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The Dubai Portal

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Dubai (in Arabic: دبيّ‎, Dubayy) is one of the seven emirates and the most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). It is located along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf on the Arabian Peninsula. The Dubai Municipality is sometimes called Dubai city to distinguish it from the emirate.

Written accounts document the existence of the city for at least 150 years prior to the formation of the UAE. Dubai shares legal, political, military and economic functions with the other emirates within a federal framework, although each emirate has jurisdiction over some functions such as civic law enforcement and provision and upkeep of local facilities. Dubai has the largest population and is the second largest emirate by area, after Abu Dhabi.[1] Dubai and Abu Dhabi are the only two emirates to possess veto power over critical matters of national importance in the country's legislature.[2] Dubai has been ruled by the Al Maktoum dynasty since 1833. Dubai's current ruler, Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, is also the Prime Minister and Vice President of the UAE.

In 1966, oil was discovered, Dubai and the emirate of Qatar set up a new monetary unit to replace the Gulf Rupee. The oil economy led to a massive influx of foreign workers, quickly expanding the city by 300% and bringing in international oil interests. The modern emirate of Dubai was created after the UK left the area in 1971. At this time Dubai, together with Abu Dhabi and four other emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates. The following year Ras al Khaimah joined the federation while Qatar and Bahrain chose to remain independent nations. In 1973, the monetary union with Qatar was dissolved and the UAE Dirham introduced throughout the UAE. A free trade zone was built around the Jebel Ali port in 1979, allowing foreign companies unrestricted import of labor and export capital. The Gulf War of 1990 had a negative financial effect on the city, as depositors withdrew their money and traders withdrew their trade, but subsequently the city recovered in a changing political climate and thrived.

The emirate's main revenues are from tourism, real estate and financial services.[3] Revenues from petroleum and natural gas contribute less than 6% (2006)[4] of Dubai's US$ 37 billion economy (2005).[5] Real estate and construction, on the other hand, contributed 22.6% to the economy in 2005, before the current large-scale construction boom.[6] Dubai has attracted attention through its real estate projects [7] and sports events. The city has attracted increasing attention as an emerging global city and world business hub.

Selected article

This list of tallest buildings in Dubai ranks skyscrapers in the city of Dubai by height. Dubai is the most populous city of the United Arab Emirates. It has 48 buildings that stand taller than 180 metres (591 ft), and 38 buildings stand taller than 200 metres (656 ft). Only Hong Kong and New York City are ahead of Dubai in highrises taller than 200 metres (656 ft) with 52 and 50 highrises respectively. However, Dubai has the most highrises over 300 metres (984 ft) of any city in the world, in comparison, Hong Kong has six. The tallest freestanding structure in Dubai is the 818 Meter (2,684 ft) Burj Dubai which topped out on January 17, 2009. Upon completion, the Burj Dubai will officially be the tallest building, freestanding structure, and man-made structure of any kind ever built on the planet. The second tallest building in Dubai is the 68-storey Almas Tower, which rises 363 metres (1,191 ft) in height.[8] It is currently topped out, and is scheduled to be completed in late 2008. The tallest completed building in Dubai is the Emirates Office Tower, which rises 54 stories and 355 metres (1,163 ft) along Sheikh Zayed Road.[9] It is currently the 19th-tallest building in the world. Another notable Dubai skyscraper is the Rose Tower, which stands as the fourth-tallest building in the city and the tallest all-hotel building in the world.The skyscrapers of Dubai are, for the most part, clustered in two different locations. The land along Sheikh Zayed Road was the first to develop, followed by the Dubai Marina neighborhood.

The history of skyscrapers in Dubai began with the construction of the 149-metre (489 ft) Dubai World Trade Centre in 1979, which is regarded to be the first skyscraper in the city. At the time of its completion, it also stood as the tallest building in the Middle East. Since 1999, and especially from 2005 onwards, Dubai has been on an extremely large skyscraper building boom, with all 28 of its buildings over 200 metres (656 ft) tall completed after 1999. Dubai currently has 390 completed highrises,[10] but that number will increase greatly in the near future. With 321 highrises currently under construction, and 551 planned highrises, Dubai's skyline is rapidly growing.[10] In addition, Dubai is expected to be the site of more buildings with 100 floors or more than any other city in the world by 2015. As well as it will have the most number of Highrises taller than 200 metres (656 ft), surpassing New York City and Hong Kong.[11]

