Portal:Faroe Islands

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Faroe Islands Portal

A map of the Faroe Islands
Vælkomin! The Faroe Islands (Faroese: Føroyar, Danish: Færøerne) are an island group situated between the Norwegian Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, approximately halfway between Scotland and Iceland. The Faroe Islands are a self-governing territory within the Kingdom of Denmark, along with Denmark proper and Greenland. The total area is approximately 1,400 km² (540 sq mi) with a 2010 population of almost 50,000.

The Faroe Islands have been a self-governing dependency of the Kingdom of Denmark since 1948. Over the years, the Faroese have been granted control of some matters. Areas that remain the responsibility of Denmark include military defence, police, justice, currency and international relations.

The Faroe Islands were politically associated with Norway until 1380, when Norway entered the Kalmar Union with Denmark and Sweden, which gradually evolved into Danish control of the islands. This association ceased in 1814 when Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden, while Denmark retained control of Norwegian colonies including the Faroe Islands, Iceland and Greenland. The Faroe Islands have two representatives on the Nordic Council as members of the Danish delegation.

Selected article

One of two stamps issued by Postverk Føroya on 18 May 1998, produced by Edward Fuglø.
Ólavsøka is a national holiday of the Faroe Islands, celebrated on July 29. It is the day when Løgting, the Faroese Parliament, opens its session.

The literal meaning is “Saint Olaf’s Wake” (vigilia sancti Olavi in Latin), from Saint Olaf’s death at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030 (see Olsok), but the Løgting predates this event. Like several other Faroese holidays, the vøka begins the evening before, so Ólavsøka always starts on July 28 with an opening ceremony.

Ólavsøka is the day of the year when many Faroese crowd into the capital Tórshavn. There the national rowing competition finals are held, which is one of the highlights in Faroese sports. In addition, there are art exhibitions, folk music, and Faroese chaindance performances.

The salute for Ólavsøka in Faroese is Góða Ólavsøku! (Good St. Olaf's Wake!).

Selected biography

Faroe Islands stamp honouring Hammershaimb
Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb (March 25, 1819 – April 4, 1909) was a Faroese Lutheran minister who established the modern orthography of Faroese, the language of the Faroe Islands, based on the Icelandic language, which like Faroese derives from Old Norse.

Hammershaimb created his spelling system for Faroese in 1846. It was etymological, with the vowels based on written Icelandic, rather than phonetically descriptive (as in for example Welsh.) For instance, the letter Eth (Ð) has no phonemes attached to it. In this Hammershaimb had accepted the advice of the Icelandic independence leader Jón Sigurðsson, who had seen the manuscript for his "Bemerkninger med Hensyn til den Færøiske Udtale" (Notes with Respect to Faroese Pronunciation); Hammershaimb considered that despite its artificiality, this was the only approach that would overcome the problems of differing dialects in the islands.

Things you can do

Nuvola apps korganizer.svg

Geography stubs · People stubs · Sports clubs stubs · Faroese stubs in general
There are a lot of Faroe Islands-related stubs that can be turned into real articles!

  • Categorize:

Help us categorize Faroe Islands-related articles

  • WikiProjects:

Have a look at WikiProject Faroe Islands, WikiProject Denmark, WikiProject Greenland and WikiProject Norse history and culture

  • Noticeboard:

Have a look at the Faroese Wikipedians' notice board

Related portals

Selected picture

Scenery from Hvalba, on the southernmost island of Suðuroy
Credit: Erik Christensen

Scenery from Hvalba, on the southernmost island of Suðuroy in the Faroe Islands. Shown in the foreground is a flock of Faroes sheep and just visible in the background is the island of Lítla Dímun.

Did you know...



Wikipedia in Faroese

There is a Faroese version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources

Travel guides