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Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

Video summary (script)

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It was first identified in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and has since spread globally, resulting in an ongoing pandemic. As of 28 May 2020, more than 5.69 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 355,000 deaths. More than 2.34 million people have recovered.[1]


According to the World Health Organization, there are no available vaccines nor specific antiviral treatments for COVID-19. On 1 May 2020, the United States gave emergency use authorization to the antiviral remdesivir for people hospitalized with severe COVID‑19. Management involves the treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the COVID‑19 outbreak a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) on 30 January 2020 and a pandemic on 11 March 2020. Local transmission of the disease has occurred in most countries across all six WHO regions. Read more...
20200403 Flatten the curve animated GIF.gif

About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the strain of coronavirus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a respiratory illness. Colloquially known as the coronavirus, it was previously referred to by its provisional name, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). As described by the National Institutes of Health, it is the successor to SARS-CoV-1. SARS-CoV-2 is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus. It is contagious in humans, and the World Health Organization (WHO) has designated the ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. Read more...

About the spread and symptoms

Symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 4.0.svg

The virus is primarily spread between people during close contact,[a] most often via small droplets produced by coughing,[b] sneezing, and talking.[2][3][5] The droplets usually fall to the ground or onto surfaces rather than travelling through air over long distances.[2] Less commonly, people may become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their face.[2][3] It is most contagious during the first three days after the onset of symptoms, although spread is possible before symptoms appear, and from people who do not show symptoms.[2][3] Recommended preventive measures include hand washing, covering one's mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, wearing a face mask in public settings, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who suspect they are infected. Authorities worldwide have responded by implementing travel restrictions, lockdowns, workplace hazard controls, and facility closures. Many places have also worked to increase testing capacity and trace contacts of infected persons. Read more...

