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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage by a community estimated at between 100,000 and 2 million speakers for over a century, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with about 215,800 articles (as of June 16, 2015).

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Picture of the month - June
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Esperanto books for sale at the World Congress of Esperanto in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, in 2008.

Article of the month - June
Monata artikolo - junio

The Unua Libro in English.

The Unua Libro (First Book) was the first publication to describe the international language Esperanto (then called Lingvo Internacia, "international language"). It was first published in Russian on July 26, 1887 in Warsaw, by Dr. L.L. Zamenhof, the creator of Esperanto. Over the next few years editions were published in Russian, Hebrew, Polish, French, German, and English. This booklet included the Lord's Prayer, some Bible verses, a letter, poetry, the sixteen rules of grammar and 900 roots of vocabulary. Zamenhof declared, "an international language, like a national one, is common property." Zamenhof signed the work as "Doktoro Esperanto" and the title Esperanto stuck as the name of the language which, in Esperanto, means "one who is hoping". Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - June
Monata vortlisto - junio

Words (vortoj)

  • kaj [rhymes with "high"] meaning: "and"
  • al meaning: "to" or "toward"
  • el meaning: "from" or "out of"
  • knabo meaning: "boy"
  • knabino meaning: "girl"
  • lingvo meaning: "language"
  • amo meaning: "love"
  • amanto meaning: "lover"
  • amkanto meaning: "love song"

Grammar of the month - June
Monata gramatiko - junio

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The nominal (noun) suffix is "-o", so thus viro = man. We can make this into an adjective (describing word) by adding "-a": vira = manly or masculine.

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
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Constructed languages Language

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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