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Portal:Cricket

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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a field at the centre of which is a 22-yard (20-metre) pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two bails balanced on three stumps. The batting side scores runs by striking the ball bowled at the wicket with the bat (and running between the wickets), while the bowling and fielding side tries to prevent this (by preventing the ball from leaving the field, and getting the ball to either wicket) and dismiss each batter (so they are "out"). Means of dismissal include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and dislodges the bails, and by the fielding side either catching the ball after it is hit by the bat, but before it hits the ground, or hitting a wicket with the ball before a batter can cross the crease in front of the wicket. When ten batters have been dismissed, the innings ends and the teams swap roles. The game is adjudicated by two umpires, aided by a third umpire and match referee in international matches. They communicate with two off-field scorers who record the match's statistical information.

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Bernard Bosanquet

Bernard James Tindal Bosanquet (13 October 1877 – 12 October 1936) was an English cricketer best known for inventing the googly, a delivery designed to deceive the batsman. When bowled, it appears to be a leg break, but after pitching the ball turns in the opposite direction to that which is expected, behaving as an off break instead. Bosanquet, who played first-class cricket for Middlesex between 1898 and 1919, appeared in seven Test matches for England as an all-rounder. He was chosen as a Wisden Cricketer of the Year in 1905.

Bosanquet played cricket for Eton College from 1891 to 1896, before gaining his Blue at Oriel College, Oxford. He was a moderately successful batsman who bowled at fast-medium pace for Oxford University between 1898 and 1900. As a student, he made several appearances for Middlesex and achieved a regular place in the county side as an amateur. While playing a tabletop game, Bosanquet devised a new technique for delivering a ball, later named the "googly", which he practised during his time at Oxford. He first used it in cricket matches around 1900, abandoning his faster style of bowling, but it was not until 1903, when he had a successful season with the ball, that his new delivery began to attract attention. Having gone on several minor overseas tours, Bosanquet was selected in 1903–04 for the fully representative Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) tour of Australia. During that tour, he made his Test debut for England and although he largely failed as a batsman, he performed well as a bowler and troubled all the opposing batsmen with his googly.

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A terracotta urn with two brass plaques on it sits on a wooden base. The urn is on display, with the glass surround and other exhibits visible in the background.

The Ashes is a Test cricket series played between England and Australia. The series have varied in length, consisting of between one and seven Test matches, but since 1998 have been consistently five matches. It is one of sport's most celebrated rivalries and dates back to 1882. It is generally played biennially, alternating between the United Kingdom and Australia. Australia are the current holders of the Ashes, having been the incumbent holders, after drawing the 2019 series 2–2.

Although the first Test series played between England and Australia was in the 1876–77 season, the Ashes originated from the solitary Test which the two nations contested in 1882. England lost the match, played at The Oval, and a mock obituary was posted in The Sporting Times, declaring the death of English cricket. It stated that: "The body will be cremated and the ashes taken to Australia." The Honourable Ivo Bligh adopted the term and, as captain of the English party that travelled to Australia the following winter, promised to bring the "Ashes" home. Read more...


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Cricketer bowled.jpg

A batsman is bowled.
Image credit: Lemonlolly


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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one inning per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one inning per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 26 3,028 116
2  New Zealand 21 2,406 115
3  India 27 3,085 114
4  England 41 4,326 106
5  Sri Lanka 27 2,454 91
6  South Africa 23 2,076 90
7  Pakistan 20 1,692 85
8  West Indies 22 1,742 79
9  Afghanistan 3 170 57
10  Bangladesh 17 939 55
11  Zimbabwe 8 144 18
12  Ireland 0 0 0
Reference: Cricinfo rankings page, ICC Rankings, 25 August 2020
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 44 5,405 123
2  India 49 5,819 119
3  New Zealand 32 3,716 116
4  Australia 36 3,941 109
5  South Africa 31 3,385 108
6  Pakistan 32 3,254 102
7  Bangladesh 34 2,989 88
8  Sri Lanka 39 3,297 85
9  West Indies 43 3,285 76
10  Afghanistan 28 1,549 55
11  Ireland 24 1256 52
12  Netherlands 5 222 44
13  Oman 12 479 40
14  Zimbabwe 24 935 39
15  Scotland 16 419 26
16    Nepal 9 161 18
17  United Arab Emirates 15 259 17
18  Namibia 9 152 17
19  United States 14 185 13
20  Papua New Guinea 14 0 0
Reference: Cricinfo Rankings page,ICC ODI rankings 16 September 2020
Matches is the number of matches played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that. See points calculations for more details.
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Australia 22 6,047 275
2  England 22 5,959 271
3  India 35 9,319 266
4  Pakistan 23 6,009 261
5  South Africa 17 4,380 258
6  New Zealand 23 5,565 242
7  Sri Lanka 23 5,293 230
8  Bangladesh 20 4,583 229
9  West Indies 24 5,499 229
10  Afghanistan 17 3,882 228
11  Zimbabwe 18 3,442 191
12  Ireland 29 5,513 190
13  United Arab Emirates 23 4,288 186
14  Scotland 17 3,096 182
15    Nepal 23 4,148 180
16  Papua New Guinea 21 3,769 179
17  Netherlands 26 4,618 178
18  Oman 18 3,169 176
19  Namibia 19 2,980 157
20  Singapore 20 2,835 142
21  Canada 15 1,956 130
22  Qatar 23 2,982 130
23  Hong Kong 23 2,727 119
24  Kenya 12 1,389 116
25  Jersey 21 2,423 115
26  Kuwait 16 1,765 110
27  Italy 10 1,10 110
28  Saudi Arabia 9 965 107
29  Denmark 10 975 98
30  Bermuda 13 1,202 92
31  Uganda 11 985 90
32  Malaysia 29 2,557 88
33  Germany 15 1,304 87
34  United States 11 868 79
35  Ghana 10 773 77
36  Guernsey 13 935 72
37  Botswana 13 934 72
38  Austria 8 553 69
39  Nigeria 16 1,065 67
40  Romania 6 399 67
41  Norway 8 499 62
42  Spain 13 766 59
43  Sweden 3 168 56
44  Tanzania 3 167 56
45  Cayman Islands 8 430 54
46  Argentina 12 610 51
47  Belgium 10 499 50
48  Philippines 5 241 48
49  Bahrain 9 424 47
50  Vanuatu 15 704 49
51  Belize 5 209 42
52  Hungary 4 162 41
53  Malawi 12 476 40
54  Fiji 3 105 35
55  Peru 9 294 33
56  Panama 5 162 32
57  Japan 4 126 32
58  Costa Rica 4 126 32
59  Samoa 7 216 31
60  Czech Republic 16 478 30
61  Mexico 11 320 29
62  Luxembourg 12 301 25
63  Portugal 7 173 25
64  Finland 9 204 23
65  Thailand 14 297 21
66  Isle of Man 4 79 20
67  South Korea 4 78 20
68  Malta 10 166 17
69  Bulgaria 7 114 16
70  Mozambique 12 173 14
71  Brazil 9 123 14
72  Bhutan 7 88 13
73  Sierra Leone 5 61 12
74  Maldives 14 138 10
75  Chile 9 85 9
76  Saint Helena 6 55 9
77  Indonesia 4 19 5
78  Myanmar 6 23 4
79  Gibraltar 7 0 0
80  Gambia 6 0 0
81  China 6 0 0
82  Turkey 5 0 0
83  Eswatini 3 0 0
84  Rwanda 3 0 0
85  Lesotho 3 0 0
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women ICC page, 24 September 2020
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.

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