Disease progress

Locations[c] Cases[d] Deaths[e] Recov.[f] Ref.
229 5,690,182 355,575 2,349,598 [1]
United States[g] 1,734,794 101,700 371,846 [13]
Brazil 414,661 25,697 166,647 [14][15]
Russia[h] 370,680 3,968 142,208 [16]
United Kingdom[i] 267,240 37,460 No data [18][19]
Spain[j] 236,769 27,118 150,376 [20]
Italy 231,139 33,072 147,101 [21][22]
Germany[k] 181,895 8,529 162,727 [24][23]
Turkey 159,797 4,431 122,793 [25]
India 151,767 4,337 64,426 [26]
France[l] 145,746 28,596 66,584 [27]
Iran 141,591 7,564 111,176 [28]
Peru 135,905 3,983 56,169 [29][30]
Canada 87,519 6,765 46,164 [31]
China[m] 82,995 4,634 78,288 [32]
Chile[n] 82,289 841 33,540 [39]
Saudi Arabia 78,541 425 51,022 [40]
Mexico 78,023 8,597 54,383 [41][42]
Pakistan 59,151 1,225 19,142 [43]
Belgium[o] 57,592 9,364 15,465 [45]
Qatar 48,947 30 13,283 [46]
Netherlands[p] 45,768 5,871 No data [48]
Belarus 38,956 214 15,923 [49]
Bangladesh 38,292 544 7,925 [50]
Ecuador 38,103 3,275 3,700 [51]
Sweden 35,088 4,220 4,971 [52][53]
Singapore 32,876 23 17,276 [54][55]
United Arab Emirates 31,969 255 16,371 [56]
Portugal 31,292 1,356 18,349 [57]
Switzerland 30,776 1,649 28,200 [58][59]
Ireland 24,803 1,631 21,060 [60]
South Africa 24,264 524 12,741 [61]
Colombia 24,104 803 6,111 [62]
Indonesia 23,851 1,473 6,057 [63]
Kuwait 23,267 175 7,946 [64]
Poland 22,473 1,028 10,330 [52][65]
Ukraine[q] 21,905 658 7,995 [66]
Egypt[r] 19,666 816 5,205 [67]
Romania 18,594 1,227 12,162 [68]
Israel[s] 16,771 281 14,486 [69]
Japan[t] 16,662 862 13,810 [70][71]
Austria 16,514 645 15,228 [72][73]
Dominican Republic 15,723 474 8,790 [74]
Philippines 15,049 904 3,506 [75][76]
Argentina[u] 13,920 500 4,336 [78]
Afghanistan 12,456 227 1,138 [79]
Panama 11,728 315 7,379 [80]
Denmark[v] 11,480 565 10,106 [81]
Serbia[w] 11,275 240 6,277 [82]
South Korea 11,344 269 10,340 [83]
Bahrain 9,692 15 5,152 [84]
Kazakhstan 9,304 37 4,768 [85]
Czech Republic 9,086 317 6,370 [86]
Algeria 8,857 623 5,129 [87][88]
Nigeria 8,733 254 2,501 [89]
Norway[x] 8,401 236 7,727 [92]
Oman 8,373 38 2,177 [93]
Armenia 7,774 98 3,255 [94]
Malaysia 7,619 115 6,083 [95]
Morocco[y] 7,601 202 4,978 [97]
Moldova[z] 7,537 274 3,975 [98]
Ghana 7,303 34 2,3412 [99]
Bolivia 7,136 274 677 [100]
Australia[aa] 7,137 103 6,553 [101]
Finland[ab] 6,692 313 5,100 [102]
Cameroon 5,436 165 1,865 [104][105]
Iraq 5,135 175 2,904 [106]
Azerbaijan[ac] 4,568 54 2,8197 [107]
Honduras 4,401 188 493 [108]
Sudan 4,146 184 588 [109]
Guatemala 4,145 68 493 [110]
Luxembourg 4,001 110 3,791 [111]
Hungary 3,793 505 1,856 [112]
Puerto Rico 3,397 129 850 [113][13]
Uzbekistan 3,369 14 2,668 [114]
Tajikistan 3,424 47 1,575 [115]
Guinea 3,275 20 1,673 [116]
Senegal 3,253 39 1,586 [117]
Thailand 3,054 57 2,931 [118]
Greece 2,903 173 1,374 [119]
Djibouti 2,697 18 1,185 [120]
Ivory Coast 2,556 31 1,302 [121]
DR Congo[ad] 2,545 68 365 [122]
Bulgaria 2,460 133 912 [123]
Bosnia & Herzegovina 2,435 151 1,744 [124]
Gabon 2,319 14 631 [125]
Croatia 2,244 101 2,047 [126]
El Salvador 2,109 37 873 [127]
North Macedonia 2,039 119 1,470 [128]
Cuba[ae] 1,974 82 1,724 [129]
Estonia 1,840 66 1,561 [130]
Iceland 1,805 10 1,792 [131]
Somalia[af] 1,731 67 265 [132]
Lithuania 1,647 66 1,184 [133]
Kyrgyzstan 1,520 16 1043 [134]
Slovakia 1,515 28 1,327 [135]
Slovenia 1,471 108 1,354 [136][137]
Maldives 1,457 5 197 [138]
Kenya 1,471 55 408 [139]
Sri Lanka 1,469 10 732 [140]
Venezuela 1,245 11 302 [141]
Guinea-Bissau 1,195 7 42 [142]
Haiti 1,174 33 22 [143]
Lebanon 1,161 26 692 [144]
New Zealand[ag] 1,154 22 1,474 [145]
Mali 1,116 70 632 [146]
USS Theodore Roosevelt[ah] 1,102 1 53 [147]
Charles de Gaulle[ai] 1,081 0 0 [148]
Hong Kong 1,067 4 1,034 [152]
Latvia 1,057 23 741 [52][153]
Zambia 1,057 7 779 [154]
Tunisia 1,051 48 929 [155]
Albania 1,050 33 812 [156]
Kosovo 1,047 30 794 [157]
Equatorial Guinea 1,043 12 165 [158]
South Sudan 994 10 6 [159][160]
Costa Rica 984 10 639 [161]
Niger 952 63 796 [162]
Cyprus[aj] 939 17 594 [163]
Nepal 886 4 183 [164][165]
Paraguay 884 11 392 [166]
