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Portal:Florida

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The Florida Portal

Downtown Tampa, Florida in 1913
Downtown Tampa, Florida in 1913

Florida (/ˈflɒrɪdə/ (About this soundlisten)) is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the northwest by Alabama, to the north by Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd-most extensive (65,755 sq mi or 170,300 km2), the 3rd-most populous (21,312,211 inhabitants), and the 8th-most densely populated (384.3/sq mi or 148.4/km2) of the U.S. states. Jacksonville is the most populous municipality in the state and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is Florida's most populous urban area. Tallahassee is the state's capital.

Florida's $1.0 trillion economy is the fourth largest in the United States. If it were a country, Florida would be the 16th largest economy in the world, and the 58th most populous . In 2017, Florida's per capita personal income was $47,684, ranking 26th in the nation. The unemployment rate in September 2018 was 3.5% and ranked as the 18th in the United States. Florida exports nearly $55 billion in goods made in the state, the 8th highest among all states. The Miami Metropolitan Area is by far the largest urban economy in Florida and the 12th largest in the United States with a GDP of $345 billion . This is more than twice the number of the next metro area, the Tampa Bay Area, which has a GDP of $145 billion. Florida is home to 51 of the world's billionaires with most of them residing in South Florida.

The first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León, who called it la Florida ([la floˈɾiða] "the land of flowers") upon landing there in the Easter season, known in Spanish as Pascua Florida. Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renowned for amusement parks, orange crops, winter vegetables, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees. Florida is the flattest state in the United States. Lake Okeechobee is the largest freshwater lake in the U.S. state of Florida.

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The tri-state water dispute is a 21st-century water-use conflict among the states of Georgia, Alabama, and Florida over flows in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River Basin and the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has regulated water flow for the entire Chattahoochee River, from Lake Lanier in Forsyth County, Georgia, to Alabama and Florida.

The states filed suit in 1990 in their conflict over the water supply; federal court has affirmed the Corps' authority to negotiate the conflict. As the Lake Lanier project was authorized by Congress, each of the three states is entitled to an equal portion of the water; the project was never envisioned only to benefit metropolitan Atlanta, the closest large city and one that has developed rapidly since the late 20th century, greatly increasing its water consumption. The water flows are also regulated to support a variety of uses by states downriver, including preservation of marine life under the Endangered Species Act, and support for major seafood industries. Read more...

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Gene Spafford giving a speech on computer safety
While traveling near Tampa, Florida I passed the "Jehovah's Witness Assembly Hall" and was struck by the fact that that must be where they make them

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August 6, 2019 –
Florida Governor Ron DeSantis orders law enforcement to handle a criminal probe of Jeffrey Epstein's jail release in the late 2000s. (CNBC)
July 11, 2019 – Tropical Storm Barry (2019)
Louisiana Governor John Bel Edwards declares a state of emergency as Tropical Storm Barry makes unprecedented levels of rainfall on Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama and the western Florida Panhandle. (CNN) (CNN²)
July 6, 2019 – Plantation explosion
23 people are injured in a gas explosion at a shopping mall in Plantation, Florida. (WPLG), (CNN)
June 27, 2019 – 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates and forums
The second of two Democratic Party debates for the nomination of the party's nominee in the 2020 United States presidential election is held in Miami, Florida. (The New York Times)
June 26, 2019 – 2020 United States presidential election, 2020 Democratic Party presidential debates and forums
The first of two Democratic Party debates for the nomination of the party's nominee in the 2020 United States presidential election is held in Miami, Florida. (Reuters)
June 25, 2019 –
A brush fire burns at least 32,000 acres of land in the Florida Everglades amid near record-breaking temperatures. (Accuweather)

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New River Massacre, a work of Cooley
William Cooley (1783 – 1863) was one of the first American settlers, and a regional leader, in what is now known as Broward County, in the U.S. state of Florida. His family was murdered by Seminoles in 1836, during the Second Seminole War. The attack, known as the "New River Massacre", caused immediate abandonment of the area by whites. Cooley was born in Maryland, but little else is known about his life prior to 1813, when he arrived in East Florida as part of a military expedition. He established himself as a farmer in the northern part of the territory before moving south, where he traded with local Indians and continued to farm. He sided with natives in a land dispute against a merchant who had received a large grant from the King of Spain and was evicting the Indians from their lands. Unhappy with the actions of the Spanish, he moved to the New River area in 1826 to get as far as possible from the Spanish influence.

