, the transmission may also occur through smaller droplets that are able to stay suspended in the air for longer periods of time in enclosed spaces, as typical for airborne diseases.[7] Less commonly, people may become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face.[2][3] It is most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is possible before symptoms appear, and from people who do not show symptoms.[2][3]

Common symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, shortness of breath, and loss of sense of smell. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. The time from exposure to onset of symptoms is typically around five days but may range from two to fourteen days. There are several vaccine candidates in development, although none have completed clinical trials to prove their safety and efficacy. There is no known specific antiviral medication, so primary treatment is currently symptomatic. Read more...

Disease progress

Location[c] Cases[d] Deaths[e] Recov.[f] Ref.
World[g] 20,624,316 749,421 12,831,800 [1]
United States[h] 5,324,602 168,930 2,679,694 [15]
Brazil[i] 3,180,758 104,528 2,309,477 [19][20]
India 2,396,637 47,033 1,695,982 [21]
Russia[j] 907,758 15,384 716,396 [22]
South Africa 568,919 11,010 432,029 [23]
Peru 498,555 21,713 335,756 [24][25]
Mexico 505,751 55,293 341,507 [26][27]
Colombia 422,519 13,837 239,785 [28]
Chile[k] 380,034 10,299 353,131 [32]
Iran 336,324 19,162 292,058 [33]
Spain[l] 329,784 28,579 150,376 [34]
United Kingdom[m] 313,798 41,347 No data [36]
Saudi Arabia 294,519 3,303 260,393 [37]
Pakistan 286,674 6,139 264,060 [38]
Argentina[n] 276,059 5,362 192,421 [40][41]
Bangladesh 269,115 3,557 154,871 [42][43]
Italy 252,235 35,231 202,923 [44][45]
Turkey 244,392 5,891 227,089 [46]
Germany[o] 220,931 9,276 199,477 [48][47]
France[p] 209,365 30,388 83,226 [49][50]
Iraq 164,277 5,641 117,208 [51]
Philippines 147,526 2,426 70,387 [52][53]
Indonesia 132,816 5,968 87,558 [54]
Canada[q] 120,633 9,004 107,023 [57]
Qatar 114,281 190 110,957 [58]
Kazakhstan 101,372 1,269 76,756 [59]
Ecuador 98,343 6,010 78,957 [60][61]
Egypt[r] 95,963 5,085 55,901 [62]
Bolivia 95,071 3,827 32,830 [63]
Israel[s] 88,733 643 64,674 [64]
Ukraine[t] 86,140 1,992 46,216 [65][66]
China[u] 84,786 4,634 79,462 [67]
Sweden 83,852 5,776 No data [68]
Oman 82,531 551 77,278 [69]
Dominican Republic 81,094 1,346 45,666 [70]
Panama 78,446 1,722 52,210 [71][72]
Belgium[v] 75,647 9,900 18,576 [74]
Kuwait 74,486 489 66,099 [75]
Belarus 69,203 599 66,178 [76]
Romania 66,631 2,860 31,547 [77]
United Arab Emirates 63,489 358 57,372 [78]
Guatemala 60,824 2,296 48,305 [79]
Netherlands[w] 60,627 6,161 No data [81][82]
Singapore 55,395 27 50,520 [83][84]
Poland 54,487 1,844 37,150 [85][86]
Portugal 53,548 1,770 39,177 [87]
Japan[x] 51,147 1,063 36,134 [88]
Honduras 48,657 1,533 6,945 [89][90]
Nigeria 47,743 956 33,943 [91]
Bahrain 45,264 167 41,836 [92]
Ghana 41,725 223 39,495 [93]
Kyrgyzstan 41,069 1,487 33,318 [94]
Armenia 41,023 809 33,897 [95]
Afghanistan 37,424 1,363 26,714 [96]
Switzerland[y] 37,403 1,715 32,800 [97][98]
Algeria 37,187 1,341 26,004 [99][100]
Morocco[z] 35,195 533 25,385 [102]
Azerbaijan[aa] 33,824 497 31,058 [103]
Uzbekistan 33,093 215 26,270 [104]
Venezuela 29,088 247 21,042 [105]
Serbia[ab] 28,751 658 22,299 [106]
Moldova[ac] 28,607 863 19,998 [107]
Kenya 28,104 456 14,610 [108]
Ireland[ad] 26,929 1,774 24,000 [109]
Ethiopia 25,118 463 11,034 [110]
Costa Rica 25,057 263 8,189 [111]
Nepal 24,957 95 16,837 [112][113]
Austria 22,594 725 20,346 [114]
Australia[ae] 22,358 361 12,996 [115]
El Salvador 21,993 584 10,254 [116]
Czech Republic 19,401 391 13,574 [117]
Cameroon 17,586 393 15,996 [118][119]
Ivory Coast 16,847 105 13,321 [120]
Palestine 15,491 105 9,186 [121]
Denmark[af] 15,214 621 13,131 [122]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15,184 458 9,156 [123]
South Korea 14,873 305 13,863 [124]
Bulgaria 13,893 482 8,479 [125][126]
Madagascar 13,522 162 11,780 [127]
North Macedonia 12,357 532 8,662 [128][129]
Sudan 12,115 792 6,305 [130][131]
Senegal 11,740 68 7,572 [132]
Kosovo 10,795 365 6,411 [133]
Puerto Rico 10,279 306 1,359 [134][135]
Norway[ag] 9,851 257 8,857 [138]
DR Congo[ah] 9,589 234 8,480 [139]
Malaysia 9,129 125 8,821 [140]
Zambia 8,275 241 7,004 [141][142]
Guinea 8,018 50 7,020 [143][144]
Gabon 8,006 51 5,823 [145]
Tajikistan 7,912 63 6,696 [146][147]
Haiti 7,649 183 4,982 [148]
Finland[ai] 7,623 333 6,980 [151]
Paraguay 7,519 86 5,326 [152]
Lebanon 7,413 89 2,407 [153]
Luxembourg 7,242 122 6,222 [154]
Albania 6,817 208 3,552 [155]
Mauritania 6,598 157 5,704 [156]
Greece 6,381 221 3,804 [157]
