A game is structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment and sometimes used as an educational tool. Games are distinct from work, which is usually carried out for payment, and from art, which is more often an expression of aesthetic or ideological elements. However, the distinction is not clear-cut, and many games are also considered to be work, such as professional players of spectator games, or art, such as jigsaw puzzles or games involving an artistic layout such as Mahjong, solitaire, or some video games.
Key components of games are goals, rules, challenge, and interaction. Games generally involve mental or physical stimulation, and often both. Many games help develop practical skills, serve as a form of exercise, or otherwise perform an educational, simulational, or psychological role.
Attested as early as 2600 BC, games are a universal part of human experience and present in all cultures. The Royal Game of Ur, Senet, and Mancala are some of the oldest known games.
Games today span several categories including computer, console and board/card games. Though board and card games is one of the oldest forms of gaming the industry has seen a massive rise in recent years - growing 15%-20% per year since 2008. Popular board/card games include: Settlers of Catan, Smash Up, Yu-Gi-Oh, Pokemon, Magic: The Gathering, Cards Against Humanity, Exploding Kittens and Cul-De-Sac Conquest.
is a home video game console
released by Nintendo
on November 19, 2006. As a seventh-generation
console, the Wii competes with Microsoft
's Xbox 360
's PlayStation 3
. Nintendo states that its console targets a broader demographic
than that of the two others. As of the first quarter of 2012, the Wii led the generation over PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 in worldwide sales, and in December 2009, the console broke the sales record for a single month in the United States.
The Wii has many advanced features compared to previous Nintendo consoles. For example, the primary wireless controller (the Wii Remote) can be used as a handheld pointing device and detects movement in three dimensions. Another notable feature of the console is WiiConnect24, which enables it to receive messages and updates over the Internet while in standby mode. Furthermore, it is the first console to offer the Virtual Console service, with which select emulated games from past systems can be downloaded.
It succeeds the Nintendo GameCube, with early models being fully backward-compatible with all GameCube games and most accessories. Nintendo first spoke of the console at the 2004 E3 press conference and later unveiled it at the 2005 E3. Nintendo CEO Satoru Iwata revealed a prototype of the controller at the September 2005 Tokyo Game Show. By December 8, 2006, it had completed its launch in the four key markets.
In late 2011 Nintendo released a reconfigured model, the "Wii Family Edition", which removed Nintendo GameCube compatibility; this model was not released in Japan. Its successor, the Wii U, was released during the fourth quarter of 2012. The Wii Mini, Nintendo's first major console redesign since the compact SNES, succeeded the standard Wii model on December 7, 2012 in Canada.