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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage by a community estimated at between 100,000 and 2 million speakers for over a century, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with over 217,000 articles (as of August 5, 2015).

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has almost 200,000 registered users who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 18 languages, and at least 44,000 of whom have basic, intermediate or advanced understanding of Esperanto; the latter site currently has about 87,300 people signed up to learn Esperanto through the medium of English.

Picture of the month - September
Monata bildo - septembro

Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof (1859-1917) was a Polish ophthalmologist and philologist who is best known as the inventor of Esperanto.

Article of the month - September
Monata artikolo - septembro


Anationalism (Esperanto: sennaciismo) is a term originating from the community of Esperanto speakers. It denotes cosmopolitan political concepts that combine some or all of the following tendencies and ideas:

  • radical antinationalism,
  • universalism,
  • "one-world-ism",
  • acceptance of the historic trend toward linguistic homogenization on a world scale, and in some cases even a striving to accelerate that trend,
  • the necessity of political education and organization of the world proletariat in accordance with those ideas, and
  • the utility of Esperanto as an instrument of such political education. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - September
Monata vortlisto - septembro

Sports (sportoj)

  • atletiko meaning: "athletics" (or "track and field")
  • basbalo meaning: "baseball"
  • biciklado meaning: "cycling"
  • flugpilkado meaning: "volleyball"
  • futbalo meaning: "football" (or "soccer")
  • golfo meaning: "golf"
  • hokeo meaning: "hockey"
  • korbopilkado meaning: "basketball"
  • rugbeo meaning: "rugby"
  • teniso meaning: "tennis"

Grammar of the month - September
Monata gramatiko - septembro

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Verbs (action words) are very simple to form in Esperanto: the infinitive (basic verb form) is the root + "-i". For example iri = "to go". To form the present tense, switch the "-i" to "-as": mi iras = "I go" or "I am going" (mi = "I"). The same can be done for past and future tenses: mi iris = "I went" and mi iros = "I will go".

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

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Other portals
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Constructed languages Language

Other Wikimedia
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Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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