Libya 6,302 132 740 [158][159]
Croatia 5,870 160 5,024 [160]
Maldives 5,366 21 2,874 [161]
Djibouti 5,358 59 5,150 [162]
Equatorial Guinea 4,821 83 2,182 [163]
Zimbabwe 4,818 104 1,544 [164][165]
Hungary 4,813 607 3,561 [166]
Malawi 4,912 153 2,550 [167]
Central African Republic 4,645 61 1,723 [168]
Hong Kong 4,313 65 3,295 [169]
Nicaragua 4,115 128 2,913 [85][170]
Montenegro 3,748 71 2,558 [171]
Congo[aj] 3,745 60 1,625 [172][173]
Namibia 3,544 27 848 [174][175]
Eswatini 3,410 63 1,720 [176]
Thailand 3,359 58 3,169 [177][178]
Somalia[ak] 3,221 93 1,599 [179]
Cuba[al] 3,093 88 2,472 [180]
Cape Verde 2,920 33 2,148 [181]
Sri Lanka 2,881 11 2,638 [182]
Suriname 2,653 39 1,789 [183]
Slovakia 2,615 31 1,874 [184]
Mali 2,577 125 1,973 [185]
Mozambique 2,481 17 910 [186]
South Sudan 2,472 47 1,175 [187][188]
Lithuania 2,330 81 1,689 [189]
Slovenia 2,272 129 1,960 [190][191]
Estonia 2,174 63 1,979 [192]
Rwanda 2,171 7 1,478 [193][194]
Guinea-Bissau 2,088 29 1,015 [195]
Benin 2,001 38 1,681 [196]
Iceland 1,968 10 1,844 [197]
Donetsk PR[am] 1,963 113 901 [198]
Sierra Leone 1,940 69 1,496 [199][200]
Yemen 1,841 528 937 [201]
Tunisia 1,738 52 1,272 [202]
Angola 1,735 80 575 [203]
Uruguay[an] 1,409 37 1,180 [204]
The Gambia 1,346 32 227 [205]
Syria[ao] 1,327 53 385 [206]
Uganda 1,313 9 1,138 [207][208]
Latvia 1,293 32 1,078 [85][209]
Jordan 1,283 11 1,189 [210]
Cyprus[ap] 1,277 20 870 [211]
Georgia[aq] 1,264 17 1,054 [212]
Liberia 1,250 81 736 [213]
New Zealand 1,220 22 1,176 [214]
Burkina Faso 1,211 54 990 [215][216]
Niger 1,158 69 1,062 [217]
Malta 1,112 9 688 [218]
USS Theodore Roosevelt[ar] 1,102 1 751 [219][220]
Togo 1,092 26 782 [221]
Charles de Gaulle[as] 1,081 0 0 [222]
Jamaica 1,065 14 753 [226][227]
Bahamas 1,036 15 116 [228][229]
Andorra 963 52 839 [230]
Chad 945 76 843 [231]
Aruba 894 3 114 [232]
Vietnam 883 18 421 [233]
São Tomé and Príncipe 882 15 807 [234]
Somaliland[at] 860 26 266 [235][236]
Lesotho 815 24 220 [237]
Diamond Princess[x] 712 14 653 [238][239]
San Marino 699 42 656 [240]
U.S. Virgin Islands 639 9 468 [241]
Guyana 623 22 191 [242]
Luhansk PR[am] 621 15 586 [243]
Taiwan[au] 481 7 450 [245]
Guam[ar] 477 5 343 [15][246]
Burundi 408 1 315 [247]
Trinidad and Tobago 404 8 139 [248]
Comoros 399 7 379 [249]
Myanmar 361 6 318 [250]
Jersey 347 15 324 [251]
Mauritius 344 10 334 [252]
Faroe Islands 339 0 225 [253]
Isle of Man[av] 336 24 312 [254]
Mongolia 297 0 269 [255]
Belize 296 2 32 [256]
Eritrea 285 0 245 [257]
Cambodia 272 0 223 [258]
Papua New Guinea 269 3 78 [259]
Guernsey 252 13 238 [260]
Botswana[aw] 251 2 80 [261][262]
Artsakh[ax] 251 0 231 [263]
Sint Maarten 248 17 102 [264]
Turks and Caicos Islands 241 2 46 [265]
Cayman Islands 203 1 202 [266]
Gibraltar 203 0 187 [267]
Northern Cyprus[ay] 183 4 137 [268]
Bermuda 159 9 145 [269]
Costa Atlantica 148 0 148 [270][271]
Barbados 144 7 115 [272]
Abkhazia[az] 143 3 45 [263]
Brunei 142 3 138 [273][274]
Monaco 138 4 113 [275]
Greg Mortimer[an] 128 1 No data [276][277]
French Polynesia 139 0 64 [278]
Bhutan 128 0 100 [279]
Seychelles 127 0 126 [280]
Antigua and Barbuda 92 3 76 [281]
South Ossetia[ba] 89 0 89 [263]
Liechtenstein 90 1 87 [282]
Saint Vincent[bb] 57 0 52 [283]
Northern Mariana Islands 48 2 19 [284]
Macau 46 0 46 [285]
MS Roald Amundsen 36 0 0 [286]
Curaçao 32 1 30 [287]
Fiji 28 1 20 [288][289]
East Timor 25 0 24 [290]
Saint Lucia 25 0 25 [291][292]
Grenada 24 0 23 [293][294]
New Caledonia 23 0 22 [295]
Laos 20 0 19 [296]
Dominica 18 0 18 [297]
Saint Kitts and Nevis 17 0 17 [298]
Greenland 14 0 14 [299]
Falkland Islands 13 0 13 [300]
Montserrat 13 1 12 [301]
MS Zaandam[bc] 13 4 No data [304][305]
Coral Princess[bd] 12 3 No data [307]
Vatican City 12 0 12 [308]
British Virgin Islands 9 1 7 [309]
HNLMS Dolfijn[be] 8 0 8 [310][313]
Bonaire 5 0 2 [314]
Saba 5 0 4 [315]
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 4 0 1 [316]
Anguilla 3 0 3 [317]
Sint Eustatius 2 0 2 [318]
Tanzania[bf] No data No data No data [320][321]
As of 3 August 2020 (UTC) · History of cases · History of deaths
Notes
  1. ^ The term of art used by epidemiologists is "close contact" which is defined as less than one metre (~3.3 feet) by the WHO[2] and within ~1.8 metres (six feet) by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).[3]
  2. ^ An uncovered cough can travel up to 8.2 metres (27 feet).[4]
  3. ^ Location: Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
  4. ^ Cases: This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported.[8] Reporting criteria and testing capacity vary between locations.
    The total number of cases may not necessarily represent an aggregate sum of all entries in this column as it relies on aggregate sources and not local sources.