Burkina Faso 845 53 672 [167][168]
Uruguay[ak] 803 22 650 [169]
Sierra Leone 782 45 297 [170]
Andorra 763 51 676 [171]
Nicaragua 759 35 370 [52][172]
Georgia[al] 735 12 557 [173]
Ethiopia 731 6 181 [174]
Jordan 720 9 586 [175]
Chad 715 64 359 [176]
Diamond Princess[t] 712 14 653 [70][177]
Central African Republic 702 1 23 [178]
San Marino 667 42 294 [179]
Madagascar 612 2 151 [180]
Malta 612 7 491 [181]
Congo[am] 571 19 161 [182][183]
Jamaica 564 9 267 [184]
Tanzania 509 21 183 [185][186]
São Tomé & Príncipe 443 12 68 [187]
Taiwan[an] 441 7 416 [189]
Donetsk PR[ao] 435 14 108 [190]
Palestine 434 3 365 [191]
Togo 395 13 183 [192]
Cape Verde 390 4 155 [193]
Luhansk PR[ao] 384 6 184 [194]
Rwanda 346 0 245 [195][196]
Isle of Man[ap] 336 24 306 [197]
Mauritius 334 10 322 [198]
Vietnam 327 0 272 [199]
Montenegro 324 9 315 [200]
Jersey 308 29 284 [201]
Mauritania 292 16 15 [202]
Uganda 281 0 69 [203][204]
Eswatini 272 2 168 [205]
Liberia 266 27 144 [206]
Yemen 255 53 10 [207]
Guernsey 252 13 237 [208]
Mozambique 227 1 71 [209]
Somaliland[aq] 217 17 21 [210]
Benin 210 3 134 [211]
Myanmar 206 6 124 [212]
Faroe Islands 187 0 187 [213]
Guam[ah] 171 5 143 [13][214]
Gibraltar 157 0 147 [215]
Costa Atlantica 148 0 0 [216]
Mongolia 148 0 43 [217]
Brunei 141 1 137 [218][219]
Cayman Islands 140 1 67 [220]
Bermuda 139 9 91 [221]
Guyana 139 11 62 [222]
Zimbabwe 132 4 25 [223][224]
Greg Mortimer[ak] 128 1 No data [225][226]
Cambodia 124 0 122 [227]
Syria[ar] 121 4 41 [228]
Trinidad & Tobago 116 8 108 [229]
Northern Cyprus[as] 108 4 104 [230]
Aruba 101 3 97 [231]
Malawi 101 4 37 [232]
Bahamas 100 11 46 [233]
Libya 99 4 40 [234]
Monaco 98 4 90 [235]
Barbados 92 7 71 [236]
Comoros 87 1 21 [237]
Liechtenstein 82 1 55 [238][239]
Sint Maarten 77 15 60 [240]
Angola 73 4 18 [241]
U.S. Virgin Islands 69 6 61 [242]
French Polynesia 60 0 60 [243]
Macau 45 0 45 [244]
Burundi 42 1 20 [245]
Eritrea 39 0 39 [246]
Artsakh[at] 38 0 14 [247]
South Ossetia[au] 36 0 28 [247]
Botswana 35 1 20 [248][249]
Abkhazia[av] 28 1 15 [247]
Bhutan 28 0 6 [250]
The Gambia 25 1 13 [251]
Antigua & Barbuda 24 3 19 [252]
East Timor 24 0 24 [253]
Grenada 23 0 18 [254][255]
Namibia 22 0 14 [256]
Northern Mariana Islands 22 2 13 [257]
Laos 19 0 14 [258]
Belize 18 2 16 [259]
Curaçao 18 1 14 [260]
Fiji 18 0 15 [261]
New Caledonia 18 0 18 [262]
Saint Lucia 18 0 18 [263][264]
Saint Vincent[aw] 18 0 14 [265][266]
Dominica 16 0 16 [267]
Saint Kitts & Nevis 15 0 15 [268]
Falkland Islands 13 0 13 [269]
Greenland 13 0 11 [270]
MS Zaandam[ax] 13 4 No data [273][274]
Coral Princess[ay] 12 2 No data [276]
Suriname 12 1 9 [277]
Turks & Caicos Islands 12 1 10 [278]
Vatican City 12 0 2 [279]
Montserrat 11 1 10 [280]
Seychelles 11 0 11 [281]
British Virgin Islands 8 1 6 [282]
HNLMS Dolfijn[az] 8 0 No data [283]
Papua New Guinea 8 0 8 [286]
Anguilla 3 0 3 [287]
Saba 3 0 3 [288]
Bonaire 2 0 2 [289]
Lesotho 2 0 0 [290]
Sint Eustatius 2 0 2 [291]
Saint Pierre & Miquelon 1 0 1 [292]
As of 15 May 2020 (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
Notes
  1. ^ Close contact is defined as one metre (~3.3 feet) by the WHO[2] and ~1.8 metres (six feet) by the CDC.[3]
  2. ^ An uncovered cough can travel up to 8.2 metres (27 feet).[4]
  3. ^ Locations. Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
  4. ^ Cases. This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported.[6] Reporting criteria and testing capacity vary between countries.
    The total number of cases may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values being updated for each location.
  5. ^ Deaths. Reporting criteria vary between countries.
    The total number of deaths may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values being updated for each location.
  6. ^ Recoveries. May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Reporting criteria vary between countries.
    The total number of recoveries may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values being updated for each location.
  7. ^ United States
