Welcome to the Croatian Portal!
Dobro došli na hrvatski portal!
Croatia (; Croatian: Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia, is a crescent-shaped country at the crossroads of Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital and largest city is Zagreb. The country is divided into 20 counties and the city of Zagreb. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres (21,851 square miles) and has diverse, mostly continental and Mediterranean climates. Croatia's Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The country's population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, with the most common religious denomination being Roman Catholicism.
In recent history, it was a founding member and a federal constituent of SFR Yugoslavia, a socialist state. In June 1991, Croatia declared independence, which came into effect on 8 October of the same year. The Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration. Following independence, Croatia became a member of the European Union, United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean.
Dubrovnik (Italian: Ragusa, Croatian: Dubrovnik, ˈdǔ.bro̞ːʋ.nik) is a historic city on the Adriatic Sea coast in the extreme south of Croatia, positioned at 42°39′N 18°04′E / 42.650°N 18.067°E. It is one of the most prominent tourist resorts, a seaport and the center of the Dubrovnik–Neretva county. Its population was 43,770 in 1991 and 49,728 in 2001. in 2001 the absolute majority of its citizens declared themselves as Croats with 88.39% (2001 census). Dubrovnik is nicknamed "Pearl of the Adria".
The prosperity of the city of Dubrovnik has always been based on maritime trade. In the Middle Ages, as the Republic of Ragusa, it became the only eastern Adriatic city-state to rival Venice. Supported by its wealth and skilled diplomacy, the city achieved a remarkable level of development, particularly during the 15th and 16th centuries. Ragusa was one of the centers of the development of the Croatian language and literature, home to many notable poets, playwrights, painters, mathematicians, physicists and other scholars.
- ...the word "cravat" comes from the French cravate, this is a corruption of "Croat" — Croatian "Hrvat"?
- ...that Croatian vernacular names of marine algae are the most numerous within Europe, their richness being subequal to the maximal one for Japanese algae in the rest of the world?
- ...that Nikola Tesla was born in the village of Smiljan in Croatia.
- ...that the first Croatian king Tomislav elevated Croatia into kingdom in 925 C.E.
- ...that Nikola Šubić Zrinski, Croatian nobleman and general in service of Habsburg Monarchy, ban of Croatia heroically defended the little fortress of Szigetvár with 2300 soldiers, against the whole Ottoman host (102,000 soldiers), led by Suleiman the Magnificent in person. The Battle of Szigetvár ended with Zrinski perishing with every member of the garrison in a last desperate sortie.
- ...that David Švarc, Croatian aviation pioneer of Jewish descent, created the first flyable rigid airship, which was also the first airship with an external hull made entirely of metal. He died before he could see it finally flown. Count Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin purchased Schwarz's airship patent from his widow, a claim which has been disputed.
Croatian saints and the beatified
Miroslav Krleža (July 7, 1893 - December 29, 1981) was a Croatian writer and a figure in cultural life of both Yugoslav states, the monarchist one (1918-1941) and the Communist one (1945 - until his death in 1981).
Krleža has remained generally unknown despite his literary achievements. Croatian critics consider that this can be attributed to Krleža being Croatian, with Croatia being small and insignificant in more than just the geographical sense in the eyes of some, and, in part, to his political views which were often at odds with the authorities.
Miroslav Krleža was born in Croatia's capital Zagreb. He entered a preparatory military school in Pécs, Hungary (at that time Croatia was a part of Austro-Hungarian Empire) and, subsequently, Ludiviceum military academy at Budapest. He defected for Serbia in 1912 as a volunteer for the Serbian army, but was dismissed as a suspected spy. Upon his return to Croatia he was demoted in Austro-Hungarian army and sent as a common soldier to the Eastern front in the World War I. In the post-WWI period Krleža has established himself both as a major modernist writer and politically controversial figure in Yugoslavia, a newly created country which encompassed South Slavic lands of former Habsburg Empire and kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro.
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