Portal:Cultural Heritage of Serbia/Selected article

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Monastery Manasija - Serbia.JPG

Manasija (Serbian Cyrillic: Манасија), also known as Resava (Serbian Cyrillic: Ресава), is a Serb Orthodox monastery near Despotovac, Serbia, founded by Despot Stefan Lazarević between 1406 and 1418. It is one of the most significant monuments of medieval Serbian culture and it belongs to the "Morava school". Immediately following its foundation, the monastery became the cultural centre of the Serbian Despotate. Its Resava school was well known for its manuscripts and translations throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, even after the fall of the Despotate to the Ottoman Turks. Manasija complex was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Learn more...

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Memorial Park Bubanj (Serbian Cyrillic: Мемориjални парк Бубањ, Спомен парк Бубањ; Serbian latin: Memorijalni park Bubanj, Spomen park Bubanj) is a World War II memorial complex built to commemorate the shooting and execution of more than 10,000 citizens of Niš and people from Serbia and other parts of the country, but according to some data, over 12,000 people, and it is located in Palilula municipality of Niš, Serbia. Bubanj Memorial Park was declared a Historic Landmark of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by the Republic of Serbia. Learn more...

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The Skull Tower (error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help), Turkish: Kelle Kulesi) is a monument to 19th century Serbian rebels. It is situated in Niš, on the old Constantinople road leading to Sofia. The tower was built with the skulls of the Serbs killed during the 1809 Battle of Čegar by the order of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II.

On May 31, 1809 on Čegar Hill a few kilometers northeast of Niš, Serbian insurrectionists suffered their greatest defeat in the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire (1804-1813). The insurrectionists' advance towards Niš was stopped here and, when the far stronger Turkish forces attacked, the battle was ended by the Serbian commander Stevan Sinđelić, who sacrificially fired at his gunpowder depot in order to avoid surrendering to the Turks, killing himself, the rest of his men, and the advancing Turks.

After the retreat of the Serbian rebel army, the Turkish commander of Niš, Hursid Pasha, ordered that the heads of the killed Serbs were to be mounted on a tower to serve as a warning to whoever opposed the Ottoman Empire. In all, 952 skulls were included, with the skull of Sinđelić placed at the top. The scalps from the skulls were stuffed with cotton and sent to Constantinople (modern Istanbul) as proof for Sultan Mahmud II. Learn more...

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The Church of St. Apostles Peter and Paul (Serbian: Црква светих апостола Петра и Павла/ Crkva svetih apostola Petra i Pavla) or Church of Peter (Serbian: Петрова црква/ Petrova crkva) is a Serbian Orthodox church on a hill of Stari Ras, the medieval capital of Rascia (Serbia), near Novi Pazar, Serbia. It is the oldest church in Serbia. It is dedicated to Saint Peter and Paul.

A 5th century BC princely grave (with regalia, robes, gold-silver jewelry, masks, beads, Attic pottery) of Greco-Illyrian type was excavated beneath the floor of the church in 1957-1958. Greek sculptures dating to 7th and 6th century BC as well as Black-figure pottery have been unearthed. Later Roman and medieval Slavic tombs surround the church.

The church was declared a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Serbia. Learn more...

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Prince Michael Street (Serbian: Улица кнез Михаилова; Ulica knez Mihailova) is the main walking street in Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is a pedestrian zone and shopping center, protected by law as one of the oldest and most valuable landmarks of the city. The street is home to Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts (SANU), Instituto Cervantes, Goethe-Institut, Centre Culturel Français, British Council (moved to Terazije) as well as many other leading shops and several cafes. It has a large number of impressive buildings and mansions built at the end of the 1870s. Prince Michael Street was declared Spatial Cultural-Historical Units of Great Importance in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia. Learn more...

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