Portal:Design

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D e s i g n

A design is a plan or specification for the construction of an object or system or for the implementation of an activity or process, or the result of that plan or specification in the form of a prototype, product or process. The verb to design expresses the process of developing a design. In some cases, the direct construction of an object without an explicit prior plan (such as in craftwork, some engineering, coding, and graphic design) may also be considered to be a design activity. A design usually has to satisfy certain goals and constraints, may take into account aesthetic, functional, economic, or socio-political considerations, and is expected to interact with a certain environment. Major examples of designs include architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns.

The person who produces a design is called a designer, which is a term generally used for people who work professionally in one of the various design areas - usually specifying which area is being dealt with (such as a textile designer, fashion designer, product designer, concept designer, web designer (website designer) or interior designer), but also others such as architects and engineers. A designer's sequence of activities is called a design process, possibly using design methods. The process of creating a design can be brief (a quick sketch) or lengthy and complicated, involving considerable research, negotiation, reflection, modelling, interactive adjustment and re-design. Read more... (full article...)

S e l e c t e d   a r t i c l e

The Bauhaus Dessau

Staatliches Bauhaus (About this soundlisten ), commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time, the German term About this sound"bauhaus" —literally "construction house"—was understood as meaning "School of Building".

The Bauhaus was first founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus, during the first years of existence, did not have an architecture department. Nonetheless, it was founded with the idea of creating a "total" work of art (Gesamtkunstwerk) in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, Modernist architecture and art, design and architectural education. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.

The school existed in three German cities: Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933, under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime, having been painted as a centre of communist intellectualism. Although the school was closed, the staff continued to spread its idealistic precepts as they left Germany and emigrated all over the world.

The changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. For instance: the pottery shop was discontinued when the school moved from Weimar to Dessau, even though it had been an important revenue source; when Mies van der Rohe took over the school in 1930, he transformed it into a private school, and would not allow any supporters of Hannes Meyer to attend it.



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R e c o g n i z e d  C o n t e n t

C a t e g o r i e s

T h e m a t i c   i n d e x

a
b
c

Alvar Aalto • Eero Aarnio • Jacques Adnet • Hans Peter Aglassinger • Ron Arad • Gae Aulenti • Milo Baughman • Mario Bellini • Yves Béhar • Lina Bo Bardi • Ernest Boiceau  • Mario Botta • Ronan & Erwan Bouroullec • Marcel Breuer • Josef Müller-Brockmann • Achille Castiglioni • Pierre Chapo • Pierre Chareau • Joe Colombo • Terence Conran

d
e
f

Robin Day • Christian Dell • Donald Deskey • Niels Diffrient • Nanna Ditzel • Tom Dixon • Joe Doucet • Henry Dreyfuss • Johanna Drucker • James Dyson • Mark Dziersk • Charles Eames • Ray Eames • Preben Fabricius • Norman Foster • Paul T. Frankl

g
h
i

Eugène Gaillard • Vinod Gangotra • Milton Glaser • Eileen Gray • April Greiman • Hector Guimard • Frank Gehry • Michael Graves • Zaha Hadid • Paul Hatch • Poul Henningsen • Josef Hoffmann • Hans Hollein • Toyo Ito • Jonathan Ive

j
k
l

Arne Jacobsen • Grete Jalk • Charles Jencks • Charles Kaisin • Tibor Kalman • Dennis L. Kappen • Poul Kjærholm • Manfred Kielnhofer • Florence Knoll • Shiro Kuramata • Le Corbusier • Jules Leleu • David Lewis • Raymond Loewy • Ross Lovegrove • Greg Lynn

m
n
o

Charles Rennie Mackintosh • Vico Magistretti • Sam Maloof • André Mare • Enzo Mari • Bruno Mathsson • Ingo Maurer • Paul McCobb • Katherine McCoy • Richard Meier • Alessandro Mendini • Ito Morabito • Jasper Morrison • Olivier Mourgue • Paola Navone, • Nolen Niu, • George Nelson • Marc Newson • Isamu Noguchi • Jean Nouvel • Frank Nuovo •

p
q
r

Satyendra Pakhale • Verner Panton • Charlotte Perriand • Gaetano Pesce • Charles Pelly • Giò Ponti • Ferdinand Alexander Porsche • Jean Prouvé • Dieter Rams • Paul Rand • Gerrit Rietveld • David Rowland • Aldo Rossi

s
t
u

Eero Saarinen • Richard Sapper • Maarten van Severen • Hans Erich Slany • Ettore Sottsass • Philippe Starck • Roger Tallon • Michael Thonet • Edward Tufte • Patricia Urquiola

v
w
x
y
z

Robert Venturi • Jonas Vollmer • Hans Wegner • Russel Wright • Marco Zanuso • Peter Zumthor

firms

Alessi • Apple Inc. • Artek • Artemide • Bang & Olufsen • Braun • Cappellini • Cassina • Ekornes • Herman Miller • IDEO • IKEA • Iittala • Kartell • Knoll • Staples • Roche Bobois • Vitra • Vitsoe • Future Systems • MVRDV • SANAA • TEAMS Design

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objects

Aalto Vase • iMac • Juicy Salif (1990, Philippe Starck) • Tizio lamp • Noguchi table (1947, Isamu Noguchi)

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buildings

Centre national d'art et de culture Georges-Pompidou • Guggenheim Museum • Unité d'Habitation • Cité Radieuse de Rezé • Architecture corbuséenne • Architectural history • Fallingwater • Villa Savoye

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chairs and sofas

Wassily Chair • Brno Chair • Butterfly chair  •Red and Blue Chair • Tugendhat chair • Windsor Chair • Eames Lounge Chair Wood (1945, Charles Eames & Ray Eames) • La Chaise (1948, Charles Eames & Ray Eames) • Eames Lounge Chair (1956, Charles & Ray Eames) • Panton Chair (1959, Verner Panton) • Egg (chair) • Tulip Chair • Barcelona Chair • Paimio Chair (1932, Alvar Aalto)• 40/4 Chair (1967, David Rowland)

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Office

Systems furniture • Hotel design • Office landscape • cubicle

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Decorative arts

Arts and Crafts • Folk art • Art Nouveau • Victoriana • Woodworking

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Wall coverings

Mural • Tapestry • Fresco painting • Graffiti

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Ornamentation

Glass • Leather • Weaving • Ceramics

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Tiling

Frumuseni mosaics • Pietra dura • Tile

W o r l d   o f   d e s i g n

movements

Art nouveau • Art déco • Bauhaus • Memphis Group • List of notable industrial designers

schools

Art Center College of Design • Rhode Island School of Design • École Nissim de Camondo • The Designers Republic

design

Architectural design • Interaction design • Digital design • Industrial design • Eco-designMaterials • Consumer goods • Processes • Sensory design

awards

German Design Award • Apple Design Awards • Compasso d'Oro • Design Museum's Designer of the Year • Good Design Award (Chicago) • Good Design Award (Japan) • Royal Designers for Industry

museums

MoMA • Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris • Vitra Design Museum • Design Museum Holon

media

Domus

other

Aeronautics • Automotive design • Naval architecture

R e l a t e d   p o r t a l s

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