    1. Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
    2. Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands, all of which are listed separately.
    3. Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
    4. Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.[7]
    5. Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.[8][9][10]
    6. Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.[11]
    7. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
    8. There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts.[12] Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publicize case statistics.[11]
  8. ^ Russia
    1. Including cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol.
    2. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance".
  9. ^ United Kingdom
    1. Excluding all British Overseas Territories and Crown dependencies.
    2. As of 23 March 2020, the UK government does not publish the number of recoveries. The last update on 22 March reported 135 recovered patients.[17]
  10. ^ Spain
    1. Excludes serology–confirmed cases.
  11. ^ Germany
    1. Not all state authorities count recoveries.[23]
    2. Recoveries include estimations by the Robert Koch Institute.[23][24]
  12. ^ France
    1. Including French overseas regions of French Guiana, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
    2. Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
    3. Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.[27]
    4. Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).[27]
  13. ^ China
    1. Excluding 413 asymptomatic cases under medical observation as of 27 May 2020.
    2. Asymptomatic cases were not reported before 31 March 2020.
    3. Excluding Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
    4. Does not include Taiwan.
  14. ^ Chile
    1. Including the special territory of Easter Island.
    2. On 29 April 2020, the Chilean government started to inform the number of asymptomatic confirmed cases, separated from the official number of confirmed cases.[33] Since 30 April, all confirmed cases (no matter their symptoms) are included in the official number.
    3. Chilean authorities define a person as "recovered" after 14 days since the detection of the virus because "they are no longer contagious".[34] Initially, patients who have died of coronavirus were counted as recovered, following the same criteria, according to Health Minister Jaime Mañalich;[35][36][37] however, this was changed later and Chilean reports inform the number of recovered separated from the deceased.[38]
  15. ^ Belgium
    1. The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.[44]
  16. ^ Netherlands
    1. All four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (i.e. the country of the Netherlands [in this table row], Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) and the special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius) are listed separately.
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.[47]
  17. ^ Ukraine
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea and Sevastopol. Cases in these territories are included in the Russian total.
    2. Excluding cases from the unrecognized Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics.
  18. ^ Egypt
    1. Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  19. ^ Israel
    1. Including cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
    2. Excluding cases from the State of Palestine.
  20. ^ a b Diamond Princess and Japan
    1. The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  21. ^ Argentina
    1. Excluding confirmed cases on the claimed territory of the Falkland Islands. Since 11 April, the Argentine Ministry of Health includes them in their official reports.[77]
  22. ^ Denmark
    1. The autonomous territories of the Faroe Islands and Greenland are listed separately.
  23. ^ Serbia
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed territory of Kosovo.
