The Wildlife of Djibouti
, consisting of flora and fauna, is in a harsh landscape with forest accounting for less than one percent of the total area of the country. The flora and fauna species are most found in the northern part of the country in the ecosystem of the Day Forest National Park
at an average altitude 1,500 metres (4,900 ft), including the massif Goda
, with a peak of 1,783 metres (5,850 ft). It covers an area of 3.5 square kilometres (1.4 sq mi) of Juniperus procera
forest, with many of the trees rising to 20 metres (66 ft) height. This forest area is the main habitat of critically endangered and endemic Djibouti francolin
, and another recently noted vertebrate
, Platyceps afarensis
. The area also contains many species of woody and herbaceous plants, including boxwood
and olive trees
, which account for sixty percent of the total identified species in the country.
Wildlife flora and fauna are also found in the country's wetland ecosystem which includes two large lakes, Lake Assal
and Lake Abbe
(only a small part of the flats of this lake are in Djibouti), and many salt pans which are flooded occasionally from the wadis and the coastal tidal wetlands. The coastal belt of Djibouti also has a diversity of marine life or aquatic ecosystem, including coral reefs. Read more...