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Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

Video summary (script)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread globally, resulting in an ongoing pandemic. As of 25 May 2020, more than 5.4 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 344,000 deaths. More than 2.16 million people have recovered.[1]


According to the World Health Organization, there are no available vaccines nor specific antiviral treatments for COVID-19. On 1 May 2020, the United States gave emergency use authorization to the antiviral remdesivir for people hospitalized with severe COVID‑19. Management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID‑19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Local transmission of the disease has occurred in most countries across all six WHO regions. Read more...
20200403 Flatten the curve animated GIF.gif

About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the strain of coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory illness. Colloquially known as the coronavirus, it was previously referred to by its provisional name, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). As described by the National Institutes of Health, it is the successor to SARS-CoV-1. SARS-CoV-2 is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus. It is contagious in humans, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has designated the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Read more...

About the spread and symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 4.0.svg

The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact,[a] most often via small droplets produced by coughing,[b] sneezing, and talking.[2][3][5] The droplets usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than travelling through air over long distances.[2] Less commonly, people may become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face.[2][3] It is most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is possible before symptoms appear, and from people who do not show symptoms.[2][3] Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, wearing a face mask in public settings, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. Authorities worldwide have responded by implementing travel restrictions, lockdowns, workplace hazard controls, and facility closures. Many places have also worked to increase testing capacity and trace contacts of infected persons. Read more...