  24. ^ Norway
    1. Estimation of the number of infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[90]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[91]
  25. ^ Morocco
    1. Including cases in the disputed Western Sahara territory controlled by Morocco. There are no confirmed cases in the rest of Western Sahara.[96]
  26. ^ Moldova
    1. Including the disputed territory of Transnistria.
  27. ^ Australia
    1. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  28. ^ Finland
    1. Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
    2. The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease.[102] The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.[103]
  29. ^ Azerbaijan
    1. Excluding the self-declared state of Artsakh.
  30. ^ DR Congo
  31. ^ Cuba
    1. Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
    2. Excluding cases from Guantanamo Bay, which is governed by the United States.
  32. ^ Somalia
    1. Excluding the de facto state of Somaliland.
  33. ^ New Zealand
    1. Recovered figures include those from 350 probable but unconfirmed cases, for a total of 1,503 confirmed and probable cases.
  34. ^ a b Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
    1. Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
  35. ^ Charles de Gaulle
    1. Including cases on the escort frigate Chevalier Paul.
    2. Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's National Defense and Armed Forces Committee [fr] that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far.[148] Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.[149][150][151]
  36. ^ Cyprus
  37. ^ a b Greg Mortimer and Uruguay
    1. Although currently anchored off the coast of Uruguay, cases for the Greg Mortimer are currently reported separately. Six have been transferred inland for hospitalization.
  38. ^ Georgia
    1. Excluding the de facto states of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  39. ^ Congo
    1. Also known as the Republic of the Congo and not to be confused with the DR Congo.
  40. ^ Taiwan
    1. Including cases from the ROCS Pan Shi.[188]
  41. ^ a b Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
    1. Note that these territories are distinct from the Ukraine-administered regions of the Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  42. ^ Isle of Man
    1. Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."[197]
  43. ^ Somaliland
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Somalia.
  44. ^ Syria
    1. Excluding cases from the disputed Golan Heights.
  45. ^ Northern Cyprus
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Cyprus.
  46. ^ Artsakh
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Azerbaijan.
  47. ^ South Ossetia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  48. ^ Abkhazia
    1. Cases from this de facto state are not counted by Georgia.
  49. ^ Saint Vincent
    1. The sovereign state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
  50. ^ MS Zaandam
    1. Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
    2. The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on 26 March off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.[271][272]
    3. MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  51. ^ Coral Princess
    1. The cruise ship Coral Princess has tested positive cases since early April 2020 and has since docked in Miami.[275]
    2. Coral Princess's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
  52. ^ HNLMS Dolfijn
    1. All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.[283]
    2. It is unclear whether the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.[284][285]
    3. As RIVM does not report recoveries, and militaries are generally less transparent than most government agencies due to operations security concerns, it is assumed that no official report on recoveries is forthcoming.
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National responses

