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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit). Each phase of play is called an innings, during which one team bats, attempting to score as many runs as possible, whilst their opponents bowl and field, attempting to minimise the number of runs scored. When each innings ends, the teams usually swap roles for the next innings (i.e. the team that previously batted will bowl/field, and vice versa). The teams each bat for one or two innings, depending on the type of match. The winning team is the one that scores the most runs, including any extras gained. The nature of the game allows for certain results when neither team wins; a draw where a timed match has been completed with the team batting last still batting, even though one team has at that point scored more runs; a tie where both teams have scored exactly the same number of runs when the team batting last has completed its innings; and a no result where little or no play has been possible because of climatic or other conditions (usually rain or bad light ending play before the allotted balls have been completed).

There are various formats ranging from Twenty20, played over a few hours with each team batting for a single innings of 20 overs (i.e. 120 deliveries), to Test matches, played over five days with unlimited overs and the teams each batting for two innings of unlimited length. Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, which is a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a slightly raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core which is layered with tightly wound string.

Historically, cricket's origins are uncertain and the earliest definite reference is in south-east England in the middle of the 16th century. It spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The game's governing body is the International Cricket Council (ICC), which has over 100 members, twelve of which are full members who play Test matches. The game's rules are held in a code called the Laws of Cricket which is owned and maintained by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London.

The sport is followed primarily in Australasia, the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Indian subcontinent, southern Africa and the West Indies. Women's cricket, which is organised and played separately, has also achieved international standard. The most successful side playing international cricket is Australia, having won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other country, and having been the top-rated Test side more than any other country.

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Douglas Jardine in 1932

Douglas Robert Jardine (23 October 1900 – 18 June 1958) was a cricketer who played 22 Test matches for England, captaining the side in 15 of those matches between 1931 and 1934. A right-handed batsman, he is best known for captaining the English team during the 1932–33 Ashes tour of Australia. During that series, England employed "Bodyline" tactics against the Australian batsmen, wherein bowlers pitched the ball short on the line of leg stump to rise towards the bodies of the batsmen in a manner that most contemporary players and critics viewed as intimidatory and physically dangerous. Jardine was the person responsible for the implementation of Bodyline. A controversial figure among cricketers, he was well known for his dislike of Australian players and crowds and was unpopular in Australia, particularly for his manner and especially after the Bodyline tour. Many who played under his leadership regarded him as an excellent captain; not all regarded him as good at managing people. He was also famous in cricket circles for wearing a multi-coloured Harlequin cap.

After establishing an early reputation as a prolific schoolboy batsman, Jardine played cricket for Winchester College, attended the University of Oxford, playing for its cricket team, and played for Surrey County Cricket Club as an amateur. He developed a defensive method of batting which was unusual for an amateur, receiving occasional criticism for negative batting. Despite this, Jardine was selected in Test matches for the first time in 1928, and went on to play with some success in the Test series in Australia in 1928–29. Following this tour, his business commitments prevented him from playing as much cricket. However, in 1931, he was asked to captain England in a Test against New Zealand. Although there were some initial misgivings about his captaincy, Jardine led England in the next three cricket seasons and on two overseas tours, one of which was the Australian tour of 1932–33. Of his 15 Tests as captain, he won nine, lost one and drew five. He retired from all first-class cricket in 1934 following a tour to India.

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The 2007 Cricket World Cup warm-up matches were held prior to the 2007 Cricket World Cup, between March 5 and March 9, 2007. All 16 nations that were qualified to take part in the World Cup participated in a series of matches to prepare, experiment with different tactics and to help them acclimatise to conditions in the West Indies. The warm-up matches were not classified as One Day Internationals by the International Cricket Council (ICC), despite sharing some of main features of this form of cricket, but some of the playing regulations were different from standard internationals in order to allow teams to experiment. For example, the main change allowed for thirteen different players to play in a match – nine players being allowed to both bat and bowl, with two only being able to bowl and two only being able to bat – instead of the eleven players normally allowed.

Several of the teams voiced concerns of various matters involving the stadia and practicing facilities: many of the stadiums were considered incomplete, whilst some teams claimed that the pitches were uneven, resulting in an unsafe experience to be batting in. Ultimately none of the stadia used in the warm-up games were used in any other part of the tournament except for the Greenfield Stadium in Trelawny, Jamaica, which hosted the opening ceremony but no matches. Read more...

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ICC CWC 2007 team captains.jpg

The captains of the sixteen countries of the 2007 Cricket World Cup assemble together.
Photo credit: caribbeancricket

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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 29 3,634 125
2  South Africa 32 3,589 112
3  Australia 33 3,499 106
4  New Zealand 23 2,354 102
5  England 39 3,772 97
6  Sri Lanka 31 2,914 94
7  Pakistan 21 1,853 88
8  Bangladesh 16 1,202 75
9  West Indies 22 1,484 67
10  Zimbabwe 8 12 2
 Ireland* 1 0 0
 Afghanistan* 1 0 0
*Countries that have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking
Reference: ICC Rankings, 15 June 2018
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 45 5,599 124
2  India 45 5,492 122
3  South Africa 34 3,842 113
4  New Zealand 41 4,602 112
5  Pakistan 32 3,279 102
6  Australia 34 3,474 102
7  Bangladesh 24 2,220 93
8  Sri Lanka 43 3,302 77
9  West Indies 29 1,989 69
10  Afghanistan 28 1,758 63
11  Zimbabwe 37 2,021 55
12  Ireland 20 766 38
13  Scotland 16 535 33
14  United Arab Emirates 13 236 18
 Netherlands* 4 50 13
   Nepal* 4 0 0
*Netherlands and Nepal have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking; eight matches are needed to qualify.
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
Reference: ICC Rankings, 16 June 2018
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 25 3,270 131
2  Australia 15 1,894 126
3  India 32 3,932 123
4  New Zealand 22 2,542 116
5  England 17 1,951 115
6  South Africa 18 2,058 114
7  West Indies 18 2,048 114
8  Afghanistan 25 2,287 91
9  Sri Lanka 27 2,287 85
10  Bangladesh 24 1,686 70
11  Netherlands 10 584 58
12  Zimbabwe 14 817 58
13  Scotland 13 715 55
14  United Arab Emirates 12 608 51
15  Hong Kong 10 420 42
16  Oman 7 270 39
17  Ireland 15 538 36
   Nepal* 4 105 26
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women, 17 June 2018
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
*Nepal have not played enough matches to have an official ranking


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