Portal:East Frisia

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East Frisian flag and coat of arms
East Frisia Portal
Portal:East Frisia
Pilsum: lighthouseJuist: beachGreetsiel: the twin windmillsEmden: Ratsdelft
"Moin" and welcome!

The East Frisia portal offers an overview of the most important and newest articles on the subject of East Frisia, a unique historic and cultural region in North Germany on the North Sea coast. The portal contains links to a cross-section of articles from the areas of history and politics, geography and economy, art and culture, and some of the important personalities of the region.

Geography and nature
Leer: Town hall and recreational harbour (behind)
Spiekeroog: Aerial photograph from the west
Norden: The "Three Sisters" (Dree Süsters) on the market place

East Frisia is a region in the northwest of Germany, on the North Sea coast. The East Frisian Islands just off the mainland belong to the region. Beyond the line of dykes is the coastline, directly affected by the tide, and the mudflats of the Wadden Sea. The mainland is characterised by marshes, geest and moorland; the islands by dunes. The region is divided into the three districts of Aurich, Leer and Wittmund and the town of Emden.

Towns: Aurich | Borkum | Emden | Esens | Leer | Norden | Norderney | Weener | Wiesmoor | Wittmund


Lakes and rivers: Harle | Lower Saxon Wadden Sea National Park | Dollart | Leybucht | Ems | Leda | Jümme | Großes Meer

Regions: Auricherland | Brokmerland | East Frisian peninsula | Emsigerland | Harlingerland | Norderland | Rheiderland

Islands, sandbanks and Platen: Borkum | Juist | Norderney | Baltrum | Langeoog | Spiekeroog | Memmert | Lütje Hörn | Kachelotplate

The Upstalsboom as a historic place of assembly
Battle on the Wild Fields

The history of East Frisia is marked by centuries of struggle by its people against storms and flooding from the sea, by the emergence of the concept of "Frisian freedom" in the Middle Ages and by the relative isolation of the region by moors. As a political entity the County of East Frisia appeared in 1464 on the imperial stage. After 1744 it belonged in succession to Prussia, the Kingdom of Holland, France, the Kingdom of Hanover and again to Prussia. Since 1946 the region has been part of the state of Lower Saxony. The dissolution of the province of Aurich in 1978 ended the history of East Frisia as a political and administrative unit.

General history: History of East Frisia | Eala Frya Fresena | Frisian freedom | Grote Mandrenke | Christmas flood of 1717

History of towns and regions: History of the Brookmerland

Military history: Battle of Detern | Frisian-Frankish wars | Friso-Hollandic wars

Art and culture
The Leaning Tower of Suurhusen
Main castle building of the Norderburg in Dornum

The region has a large number of historic buildings, including castles and palaces, Gulf farmhouses and town houses. A number of museums and libraries have national significance. Around 100 churches date to the Romanesque and Gothic periods and many house valuable organs. The East Frisian Regional Association (Ostfriesische Landschaft) supports local culture as well as the preservation of the plattdeutsch language.

Museums, libraries and archives:

Castles: Evenburg | Haneburg | Harderwykenburg

Other buildings: Gulf farmhouse | Leaning Tower of Suurhusen

Language: Moin | East Frisian Low Saxon | East Frisian language

Religion: Evangelical Reformed Church

Customs and culture: East Frisian jokes | Maibaum | Martinisingen

Sport: Kickers Emden | Boßeln | Klootschießen

East Frisian biographies
Ubbo Emmius

In the course of the previous centuries East Frisia has produced a number of notable people. In many cases they began or pursued their careers outside the region. See also: List of East Frisian people

Chieftains: Aldgisl | Focko Ukena | Ocko I tom Brok | Ocko II tom Brok | tom Brok

Nobility: Counts of East Frisia | Anna of Oldenburg | Edzard the Great | Edzard II | Enno II | Enno III | Enno Louis | Rudolf Christian | Ulrich I | Ulrich II

Science: Hermann Conring | Rudolf Eucken | Johannes Fabricius | Rudolf von Jhering | Onno Klopp | Johann Christian Reil

Theology: Menso Alting | Ubbo Emmius

Culture: Ludolf Bakhuizen | Karl Dall | Henri Nannen | Wolfgang Petersen | Otto Waalkes

Politics: Garrelt Duin

Sport: Dieter Eilts | Marco Kutscher | Heidi Hartmann | Hans-Wilhelm Müller-Wohlfahrt

Economy and transport
A car transporter leaves Emden Harbour

East Frisia's economy is dominated by agriculture, tourism and several manufacturing and service industries. Amongst the largest industrial concerns are a Volkswagen factory and a wind energy system manufacturer. The economic hub of the region is Emden. Shipping has been a tradition in East Frisia for centuries. The town of Leer is one of the largest German shipping company centres. In the 1850s the region began to be opened up by the railway and has been linked to the motorway network since the 1970s.