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1910 Cuba hurricane1928 Okeechobee hurricane2012 Budweiser ShootoutAmerican white ibisAndrew SleddBiscayne National ParkDraining and development of the EvergladesEverglades National ParkFlorida Atlantic UniversityGeography and ecology of the EvergladesGregor MacGregorGuy BradleyHogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort)Hurricane AndrewIndigenous people of the Everglades regionJohn F. BoltMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiRosewood massacreSci-Fi Dine-In Theater RestaurantSt. Johns RiverStephen CraneTurning Point (2008 wrestling)USS Massachusetts (BB-2)Walt Disney World RailroadWilliam Cooley

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List of Florida hurricanesList of Tampa Bay Rays seasonsList of University of Central Florida alumniList of birds of FloridaList of counties in FloridaList of governors of FloridaList of invasive species in the EvergladesList of mammals of FloridaList of municipalities in FloridaList of sister cities in FloridaSnow in Florida

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1898 Georgia hurricane1928 Florida Gators football team1976 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1979 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1986 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1987 Gulf Coast tropical storm1987 Tampa Bay Buccaneers season1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election1998 Pepsi 4002003 Budweiser Shootout2005 TNA Super X Cup Tournament2006 Ford 4002008 TNA World X Cup Tournament2009 Budweiser Shootout2009 Ford 4002010 Ford 4002011 Budweiser Shootout2011 Daytona 5002011 Gatorade Duels2012 Daytona 5002012 Gatorade DuelsAgainst All Odds (2005)Albert A. MurphreeAndy HansenApalachee massacreApollo 1Ashlyn HarrisBattle of Flint RiverBob TurleyBomisBound for Glory (2005)Burger KingBurger King franchisesBurger King legal issuesBurger King productsCaroline Street (Key West)Casey Donovan (actor)Catie BallChad MottolaChicago Options AssociatesChuck Baldwin 2008 presidential campaignClimate of FloridaClimate of the Tampa Bay areaCobra's CurseColonial PlazaCool Hand LukeCoral Springs, FloridaDanny ValenciaDara TorresDave Martinez

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Did You Know? Did you know? articles

Stony coral tissue loss disease (2019-07-27)Mike Gioulakis (2019-04-20)Florida shuffle (2019-04-09)Marjorie Paxson (2019-04-05)Wayne Messam (2019-03-15)2003 Budweiser Shootout (2019-03-05)Gaspar Jiménez (2019-02-24)Emilio Milián (2019-02-24)Steve Swindal (2019-02-15)2018 Florida Amendment 4 (2019-02-09)Steinbrenner family (2019-02-02)Reticulated siren (2018-12-24)Agnes Ballard (2018-12-15)Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (2018-12-12)Tallahassee shooting (2018-12-09)Mako (SeaWorld Orlando) (2018-10-04)Colonial Plaza (2018-10-03)Ybor Stadium (2018-09-06)Loxahatchee Groves, Florida (2018-08-02)Bradenton Riverwalk (2018-05-10)Tyler Kinley (2018-04-29)1989 Florida's 18th congressional district special election (2018-04-21)Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore (2018-04-02)Nancy Marcus (2018-03-18)Savannah Jordan (2018-02-03)Ochlockonee River State Park (2018-01-19)Marvin Pipkin (2018-01-19)Orchard Pond Parkway (2018-01-15)Loggerhead Key (2017-10-18)Reid Moore Jr. (2017-09-12)John W. Martin (2017-08-22)Disappearance of Tiffany Daniels (2017-08-12)Frank J. Canova (2017-07-20)Tomahawk chop (2017-06-04)The Visionary (2017-05-30)1966 Miami Dolphins season (2017-05-28)Maurice S. Osser (2017-05-15)Monument of States (2017-04-10)Detachment Hotel (2017-03-07)Henry L. Reaves (2017-02-16)2000 Miami Dolphins season (2017-02-15)Walt Disney World Railroad (2017-01-27)Merian C. Cooper (2016-12-08)Stephanie Murphy (2016-12-06)Wink Groover (2016-11-29)Ecology Party of Florida (2016-11-10)1970 United States Senate election in Florida (2016-11-04)1970 Florida gubernatorial election (2016-10-03)1928 Florida Gators football team (2016-09-28)Daisy Earles (2016-07-21)

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A view from the top of the Citrus Tower
Credit: Ebyabe

The Florida Citrus Tower is a 1956-built tower, standing 226 feet tall. The tower is notable as the most famous landmark of the Orlando area; its top is the highest point in Florida, and it is the highest observation point in Florida.

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Sources

  1. ^ "Cuba's most famous food isn't even from Cuba — or Miami". Matador Network.
  2. ^ "Viva La Cuban Sandwich!". Farmers’ Almanac. March 20, 2015.