Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta. The city is located on the North Saskatchewan River in the central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farmland on the prairies. It is the second largest city in Alberta after Calgary, and is the hub of Canada's sixth-largest census metropolitan area. The hadrosaur Edmontosaurus is named after the city. In the Canada 2011 Census, the city had a population of 812,201 , and its census metropolitan area had a population of 1,159,869, making it the northernmost North American city with a metropolitan population over one million. At 684 km2 (264 sq mi), the City of Edmonton covers an area larger than Chicago, Philadelphia, Toronto, or Montreal. Edmonton has one of the lowest urban population densities in North America, about 9.4% that of New York City. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian.
Edmonton serves as the northern anchor of the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor (one of four regions that together comprise 50% of Canada's population) and is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories. Edmonton is Canada's second most populous provincial capital (after Toronto) and is a cultural, governmental and educational centre. It plays host to a year-round slate of world-class festivals, earning it the title of "The Festival City." It is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall (which was the world's largest mall for a 23 year period from 1981 until 2004.), and Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum. In 2004, Edmonton celebrated the centennial of its incorporation as a city.
The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The Oilers were founded on November 1, 1971, with the team playing its first season in 1972. In 1978 the Oilers acquired Wayne Gretzky, Within three years, Sather and chief scout Barry Fraser had drafted several players who would have an important role in the team's success, including Mark Messier, Glenn Anderson, Jari Kurri, Paul Coffey, Kevin Lowe, Grant Fuhr and Andy Moog. After joining the NHL, the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup on five occasions: 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88 and 1989–90. In 1988, Gretzky, along with enforcer Marty McSorley and centre Mike Krushelnyski, were traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
In 1978 the Oilers acquired Wayne Gretzky, Within three years, Sather and chief scout Barry Fraser had drafted several players who would have an important role in the team's success, including Mark Messier, Glenn Anderson, Jari Kurri, Paul Coffey, Kevin Lowe, Grant Fuhr and Andy Moog. The Dynasty years of the Oilers was between 1983–1990 winning six NHL Conference Finals, two Presidents' Trophy, and five Stanley Cups. In 1998, the team was nearly sold to Houston interests who sought to move the team, but before the sale was finalized, and with just hours left on the deadline, the Edmonton Investors Group, a consortium of 37 Edmonton-based owners, raised the funds to purchase the team from Pocklington, vowing to keep the Oilers in Edmonton. The Oilers received support in this endeavour from the NHL, which had already seen two Canadian teams (the Nordiques and Jets) move to the United States earlier in the decade. The 2005–06 Season was the Oilers last appearance in the Stanley Cup Finals, where they lost against the Carolina Hurricanes. Since then the Oilers have not made it into the playoffs. Northlands Coliseum was home to the Oilers for their first 37 seasons, the Oilers moved to the newly constructed Rogers Place in 2016.
Parade celebrating anniversary of the Hudson's Bay Co., 1920.
Edmonton, like many places in North America had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous groups. First permanent settlement by Europeans is known to have started around 1795, when Fort Edmonton was officially founded around present day Fort Saskatchewan.
In the early 1800s, the fort was moved to near the current (Alberta) legislature site. The fort was big in the fur trade business. The first settlement outside of the fort was on "River lots", which actually now consist of neighbourhoods. In 1894, settlement began outside the fort and the Town of Edmonton was established. The town encompassed modern Boyle Street (the original downtown) and McCauley neighbourhoods.
In the 1900-1910 decade, the Hudson's Bay Company was granted a reserve on much of the Fort's land but in the decade it was eventually all sold off to Edmonton. Edmonton became a city in 1904 and shortly after, with a mere 5,000 people became Alberta's capital. With the new land west of Queens Avenue (modern 100 St) available to the city, the city grew tremendously, and Boyle Street was abandoned as the downtown for the new, current downtown.
Daryl Allan Katz (born May 31, 1961) is a Canadian businessman, investor, and philanthropist. With an estimated net worth of $US 4.14 billion (as of November 2015), Katz was ranked by Forbes as the 12th wealthiest Canadian and 534th in the world. The Edmonton-based Katz is founder and chairman of the Katz Group of Companies, one of Canada’s largest privately owned enterprises, with operations in the pharmacy, sports & entertainment, and real estate development sectors. Katz Group owns the Edmonton Oilers, and is leading the development of Rogers Place and the Ice District. Katz is a former lawyer, and resides in Edmonton.
Daryl Katz was born in 1961 in Edmonton, Alberta. His father was a pharmacist who founded Value Drug Mart in Edmonton in the 1970s. Daryl Katz attended the Jewish day school, Talmud Torah School during his elementary years and then graduated from Jasper Place High School. He then attended the University of Alberta, graduating with an arts degree in 1982 and with a law degree in 1985.
- The millennium edition of Places Rated Almanac rated Edmonton ahead of 317 other major cities in North America, and as one of the top-three places to live in Canada. This was based on a study of North America’s largest cities that surveyed living costs, transportation, job outlook, education, climate, crime, the arts, health care and recreation.
- Edmonton is a tourism hot spot, home to one of the world’s largest shopping mall, the largest stretch of urban parkland in North America and an array of diverse attractions, from the Great Divide waterfall (24 feet higher than Niagara Falls) to historic Fort Edmonton Park.
- Edmonton's 60,000+ Elm trees is the largest concentration of disease-free elms anywhere in the world.
- The highest recorded rate of voter turn out in a municipal elections occurred in 1918? That year, 83.5% of Edmontonians turned out to vote for mayor and council.
- Alberta offers the lowest income tax rates in Canada and some of the lowest in North America.
- There are over 70 golf courses in Metro Edmonton including Victoria Golf Course, the oldest Municipal Golf Course in Canada (1907).
- The Edmonton Oilers were founded in 1972, joined the NHL in 1979, and have won five Stanley Cups.
- Rogers Place is the newest NHL arena, having opened September 8, 2016, with a seating capacity of 18,641.
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