(Read more...)
  1. ^ United Arab Emirates: metropolitan areas
  2. ^ The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa. D Long, B Reich. p.157
  3. ^ An Economic Profile of Dubai Dubai Healthcare City. 2000
  4. ^ Oil share dips in Dubai GDP AMEInfo (9 June 2007) Retrieved on 15 October 2007.
  5. ^ Dubai economy set to treble by 2015 ArabianBusiness.com (3 February 2007) Retrieved on 15 October 2007.
  6. ^ "Dubai diversifies out of oil". AMEInfo. 2005-09-07. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  7. ^ Dubai map with upcoming freehold developments
  8. ^ "Almas Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  9. ^ "Emirates Office Tower". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  10. ^ a b "High-rise Buildings of Dubai". Emporis.com. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  11. ^ "Dubai to have at least six supertowers by '15". Gulf News. 2007-05-28. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 

Selected picture

Dubai night skyline.jpg
Credit: .EVO. from UAE
Night view of high-rise buildings lined along the Sheikh Zayed Road

Selected biography

Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum at the World Economic Forum Summit on the Global Agenda 2008 1.jpg

Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic محمد بن راشد آل مكتوم; Muḥammad bin Rāshid al Maktūm), also Sheikh Mohammed, (born July 22, 1949), is the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and constitutional monarch of Dubai.[1] He is the third of Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's four sons (members of Dubai's ruling family Al Maktoum and descendants of the House of Al-Falasi, of which he is the tribal leader[2]). From the age of four, Sheikh Mohammed was privately tutored in Arabic and Islamic Studies. In 1955, he began his formal education at Al Ahmedia School. At the age of 10, he moved to Al Shaab School, and two years later, he went to Dubai Secondary School. In 1966, he and his cousin, Sheikh Mohammed bin Khalifa Al-Maktoum, attended the Bell Educational Trust's English Language School in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]

His senior wife is Sheikha Hind bint Maktoum bin Juma Al Maktoum whom he married in 1979. His best-known junior wife is HRH Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, daughter of King Hussein of Jordan and half-sister of current King Abdullah II of Jordan, whom he married on April 10, 2004, and with whom he has two children, a daughter, Al-Jalila, born December 2, 2007 and a son, Zayed, born January 7, 2012.[3][4][5] Sheikh Mohammed announced the arrival of his son Zayed on Twitter.[6]

Al Maktoum, his sons, and his daughters are known to be avid enthusiasts of traditional Arabic poems and arts, and take part in projects to aid developing countries such as Jordan, Egypt, the Palestinian Authority and Yemen. He writes poetry in Nabati (colloquial Arabic.) [7]

They are also sport enthusiasts, especially in horse and camel racing. For example, in the 15th Asian Games in 2006, his son Rashid took the individual gold in Endurance, his sons Rashid, Ahmed, Majid, and Hamdan took the team gold in Endurance,[8] his niece Latifa took a bronze in Show Jumping,[9] and his daughter Maitha led the UAE team in taekwondo .[10] (More...)

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Selected panorama

Credit: Obischoff
A panoramic view of skyscrapers along the coast of the Jumeirah Beach in Dubai
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  1. ^ "Uae The Union, its fundamental constituents and aims Law - Law Firms lawyers, Attorney, Solicitor, Injury of Uae". Helplinelaw.com. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  2. ^ Rulig Family in Dubai
  3. ^ Khaleej Times Interview on the princess's official website[dead link]
  4. ^ "The Royal News, 2004-04-10". Nettyroyal.nl. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  5. ^ Shaikh Mohammad and Princess Haya blessed with a baby girl Gulf News (2 December 2007). Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  6. ^ Sheikh Mohammed announces arrival of new son Zayed on Twitter The National (8 January 2012).
  7. ^ ""The Poet"". Sheikhmohammed.co.ae. 2000-09-30. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  8. ^ "Uae Equestrian Racing Federation". Uaeequafed.ae. 2006-12-14. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  9. ^ "Latifa does UAE proud as she qualifies for Beijing Olympics, UAE interact". Uaeinteract.com. Retrieved 2012-03-30. 
  10. ^ "Shaikha Maitha bound for Beijing Olympics". Gulf News. 2008-03-24. Retrieved 2008-06-15.