Edmonton ( ( listen); Cree: Amiskwaciy Waskahikan; Blackfoot: Omahkoyis) is the capital city of the Canadian province of Alberta. Edmonton is on the North Saskatchewan River and is the centre of the Edmonton Metropolitan Region, which is surrounded by Alberta's central region. The city anchors the north end of what Statistics Canada defines as the "Calgary–Edmonton Corridor".
The city had a population of 932,546 in 2016, making it Alberta's second-largest city and Canada's fifth-largest municipality. Also in 2016, Edmonton had a metropolitan population of 1,321,426, making it the sixth-largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in Canada. Edmonton is North America's northernmost metropolitan area with a population over one million. A resident of Edmonton is known as an Edmontonian.
Edmonton's historic growth has been facilitated through the absorption of five adjacent urban municipalities (Strathcona, North Edmonton, West Edmonton, Beverly and Jasper Place) and a series of annexations ending in 1982. Known as the "Gateway to the North", the city is a staging point for large-scale oil sands projects occurring in northern Alberta and large-scale diamond mining operations in the Northwest Territories.
Edmonton is a cultural, governmental and educational centre. It hosts a year-round slate of festivals, reflected in the nickname "Canada's Festival City". It is home to North America's largest mall, West Edmonton Mall (the world's largest mall from 1981 until 2004), and Fort Edmonton Park, Canada's largest living history museum.
The Edmonton Oilers are a professional ice hockey team based in Edmonton, Alberta. They are members of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The Oilers were founded on November 1, 1971, with the team playing its first season in 1972. In 1978 the Oilers acquired Wayne Gretzky, Within three years, Sather and chief scout Barry Fraser had drafted several players who would have an important role in the team's success, including Mark Messier, Glenn Anderson, Jari Kurri, Paul Coffey, Kevin Lowe, Grant Fuhr and Andy Moog. After joining the NHL, the Oilers went on to win the Stanley Cup on five occasions: 1983–84, 1984–85, 1986–87, 1987–88 and 1989–90. In 1988, Gretzky, along with enforcer Marty McSorley and centre Mike Krushelnyski, were traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
In 1978 the Oilers acquired Wayne Gretzky, Within three years, Sather and chief scout Barry Fraser had drafted several players who would have an important role in the team's success, including Mark Messier, Glenn Anderson, Jari Kurri, Paul Coffey, Kevin Lowe, Grant Fuhr and Andy Moog. The Dynasty years of the Oilers was between 1983–1990 winning six NHL Conference Finals, two Presidents' Trophy, and five Stanley Cups. In 1998, the team was nearly sold to Houston interests who sought to move the team, but before the sale was finalized, and with just hours left on the deadline, the Edmonton Investors Group, a consortium of 37 Edmonton-based owners, raised the funds to purchase the team from Pocklington, vowing to keep the Oilers in Edmonton. The Oilers received support in this endeavour from the NHL, which had already seen two Canadian teams (the Nordiques and Jets) move to the United States earlier in the decade. The 2017 Stanley Cup playoffs of the 2016–17 NHL season was the teams last post-season appearance.
Parade celebrating anniversary of the Hudson's Bay Co., 1920.
Edmonton, like many places in North America had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous groups. First permanent settlement by Europeans is known to have started around 1795, when Fort Edmonton was officially founded around present day Fort Saskatchewan.
In the early 1800s, the fort was moved to near the current (Alberta) legislature site. The fort was big in the fur trade business. The first settlement outside of the fort was on "River lots", which actually now consist of neighbourhoods. In 1894, settlement began outside the fort and the Town of Edmonton was established. The town encompassed modern Boyle Street (the original downtown) and McCauley neighbourhoods.
In the 1900-1910 decade, the Hudson's Bay Company was granted a reserve on much of the Fort's land but in the decade it was eventually all sold off to Edmonton. Edmonton became a city in 1904 and shortly after, with a mere 5,000 people became Alberta's capital. With the new land west of Queens Avenue (modern 100 St) available to the city, the city grew tremendously, and Boyle Street was abandoned as the downtown for the new, current downtown.
Fillion at the 2018 San Diego Comic-Con International
Nathan Christopher Fillion (born March 27, 1971) is a Canadian-American actor and voice actor best known for the lead role of Captain Malcolm Reynolds in the television series Firefly and its feature film continuation, Serenity, as well as his role as Richard Castle on the ABC series Castle.
He has acted in traditionally distributed films like Slither and Trucker, Internet-distributed films like Dr. Horrible's Sing-Along Blog, television soap operas and sitcoms, and theater. Fillion has also voiced several video games, including the Bungie titles Halo 3, Halo 3: ODST, Halo: Reach, Destiny, and Destiny 2, along with the 343 Industries video game Halo 5: Guardians.
Fillion first gained recognition for his work on One Life to Live in the contract role of Joey Buchanan, for which he was nominated for Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Younger Actor in a Drama Series, and for his supporting role as Johnny Donnelly in the sitcom Two Guys and a Girl.
Did you know...?
- The millennium edition of Places Rated Almanac rated Edmonton ahead of 317 other major cities in North America, and as one of the top-three places to live in Canada. This was based on a study of North America’s largest cities that surveyed living costs, transportation, job outlook, education, climate, crime, the arts, health care and recreation.
- Edmonton is a tourism hot spot, home to one of the world’s largest shopping mall, the largest stretch of urban parkland in North America and an array of diverse attractions, from the Great Divide waterfall (24 feet higher than Niagara Falls) to historic Fort Edmonton Park.
- Edmonton's 60,000+ Elm trees is the largest concentration of disease-free elms anywhere in the world.
- The highest recorded rate of voter turn out in a municipal elections occurred in 1918? That year, 83.5% of Edmontonians turned out to vote for mayor and council.
- Alberta offers the lowest income tax rates in Canada and some of the lowest in North America.
- There are over 70 golf courses in Metro Edmonton including Victoria Golf Course, the oldest Municipal Golf Course in Canada (1907).
- The Edmonton Oilers were founded in 1972, joined the NHL in 1979, and have won five Stanley Cups.
- Rogers Place is the newest NHL arena, having opened September 8, 2016, with a seating capacity of 18,641.
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