Businesses: Enercon | Nordseewerke | Ostfriesische Lufttransport | Luftverkehr Friesland Harle

Public services: Richthofen Squadron | Lower Saxon State Department for Waterway, Coastal and Nature Conservation


Transport: A 28 | A 31 | A 280 | Emden Airfield

Pictogram voting info.svg Info: The members and supporters of the East Frisia portal are listed here by topic and geographical assignment.

Information on missing articles is given here.

Your questions about East Frisia may be answered at the talk page.

Image of the month
Ostfriesland CoA.svg
The coat of arms of the County of East Frisia

The County of East-Frisia was created in 1464 by Emperor Frederick III in the region of East Frisia in northwest Germany. It eventually fell to Prussia in 1744. more…

Article of the month
Ostfriesland2009 022.jpg

The Leybucht is the second largest bay in East Frisia after the Dollart. The Jade Bight is larger than both, but belongs historically to Oldenburg. The bay lies in western East Frisia between the port of Greetsiel and Norddeich, about 18 kilometres north of Emden and 25 kilometres west of the county town of Aurich. It has an area of about 19 km². It attained its maximum extent of 129 km² following the storm surges of 1374 and 1376 and stretched from Greetsiel in the west to Marienhafe in the east and from the edge of the town of Norden as far as Canhusen (in the municipality of Hinte) in the south. In the centuries that followed the bay was increasingly empoldered so that by 1950 it had been reduced to its present size. The Leybucht lies in the Lower Saxon Wadden Sea National Park (Nationalpark Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer) and belongs to Zone I. It enjoys special protection, not least because of the fauna and flora of its salt marshes. more…

Did you know, that...?

... Rudolf Eucken who was born in Aurich is the only Nobel prize winner from East Frisia? more…

New and expanded articles

The following are articles, related to East Frisia, added in the last six months.

All articles on East Frisia are here;
Articles on East Frisian people are here.

In the news
  • With seven concerts held on Midsummer's Day on the East Frisian Islands, the group Triangel is attempting to get into the Guinness Book of Records. At midnight, the group played first on Borkum, then made their way throughout the day to Wangerooge, where the final concert of the day was given at 9:30 pm. Source: Norderneyer Morgen, 23 June 2010 Link
  • Football Oberliga side, Kickers Emden, will host its games in future in the Deichkicker Arena. With this renaming of the stadium, the club is drawing a line under the era of former Kickers president, Engelbert Schmidt, after whose company the venue was named five years ago. Source: Ostfriesen Zeitung, 12 May 2010 Link
  • The municipality of Krummhörn is hoping to establish a partnership with Grundy County in Iowa. Many of the local Iowan inhabitants are descended from East Frisian emigrants. If the Krummhörn council agrees, the partnership could be sealed in October in the Grundy Centre during "East Frisian week". Source: Emder Zeitung, 11 May 2010 Link
  • The town of Leer hopes to be included in a state programme of renovating old town centres. This would make available 4.4 million euros within the next ten years. Grants are primarily for private houses that are listed buildings which are worth preserving. The renovation action is needed; out of 410 buildings surveyed in the old town 243 have small, medium or major damage. The application for funding must be made by 1 June. Source: Ostfriesen Zeitung, 7 May 2010 Link
  • Dykes in the town of Emden and in Aurich district survived the winter well. Two light floods caused virtually no damage to the dykes and sluice between Borssumer Siel and the Leybucht.Source: Emder Zeitung, 7 May 2010 Link
  • In April the employment district of Emden had the steepest drop in the unemployment rate of all districts in Lower Saxony. The rate fell from 10% in March to its currentlevel of 8.5%, below last year's level of 9.1%. This represents a decrease of 14.8% over March 2010 and by 5.4% over the previous year. Source: Ostfriesische Nachrichten, 29 April 2010 Link
  • Aurich has been cholse to be the organizer of the Day of Lower Saxony in 2011. This is the second time the town has hosted the state event, the last time being in 1982. The event due to take place from 24 to 26 June 2011. Source: Ostfriesische Nachrichten, 28. April 2010 Link
  • Alpha ventus, the first and only German offshore wind farm, was officially put into operation at an official ceremony on the supply platform. The wind farm is expected to supply at least 220 gigawatt hours of energy every year to the grid. This is enough to supply 50,000 households. Source: Spiegel Online, 27 April 2010 Link
  • The 29th Ossiloop run will start this evening with a record attendance of over 2,200 runners from Bensersiel. The running event is the largest of its kind in East Friesland. This year, its direction was changed. For the first time it will run from the sea to Leer. Source: General Anzeiger, 27 April 2010 Link
Missing articles

The following are wanted articles, related to East Frisia, that exist on German Wikipedia.