  5. ^ Deaths: Reporting criteria vary between locations.
    The total number of deaths may not necessarily represent an aggregate sum of all entries in this column as it relies on aggregate sources and not local sources.
  6. ^ Recoveries: May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Reporting criteria vary between locations.
    The total number of recoveries may not necessarily represent an aggregate sum of all entries in this column as it relies on aggregate sources and not local sources.
  7. ^ World
    1. Total numbers worldwide. Some locations, including North Korea, have yet to report cases.
  8. ^ United States
    1. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    2. Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands, all of which are listed separately.
    3. Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
    4. Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.[9]
    5. Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.[10][11][12]
    6. Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.[13]
    7. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
    8. There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts.[14] Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publish case statistics.[13]
  9. ^ Brazil
    1. Since 6 June, the Brazilian government has ordered the Ministry of Health to stop reporting the total number of deaths and active cases.[16][17] After this, the National Council of Health Secretaries assumed the function of reporting the total number of deaths and active cases.[18]
  10. ^ Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol.
    2. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  11. ^ Chile
    1. Including the special territory of Easter Island.
    2. The Chilean Ministry of Health considered all cases as "recovered" after 14 days since the initial symptoms of the virus, no matter the health situation of the infected or if following tests indicate the continuing presence of the virus. The only exception were casualties, which are not included as recovered.[29]
    3. Deaths only include cases with positive PCR tests and catalogued as "COVID-19 related death" by the Civil Registry and Identification Service. This number is informed on the daily reports of the Ministry of Health. A report with the total number of deaths, including suspected cases without PCR test, is released weekly since 20 June 2020.[30] In the latest report (7 August 2020), the number of total deaths is 13,939.[31]
  12. ^ Spain
    1. Excludes serology–confirmed cases.
  13. ^ United Kingdom
    1. Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
    2. As of 23 March 2020, the UK government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 22 March reported 135 recovered patients.[35]
  14. ^ Argentina
    1. Excluding confirmed cases on the claimed territory of the Falkland Islands. Since 11 April, the Argentine Ministry of Health includes them in their official reports.[39]
  15. ^ Germany
    1. Not all state authorities count recoveries.[47]
    2. Recoveries include estimations by the Robert Koch Institute.[47][48]
  16. ^ France
    1. Including overseas regions of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte and Réunion, and collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.
    2. Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
    3. Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.[49]
    4. Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).[49]
  17. ^ Canada
    1. On 17 July 2020, Quebec, Canada, revised its criteria on recoveries. The Institut national de santé publique claims that "the previous method resulted in 'significant underestimations' of recovered cases."[55] This change resulted in a drop of active cases nationwide, from a total of 27,603 on 16 July to 4,058 on 17 July.[56]
  18. ^ Egypt
    1. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  19. ^ Israel
    1. Including cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
    2. Excluding cases from the Occupied Palestinian Territories.
  20. ^ Ukraine
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol. Cases in these territories are included in the Russian total.
    2. Excluding cases from the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
  21. ^ China
    1. Excluding 309 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 13 August 2020.
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported before 31 March 2020.
    3. Excluding Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
    4. Does not include Taiwan.