Disease progress

Locations[c] Cases[d] Deaths[e] Recov.[f] Ref.
229 5,400,608 344,760 2,165,782 [1]
United States[g] 1,677,436 98,024 341,717 [13]
Brazil 365,213 22,746 149,911 [14][15]
Russia[h] 344,481 3,541 113,299 [16]
United Kingdom[i] 259,559 36,793 No data [18][19]
Spain[j] 235,772 28,752 150,376 [20]
Italy 229,858 32,785 140,479 [21][22]
Germany[k] 180,328 8,367 161,875 [24][23]
Turkey 156,827 4,340 118,694 [25]
France[l] 144,921 28,367 64,617 [26]
India 138,845 4,021 57,721 [27]
Iran 135,701 7,417 105,801 [28]
Peru 119,959 3,456 49,795 [29][30]
Canada 84,699 6,424 43,985 [31]
China[m] 82,985 4,634 78,268 [32]
Saudi Arabia 72,560 390 43,520 [33]
Chile[n] 69,102 718 28,148 [40]
Mexico 68,620 7,394 47,424 [41][42]
Belgium[o] 57,092 9,280 15,272 [44]
Pakistan 54,601 1,133 17,198 [45]
Netherlands[p] 45,236 5,822 No data [47]
Qatar 43,714 23 9,170 [48]
Ecuador 36,756 3,108 3,560 [49]
Belarus 36,198 199 14,155 [50]
Bangladesh 33,610 480 6,901 [51]
Sweden 33,459 3,998 4,971 [52][53]
Singapore 31,960 23 14,876 [54][55]
Switzerland 30,736 1,641 28,000 [56][57]
Portugal 30,623 1,316 17,549 [58]
United Arab Emirates 29,485 245 15,056 [59]
Ireland 24,639 1,608 21,060 [60]
South Africa 22,583 429 10,104 [61]
Indonesia 22,271 1,372 5,402 [62]
Poland 21,326 996 9,194 [52][63]
Kuwait 21,302 156 6,117 [64]
Ukraine[q] 21,245 623 7,234 [65]
Colombia 21,175 727 5,016 [66]
Romania 18,070 1,179 11,399 [67]
Egypt[r] 17,265 764 4,807 [68]
Israel[s] 16,712 279 14,093 [69]
Japan[t] 16,569 825 13,244 [70][71]
Austria 16,430 640 15,063 [72][73]
Dominican Republic 14,801 458 8,133 [74]
Philippines 14,035 868 3,249 [75][76]
Argentina[u] 12,063 452 3,719 [78]
Denmark[v] 11,360 562 9,900 [79]
South Korea 11,206 267 10,226 [80]
Serbia[w] 11,159 238 5,857 [81]
Panama 10,926 306 6,279 [82]
Afghanistan 10,582 218 1,075 [83]
Bahrain 9,138 13 4,587 [84]
Czech Republic 8,955 315 6,078 [85]
Norway[x] 8,352 235 7,999 [88]
Kazakhstan 8,322 35 4,352 [89]
Algeria 8,306 600 4,578 [90][91]
Nigeria 7,839 226 2,263 [92]
Oman 7,770 36 1,933 [93]
Morocco[y] 7,433 199 4,703 [95]
Malaysia 7,245 115 5,945 [96]
Australia[z] 7,109 102 6,506 [97]
Moldova[aa] 7,093 250 3,713 [98]
Ghana 6,683 32 1,998 [99]
Armenia 6,661 81 3,064 [100]
Finland[ab] 6,579 307 4,800 [101]
Bolivia 5,915 240 609 [103]
Cameroon 4,890 165 1,865 [104][105]
Iraq 4,469 160 2,738
[106]
Azerbaijan[ac] 4,122 49 2,607 [107]
Luxembourg 3,992 110 3,767 [108]
Hungary 3,756 491 1,711 [109]
Honduras 3,743 174 455 [110]
Sudan 3,628 146 424 [111]
Guinea 3,275 20 1,673 [112]
Puerto Rico 3,189 127 850 [113][13]
Uzbekistan 3,164 13 2,565 [114]
Guatemala 3,054 55 244 [115]
Senegal 3,047 39 1,456 [116]
Thailand 3,040 56 2,921 [117]
Tajikistan 2,929 46 1,301 [118]
Greece 2,878 171 1,374 [119]
Bulgaria 2,427 130 840 [120]
Bosnia & Herzegovina 2,401 144 1,680 [121]
Ivory Coast 2,376 30 1,219 [122]
Djibouti 2,270 10 1,064 [123]
Croatia 2,244 99 2,027 [124]
DR Congo[ad] 2,140 62 312 [125]
North Macedonia 1,978 113 1,422 [126]
Cuba[ae] 1,941 82 1,689 [127]
Gabon 1,934 12 459 [128]
El Salvador 1,915 35 594 [129]
Estonia 1,823 64 1,532 [130]
Iceland 1,804 10 1,791 [131]
Lithuania 1,623 63 1,138 [132]
Somalia[af] 1,594 61 204 [133]
Slovakia 1,509 28 1,301 [134]
Slovenia 1,468 107 1,340 [135][136]
Kyrgyzstan 1,403 14 980 [137]
Maldives 1,371 4 144 [138]
Kenya 1,214 51 383 [139]
New Zealand[ag] 1,154 21 1,456 [140]
Sri Lanka 1,141 9 674 [141]
Venezuela 1,121 10 262 [142]
Guinea-Bissau 1,114 6 42 [143]
Lebanon 1,114 26 688 [144]
USS Theodore Roosevelt[ah] 1,102 1 53 [145]
Charles de Gaulle[ai] 1,081 0 0 [146]
Hong Kong 1,066 4 1,030 [150]
Tunisia 1,051 48 917 [151]
Latvia 1,047 22 712 [52][152]
Kosovo 1,032 29 785 [153]
Mali 1,030 65 597 [154]
Albania 998 32 789 [155]
Equatorial Guinea 960 11 165 [156]
Niger 945 61 783 [157]
Cyprus[aj] 935 17 594 [158]
Costa Rica 930 10 620 [159]
Zambia 920 7 336 [160]
Haiti 865 26 22 [161]
Paraguay 862 11 307 [162]
Burkina Faso 814 52 672 [163]
Uruguay[ak] 769 22 618 [164]
Andorra 762 51 653 [165]
Georgia[al] 730 12 522 [166]
Diamond Princess[t] 712 14 653 [70][167]
Jordan 708 9 471 [168]
Sierra Leone 707 40 241 [169][170]
Chad 675 60 215 [171]
San Marino 665 42 266 [172]
South Sudan 655 8 6 [173][174]
Malta 610 6 480 [175]
Central African Republic 604 1 22 [176][177]
Nepal 603 3 87 [178][179]
Ethiopia 582 5 152 [180]
Jamaica 550 9 200 [181]
Madagascar 527 2 142 [182]
Tanzania 509 21 183 [183][184]
Congo[am] 487 16 1347 [185][186]
Taiwan[an] 441 7 414 [188]
Palestine 423 3 357 [189]
Donetsk PR[ao] 385 10 102 [190]
Togo 381 12 141 [191]
Cape Verde 380 3 155 [192]
Luhansk PR[ao] 377 5 133 [193]
Isle of Man[ap] 336 24 303 [194]
Mauritius 334 10 322 [195]
Rwanda 327 0 237 [196][197]
Vietnam 325 0 267 [198]
Montenegro 324 9 315 [199]
Jersey 306 29 280 [200]
Nicaragua 279 17 199 [52][201]
São Tomé & Príncipe 269 8 4 [202][203]
Liberia 265 26 139 [204]
Guernsey 252 13 237 [205]
Eswatini 250 2 158 [206]
Mauritania 237 6 15 [207]
Yemen 222 42 10 [208]
Myanmar 201 6 122 [209]
Uganda 198 0 68 [210][211]
Mozambique 194 0 51 [212]
Benin 191 3 82 [213]
Faroe Islands 187 0 187 [214]
Somaliland[aq] 168 14 18 [215]
