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While the term "Pope" (Latin: papa "father'") is used in several Churches to denote their high spiritual leaders (e.g. Coptic Pope), this title in English usage can by itself refer to the head of the Catholic Church. The title itself has been used officially by the head of the Catholic Church since the tenure of Pope Siricius, although it has been first used by the Copts centuries earlier.
This article comprises lists of Popes of the Catholic Church.
There is no official list of popes, however the Annuario Pontificio, published every year by the Vatican, contains a list that is generally considered to be the most authoritative. Its list is the one given here. The Annuario Pontificio list gives Benedict XVI as the 265th pope of Rome.
Chronological list of popes
|Pontificate||Portrait||Common English name||Regnal (Latin) name||Personal name||Place of birth||Notes|
|30 to 67||Peter
|Petrus, Head of the Church||Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)
(Simeon Kephas - Simon the Rock)
|Bethsaida, Galilea||Disciple of Jesus from whom he received the keys to the Kingdom of Heaven, according to Matthew 16:18-19.|
|post42/ante57 to 64/67(?)||Petrus, Episcopus Romanus||Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (Feast of Saints Peter and Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Peter) 22 February. Recognized as the first pope by the Roman Catholic Church.|
|64/67(?) to 76/79(?)||Linus
|Linus, Episcopus Romanus||Linus||Tuscia (Northern Latium)||Traditionally martyred (no evidence); Feast day 23 September|