  22. ^ Belgium
    1. The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.[73]
  23. ^ Netherlands
    1. The Kingdom of the Netherlands consists of a) the Netherlands* [the country as opposed to the kingdom; listed here], which in turn includes the Caribbean Netherlands, that are made up of the special municipalities Bonaire*, Saba* and Sint Eustatius*; b) Aruba*; c) Curaçao*; and d) Sint Maarten*. All regions marked with an asterisk are listed separately.
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.[80]
  24. ^ a b Diamond Princess and Japan
    1. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  25. ^ Switzerland
    1. Recoveries are estimates by the Tribune de Genève.
  26. ^ Morocco
    1. Including cases in the disputed Western Sahara territory controlled by Morocco. There are no confirmed cases in the rest of Western Sahara.[101]
  27. ^ Azerbaijan
    1. Excluding the self-declared state of Artsakh.
  28. ^ Serbia
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed territory of Kosovo.
  29. ^ Moldova
    1. Including the disputed territory of Transnistria.
  30. ^ Ireland
    1. Excluding confirmed cases and deaths in Northern Ireland.
  31. ^ Australia
    1. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  32. ^ Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
  33. ^ Norway
    1. Estimation of the number of infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[136]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[137]
  34. ^ DR Congo
  35. ^ Finland
    1. Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease.[149] The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.[150]
  36. ^ Congo
    1. Also known as the Republic of the Congo and not to be confused with the DR Congo.
  37. ^ Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland.
  38. ^ Cuba
    1. Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
    2. Excluding cases from Guantanamo Bay, which is governed by the United States.
  39. ^ a b Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  40. ^ a b Greg Mortimer and Uruguay
    1. Although currently anchored off the coast of Uruguay, cases for the Greg Mortimer are currently reported separately. Six have been transferred inland for hospitalization.
  41. ^ Syria
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
  42. ^ Cyprus
  43. ^ Georgia
    1. Excluding the de facto states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  44. ^ a b Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
    1. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
  45. ^ Charles de Gaulle
    1. Including cases on the escort frigate Chevalier Paul.
    2. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's National Defense and Armed Forces Committee [fr] that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far.[222] Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.[223][224][225]
  46. ^ Somaliland
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Somalia.
  47. ^ Taiwan
    1. Including cases from the ROCS Pan Shi.[244]
  48. ^ Isle of Man
    1. Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."[254]
  49. ^ Botswana
    1. 815 people who tested positive have been voluntarily repatriated to their respective countries and are not part of the confirmed case count as a result the Government of Botswana does not include the transferred-out cases.[261]
  50. ^ Artsakh
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Azerbaijan.
  51. ^ Northern Cyprus
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Cyprus.
  52. ^ Abkhazia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  53. ^ South Ossetia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  54. ^ Saint Vincent
    1. The sovereign state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  55. ^ MS Zaandam
    1. Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on 26 March off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.[302][303]
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  56. ^ Coral Princess
    1. The cruise ship Coral Princess has tested positive cases since early April 2020 and has since docked in Miami.[306]
    2. Coral Princess's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  57. ^ HNLMS Dolfijn
    1. All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.[310]
    2. It is unclear whether the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.[311][312]
  58. ^ Tanzania
    1. Figures for Tanzania are "No data" as the country stopped publishing figures on coronavirus cases on 29 April.[319] Figures as of that date were 509 cases, 21 deaths, and 183 recoveries.[320][321]