Guam[ah] 166 5 138 [13][216]
Gibraltar 154 0 147 [217]
Costa Atlantica 148 0 0 [218]
Brunei 141 1 137 [219][220]
Mongolia 141 0 32 [221]
Guyana 135 10 562 [222]
Bermuda 133 9 81 [223]
Cayman Islands 129 1 61 [224]
Greg Mortimer[ak] 128 0 No data [225]
Cambodia 124 0 122 [226]
Trinidad & Tobago 116 8 108 [227]
Northern Cyprus[ar] 108 4 104 [228]
Aruba 101 3 95 [229]
Bahamas 100 11 45 [230]
Monaco 98 4 90 [231]
Barbados 92 7 70 [232]
Comoros 87 1 21 [233]
Syria[as] 86 4 41 [234]
Malawi 83 4 33 [235]
Liechtenstein 82 1 55 [236][237]
Sint Maarten 77 15 59 [238]
Libya 75 3 39 [239]
Angola 69 4 18 [240]
U.S. Virgin Islands 69 6 61 [241]
French Polynesia 60 0 60 [242]
Zimbabwe 56 4 25 [243][244]
Macau 45 0 45 [245]
Burundi 42 1 20 [246]
Eritrea 39 0 39 [247]
Botswana 35 1 19 [248][249]
South Ossetia[at] 34 0 6 [250]
Artsakh[au] 33 0 8 [250]
Abkhazia[av] 25 1 3 [250]
The Gambia 25 1 13 [251]
Antigua & Barbuda 24 3 19 [252]
Bhutan 24 0 6 [253]
East Timor 24 0 24 [254]
Grenada 22 0 17 [255]
Northern Mariana Islands 22 2 13 [256]
Namibia 21 0 14 [257]
Laos 19 0 14 [258]
Belize 18 2 16 [259]
Fiji 18 0 15 [260]
New Caledonia 18 0 18 [261]
Saint Lucia 18 0 18 [262][263]
Saint Vincent[aw] 18 0 14 [264][265]
Curaçao 17 1 14 [266]
Dominica 16 0 16 [267]
Saint Kitts & Nevis 15 0 15 [268]
Falkland Islands 13 0 13 [269]
MS Zaandam[ax] 13 4 No data [272][273]
Coral Princess[ay] 12 2 No data [275]
Greenland 12 0 11 [276]
Turks & Caicos Islands 12 1 10 [277]
Vatican City 12 0 2 [278]
Montserrat 11 1 10 [279]
Seychelles 11 0 11 [280]
Suriname 11 1 9 [281]
British Virgin Islands 8 1 6 [282]
HNLMS Dolfijn[az] 8 0 No data [283]
Papua New Guinea 8 0 8 [286]
Anguilla 3 0 3 [287]
Saba 3 0 3 [288]
Bonaire 2 0 2 [289]
Lesotho 2 0 0 [290]
Sint Eustatius 2 0 2 [291]
Saint Pierre & Miquelon 1 0 1 [292]
As of 15 May 2020 (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
Notes
  1. ^ Close contact is defined as one metre (~3.3 feet) by the WHO[2] and ~1.8 metres (six feet) by the CDC.[3]
  2. ^ An uncovered cough can travel up to 8.2 metres (27 feet).[4]
  3. ^ Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
  4. ^ This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported.[6]
    The total number of cases may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values being updated for each location.
    Reporting criteria and testing capacity vary between countries.
  5. ^ Total deaths may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each location. Reporting criteria vary between countries.
  6. ^ Reported recoveries. May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Total recoveries may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each location.
  7. ^ United States
    1. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    2. Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands, all of which are listed separately.
    3. Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
    4. Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.[7]
    5. Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.[8][9][10]
    6. Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.[11]
    7. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
    8. There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts.[12] Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publicize case statistics.[11]
  8. ^ Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol.
    2. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  9. ^ United Kingdom
    1. Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
    2. As of 23 March 2020, the UK government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 22 March reported 135 recovered patients.[17]
  10. ^ Spain
    1. Excludes serology–confirmed cases.
  11. ^ Germany
    1. Not all state authorities count recoveries.[23]
    2. Recoveries include estimations by the Robert Koch Institute.[23][24]
  12. ^ France
    1. Including French overseas regions of French Guiana, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
    2. Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
    3. Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.[26]
    4. Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).[26]
  13. ^ China
    1. Excluding 396 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 24 May 2020.
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported before 31 March 2020.
    3. Excluding Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
    4. Does not include Taiwan.
  14. ^ Chile
    1. Including the special territory of Easter Island.
    2. On 29 April 2020, the Chilean government started to inform the number of asymptomatic confirmed cases, separated from the official number of confirmed cases.[34] Since 30 April, all confirmed cases (no matter their symptoms) are included in the official number.
    3. Chilean authorities define a person as "recovered" after 14 days since the detection of the virus because "they are no longer contagious".[35] Initially, patients who have died of coronavirus were counted as recovered, following the same criteria, according to Health Minister Jaime Mañalich;[36][37][38] however, this was changed later and Chilean reports inform the number of recovered separated from the deceased.[39]