National responses to the COVID-19 pandemic have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. As of 28 May 2020, more than 5.69 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 355,000 deaths. More than 2.34 million people have recovered from the virus.[1] The most affected countries in terms of confirmed cases are the United States, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Turkey and China. Read more...

Videos

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Economic impact

Movement of the DJIA between January 2017 and March 2020, showing the all-time high on 12 February, and the subsequent crash.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the spread of the disease itself and efforts to quarantine it. As the SARS-CoV-2 virus has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector. The pandemic caused the largest global recession in history, with more than a third of the global population at the time being placed on lockdown.

Global stock markets fell on 24 February 2020 due to a significant rise in the number of COVID-19 cases outside mainland China. By 28 February 2020, stock markets worldwide saw their largest single-week declines since the 2008 financial crisis. Global stock markets crashed in March 2020, with falls of several percent in the world's major indices. As the pandemic spreads, global conferences and events across technology, fashion, and sports are being cancelled or postponed. While the monetary impact on the travel and trade industry is yet to be estimated, it is likely to be in the billions and increasing. Read more...

Workplace

Florida National Guard (49671493317).jpg

Workplace hazard controls for COVID-19 are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on a risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19.

OSHA considers healthcare and mortuary workers exposed to known or suspected person with COVID-19 to be at high exposure risk, which increases to very high exposure risk if workers perform aerosol-generating procedures on, or collect or handle specimens from, known or suspected person with COVID-19. Hazard controls appropriate for these workers include engineering controls such as negative pressure ventilation rooms, and personal protective equipment appropriate to the job task. Read more...

Misinformation

Fake medical advice, unproven treatments, state-sponsored narratives, and conspiracy theories abound..

The pandemic has resulted in misinformation and conspiracy theories about the scale of the pandemic and the origin, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. False information, including intentional disinformation, has been spread through social media, text messaging, and mass media, including the tabloid media, conservative media, and state media of countries such as China, Russia, Iran, and Turkmenistan. It has also been spread by state-backed covert operations to generate panic and sow distrust in other countries. In some countries, such as India, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia, journalists have been arrested for allegedly spreading fake news about the pandemic. Read more...

Testing

COVID-19 testing can identify the SARS-CoV-2 virus and includes methods that detect the presence of the virus itself (RT-PCR, isothermal nucleic acid amplification, antigen) and those that detect antibodies produced in response to infection. Detection of antibodies (serological tests) can be used both for diagnosis and for population surveillance. Antibody tests show how many people have had the disease, including those whose symptoms were minor or who were asymptomatic, but may not find antibodies in someone with a current COVID-19 infection since antibodies may not show up for weeks. An accurate mortality rate of the disease and the level of herd immunity in the population can be determined from the results of this test. However, the duration and effectiveness of this immune response are still unclear. Read more...

Vaccine research

A COVID-19 vaccine is a hypothetical vaccine against coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Although no vaccine has completed clinical trials, there are multiple attempts in progress to develop such a vaccine. In February 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) said it did not expect a vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the causative virus, to become available in less than 18 months. Previous attempts to develop a vaccine against the coronavirus diseases, SARS and MERS, established considerable knowledge about the structure and function of coronaviruses – which accelerated rapid development during early 2020 of varied technology platforms for a COVID-19 vaccine – but all the previous coronavirus vaccine candidates failed in early-stage clinical trials, with none being advanced to licensing. Read more...

Drug research

COVID‑19 drug development is the research process to develop a preventative vaccine or therapeutic prescription drug that would alleviate the severity of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‑19). Internationally during May 2020, several hundred drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were developing 159 vaccine candidates and 293 potential therapies for COVID‑19 disease in various stages of preclinical or clinical research. By late April, some 330 clinical trials were in progress worldwide to evaluate potential therapies against COVID-19. Read more...

Images

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Recent news

15 May 2020 – Economic impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, Economy of the United States
The United States House passes a $3 trillion coronavirus relief package. The bill will head to the United States Senate. (NBC News)
14 May 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
Save the Children reports a surge in deaths of people with coronavirus-like symptoms in Aden, with at least 380 in the last week. Officially, Yemen has only reported 13 COVID-19 deaths. (BBC)
12 May 2020 – China–Australia relations; Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on politics
China suspends imports of beef from four Australian abattoirs, saying that its customs agency "continuously" found violations of inspection and quarantine requirements. Foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian says the suspension comes to "ensure the safety and health of Chinese consumers". This comes after the Australian government last month called for an independent inquiry into the origins of the novel coronavirus. (Reuters)
11 May 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
New coronavirus clusters are reported in Wuhan—where the virus first emerged—and the north-eastern province of Jilin, after confirming its first case since April 3. (BBC)
Wuhan plans to test all 11 million of their residents for the coronavirus. (Washington Post)
30 April 2020 – 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
2020 coronavirus pandemic in Yemen

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