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Hazard controls for COVID-19 in US workplaces are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on an occupational risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19. Read more...

Misinformation

The pandemic has resulted in misinformation and conspiracy theories about the scale of the pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media, including the tabloid media, conservative media, and state media of countries such as China, Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan. It has also been reportedly spread by covert operations backed by states such as Saudi Arabia, Russia and China to generate panic and sow distrust in other countries. In some countries, such as India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia, journalists have been arrested for allegedly spreading fake news about the pandemic. Read more...

Testing

COVID-19 testing involves analyzing samples to assess the current or past presence of SARS-CoV-2. The two main branches detect either the presence of the virus or of antibodies produced in response to infection. Tests for viral presence are used to diagnose individual cases and to allow public health authorities to trace and contain outbreaks. Antibody tests instead show whether someone once had the disease. They are less useful for diagnosing current infections because antibodies may not develop for weeks after infection. It is used to assess disease prevalence, which aids the estimation of the infection fatality rate. Read more...

Vaccine research

A COVID‑19 vaccine is a biotechnology product intended to provide acquired immunity against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). As of August 2020, there were 231 vaccine candidates in development, although no candidate has completed clinical trials to prove its safety and efficacy. In August, at least 24 vaccine candidates were announced or undergoing clinical trials, with six beginning phase III and 18 still in phase I–II. Read more...

Drug research

COVID‑19 drug development is the research process to develop preventative therapeutic prescription drugs that would alleviate the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Internationally by August 2020, several hundred drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were developing over 500 potential therapies for COVID‑19 disease in various stages of preclinical or clinical research. Read more...

Images

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Recent news

9 August 2020 –
A 17-year-old Chili's hostess is hospitalized after being attacked at a Chili's restaurant in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, after telling a large group of women that they may not share a table due to safety regulations regarding the coronavirus. The hostess has no plans to return to the Chili's restaurant where she was attacked. (MSN)
1 August 2020 – Protests over responses to the COVID-19 pandemic
A demonstration against coronavirus restrictions attended by thousands of people in Berlin, Germany, is terminated by police over "non-respect of hygiene rules". Police say they launched legal action against the organisers. (Al Jazeera)
31 July 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson postpones lockdown easing in England, for at least two weeks, after an increase in coronavirus cases. (BBC)
20 July 2020 – European Union response to the COVID-19 pandemic
The EU meeting on a post-coronavirus recovery fund enters deadlock on its fourth day. Complicating matters, the group is also negotiating a deal for the bloc's next long-term budget. Today's early talks over a proposed 750bn ($857bn / £680bn) recovery package have reportedly been testy. Resumption is scheduled for 14:00 GMT. (BBC)
18 July 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Around 85 infants in Nueces County test positive for coronavirus. (The Hill)
18 July 2020 – Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on politics
The largest street demonstration in Thailand since the 2014 Thai coup d'état erupts at the Democracy Monument in Bangkok with around 2,500 protesters demanding the government's resignation, parliament's dissolution, and the rewriting of the constitution, defying a coronavirus ban on gatherings (Reuters)
17 July 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador announces he will donate a quarter of his US$4,806 monthly salary to help health services fight the virus. He also encouraged other public officials to follow his move. (Reuters)

More news...

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Get involved by joining WikiProject COVID-19. We discuss collaborations and all manner of issues on our talk page. As of 14 August 2020, there are 1,268 articles within the project's scope. A full list is available here.

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