  15. ^ Belgium
    1. The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.[43]
  16. ^ Netherlands
    1. All four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (i.e. the country of the Netherlands [in this table row], Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) and the special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius) are listed separately.
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.[46]
  17. ^ Ukraine
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol. Cases in these territories are included in the Russian total.
    2. Excluding cases from the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
  18. ^ Egypt
    1. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  19. ^ Israel
    1. Including cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
    2. Excluding cases from the State of Palestine.
  20. ^ a b Diamond Princess and Japan
    1. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  21. ^ Argentina
    1. Excluding confirmed cases on the claimed territory of the Falkland Islands. Since 11 April, the Argentine Ministry of Health includes them in their official reports.[77]
  22. ^ Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
  23. ^ Serbia
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed territory of Kosovo.
  24. ^ Norway
    1. Estimation of the number of infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[86]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[87]
  25. ^ Morocco
    1. Including cases in the disputed Western Sahara territory controlled by Morocco. There are no confirmed cases in the rest of Western Sahara.[94]
  26. ^ Australia
    1. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  27. ^ Moldova
    1. Including the disputed territory of Transnistria.
  28. ^ Finland
    1. Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease.[101] The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.[102]
  29. ^ Azerbaijan
    1. Excluding the self-declared state of Artsakh.
  30. ^ DR Congo
  31. ^ Cuba
    1. Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
    2. Excluding cases from Guantanamo Bay, which is governed by the United States.
  32. ^ Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland.
  33. ^ New Zealand
    1. Recovered figures include those from 350 probable but unconfirmed cases, for a total of 1,503 confirmed and probable cases.
  34. ^ a b Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
    1. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
  35. ^ Charles de Gaulle
    1. Including cases on the escort frigate Chevalier Paul.
    2. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's National Defense and Armed Forces Committee [fr] that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far.[146] Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.[147][148][149]
  36. ^ Cyprus
  37. ^ a b Greg Mortimer and Uruguay
    1. Although currently anchored off the coast of Uruguay, cases for the Greg Mortimer are currently reported separately. Six have been transferred inland for hospitalization.
  38. ^ Georgia
    1. Excluding the de facto states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  39. ^ Congo
    1. Also known as the Republic of the Congo and not to be confused with the DR Congo.
  40. ^ Taiwan
    1. Including cases from the ROCS Pan Shi.[187]
  41. ^ a b Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  42. ^ Isle of Man
    1. Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."[194]
  43. ^ Somaliland
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Somalia.
  44. ^ Northern Cyprus
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Cyprus.
  45. ^ Syria
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
  46. ^ South Ossetia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  47. ^ Artsakh
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Azerbaijan.
  48. ^ Abkhazia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  49. ^ Saint Vincent
    1. The sovereign state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  50. ^ MS Zaandam
    1. Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on March 26 off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.[270][271]
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  51. ^ Coral Princess
    1. The cruise ship Coral Princess has tested positive cases since early April 2020 and has since docked in Miami.[274]
    2. Coral Princess's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  52. ^ HNLMS Dolfijn
    1. All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.[283]
    2. It is unclear whether the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.[284][285]
    3. As RIVM does not report recoveries, and militaries are generally less transparent than most government agencies due to operations security concerns, it is assumed that no official report on recoveries is forthcoming.
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National responses

National responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. As of late April, there are 2.9 million cases of COVID-19 and over 203,800 deaths in 210 countries and territories around the world. The most affected countries in terms of confirmed cases being the United States, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Turkey and China. Read more...

Videos

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Economic impact

Movement of the DJIA between January 2017 and March 2020, showing the all-time high on 12 February, and the subsequent crash.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. The pandemic caused the largest global recession in history, with more than a third of the global population at the time being placed on lockdown.

Global stock markets fell on 24 February 2020 due to a significant rise in the number of COVID-19 cases outside mainland China. By 28 February 2020, stock markets worldwide saw their largest single-week declines since the 2008 financial crisis. Global stock markets crashed in March 2020, with falls of several percent in the world's major indices. As the pandemic spreads, global conferences and events across technology, fashion, and sports are being cancelled or postponed. While the monetary impact on the travel and trade industry is yet to be estimated, it is likely to be in the billions and increasing. Read more...

Workplace

Florida National Guard (49671493317).jpg

Workplace hazard controls for COVID-19 are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on a risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19.

OSHA considers healthcare and mortuary workers exposed to known or suspected person with COVID-19 to be at high exposure risk, which increases to very high exposure risk if workers perform aerosol-generating procedures on, or collect or handle specimens from, known or suspected person with COVID-19. Hazard controls appropriate for these workers include engineering controls such as negative pressure ventilation rooms, and personal protective equipment appropriate to the job task. Read more...

Misinformation

Fake medical advice, unproven treatments, state-sponsored narratives, and conspiracy theories abound..

The pandemic has resulted in conspiracy theories and misinformation about the scale of the pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media, including the tabloid media, conservative media, and state media of countries such as China, Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan. It has also been spread by state-backed covert operations to generate panic and sow distrust in other countries. In some countries, such as India, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Serbia, journalists have been arrested for allegedly spreading fake news about the pandemic. Read more...

Testing

COVID-19 testing can identify the SARS-CoV-2 virus and includes methods that detect the presence of the virus itself (RT-PCR, isothermal nucleic acid amplification, antigen) and those that detect antibodies produced in response to infection. Detection of antibodies (serological tests) can be used both for diagnosis and for population surveillance. Antibody tests show how many people have had the disease, including those whose symptoms were minor or who were asymptomatic, but may not find antibodies in someone with a current COVID-19 infection since antibodies may not show up for weeks. An accurate mortality rate of the disease and the level of herd immunity in the population can be determined from the results of this test. However, the duration and effectiveness of this immune response are still unclear. Read more...

Vaccine research

A COVID-19 vaccine is a hypothetical vaccine against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Although no vaccine has completed clinical trials, there are multiple attempts in progress to develop such a vaccine. In February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) said it did not expect a vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative virus, to become available in less than 18 months. The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) – which is organizing a US$2 billion worldwide fund for rapid investment and development of vaccine candidates – indicated in April that a vaccine may be available under emergency use protocols in less than 12 months or by early 2021. On 4 May 2020, the WHO organized a telethon to raise US$8 billion from forty countries to support rapid development of vaccines to prevent COVID-19 infections, also announcing deployment of an international "Solidarity trial" for simultaneous evaluation of several vaccine candidates reaching Phase II-III clinical trials. Read more...

Drug research

COVID‑19 drug development is the research process to develop a preventative vaccine or therapeutic prescription drug that would alleviate the severity of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Internationally during May 2020, several hundred drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were developing 159 vaccine candidates and 293 potential therapies for COVID‑19 disease in various stages of preclinical or clinical research. By late April, some 330 clinical trials were in progress worldwide to evaluate potential therapies against COVID-19. Read more...

Images

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Recent news

15 May 2020 – Economic impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Economy of the United States
The United States House passes a $3 trillion coronavirus relief package. The bill will head to the United States Senate. (NBC News)
14 May 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Save the Children reports a surge in deaths of people with coronavirus-like symptoms in Aden, with at least 380 in the last week. Officially, Yemen has only reported 13 COVID-19 deaths. (BBC)
12 May 2020 – China–Australia relations; Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on politics
China suspends imports of beef from four Australian abattoirs, saying that its customs agency "continuously" found violations of inspection and quarantine requirements. Foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says the suspension comes to "ensure the safety and health of Chinese consumers". This comes after the Australian government last month called for an independent inquiry into the origins of the novel coronavirus. (Reuters)
11 May 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
New coronavirus clusters are reported in Wuhan—where the virus first emerged—and the north-eastern province of Jilin, after confirming its first case since April 3. (BBC)
Wuhan plans to test all 11 million of their residents for the coronavirus. (Washington Post)
30 April 2020 – 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
2020 coronavirus pandemic in Yemen

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