Portal:Fascism

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The Fascism Portal

The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, [narrowing of the permitted limit of social discourse], physical training, and eugenics. The limiting of the spectrum of acceptable opinion includes the aggressive suppression of dissent. Frequently, fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture.

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Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Captain of the Iron Guard
Corneliu Zelea Codreanu (born Corneliu Zelinski and commonly known as Corneliu Codreanu; September 13, 1899 – November 30, 1938) was a Romanian politician of the far right, the founder and charismatic leader of the Iron Guard or the Legion of the Archangel Michael (also known as the Legionary Movement), an ultra-nationalist and violently antisemitic organization active throughout most of the interwar period. Generally seen as the main variety of local fascism, and noted for its mystical and Romanian Orthodox-inspired revolutionary message, it grew into an important actor on the Romanian political stage, coming into conflict with the political establishment and the democratic forces, and often resorting to terrorism. The Legionaries traditionally referred to Codreanu as Căpitanul ("The Captain"), and he held absolute authority over the organization until his death. Following Codreanu's instructions, the Legion carried out assassinations of politicians it viewed as corrupt. Codreanu advocated Romania's adherence to a military and political alliance with Nazi Germany. Codreanu's views influenced the modern far right. Groups claiming him as a forerunner include Noua Dreaptă and other Romanian successors of the Iron Guard, the International Third Position, and various neofascist organizations in Italy and other parts of Europe.

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Hitler and Mussolini
Credit: Istituto Nazionale Luce

Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany and Benito Mussolini of Fascist Italy, two of the Axis leaders of World War II, stand together before one of the Honor Temples of Königsplatz, Munich, sending off their armies to North Africa and into Egypt against the British Army as part of the Western Desert Campaign. The two leaders wear the political uniforms of their respective parties while Mussolini delivers a Roman salute. Hitler modelled Nazism after Mussolini's Italian Fascism, and based his public image and leadership style on Mussolini's.

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RFP (Russian Fascist Party) Blackshirts at Harbin Station, 1934

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Benito Mussolini

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