Portal:Geography of Kenya

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The Kenyan Geography Portal
This is a sister portal of the Kenya Portal
Geography of Kenyaedit
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The geography of Kenya is diverse, it varies amongst Kenya's 47 Counties. Kenya has a coastline on the Indian Ocean, which contains swamps of East African mangroves. Inland are broad plains and numerous hills. Central and Western Kenya is characterised by the Kenyan Rift Valley home to two of Africa's highest mountains, Mount Kenya and Mount Elgon.The Kakamega Forest in western Kenya is relic of an East African rainforest. Much larger is the Mau Forest, the largest forest complex in East Africa.

Flag-map of Kenya.svg More about...Kenyan geography, its flora and fauna
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Central Island, Lake Turkana
Lake Turkana (/tɜːrˈkɑːnə/ or /tɜːrˈkænə/), formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia. It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake. By volume it is the world's fourth-largest salt lake after the Caspian Sea, Issyk-Kul, and Lake Van (passing the shrinking South Aral Sea), and among all lakes it ranks 24th. The water is potable, but not palatable. It supports a rich lacustrine wildlife. The climate is hot and very dry.

The rocks of the surrounding area are predominantly volcanic. Central Island is an active volcano, emitting vapour. Outcrops and rocky shores are found on the east and south shores of the lake, while dunes, spits and flats are on the west and north, at a lower elevation.

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Selected Faunaedit
Resting Cheetah.jpg
The cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus raineyii) Swahili: Duma is a large feline (family Felidae, subfamily Felinae) inhabiting most of Africa. It is the only extant member of the genus Acinonyx. The cheetah can run faster than any other land animal— as fast as 112 to 120 km/h (70 to 75 mph) Although according to Cheetah, Luke Hunter and Dave Hamman, (Struik Publishers, 2003), pp. 37–38, the cheetah's fastest recorded speed was 110 km/h (68 mph). in short bursts covering distances up to 500 m (1,600 ft), and has the ability to accelerate from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in three seconds. This cat is also notable for modifications in the species' paws. It is one of the few felids with semi-retractable claws.
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Ilemi triangle map.PNG
The Ilemi Triangle is an area of disputed land in East Africa. Arbitrarily defined, it measures between 10,320 and 14,000 square kilometers (3,985 and 5,405 sq mi). Named after Anuak chief Ilemi Akwon, the territory is claimed by South Sudan and Kenya and borders Ethiopia. Despite use and raids by tribes within Ethiopia, the Ethiopian government has never made an official claim on any of the Ilemi and in fact agreed that the land was all Sudanese in 1902, 1907, and 1972 treaties.

Kenya now has de facto control of the area. The dispute arose from unclear wording of a 1914 treaty which attempted to allow for the movements of the Turkana people—nomadic herders who had traditionally grazed the area. The perceived economic marginality of the land as well as decades of Sudanese conflicts are two factors that have delayed the resolution of the dispute.

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Shore of Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve
Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve is a marine park and national reserve in Mombasa, Kenya. The park is 10 km² (2,500 acres) while the reserve is 200 km² (49,400 acres).

It is located on the coast near tourist areas and is a popular beach and snorkelling and diving location. It is the most heavily visited of Kenya's marine parks. It has coral reefs in its waters.

It was established as a Marine Park in 1986, and encloses part of the lagoon, back reef and reef crest habitats of the Bamburi-Nyali fringing reef.

The Marine park is characterised by warm tropical conditions varying at the surface between 25°C and 31°C during the year, stable salinity regimes and moderate nutrient levels.

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Selected Floraedit

Lasianthus kilimandscharicus is a shrub or tree found in Kenya. It becomes 2–7 metres (6 ft 7 in–23 ft 0 in) tall; bark smooth, grey. Leaves (narrowly) elliptic, base cuneate, apex acuminate, 9–17 centimetres (3.5–6.7 in) by 2–6 cm (0.79–2.36 in), glabrous or nearly so. Flowers white or pale purple.

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Did you know?edit


  • ... As of March 2013 Kenya is officially divided into 47 semi autonomous counties.
  • ... Lake Turkana, in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the World.
  • ... Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it. Kenya also has all of the Big five game i.e.: lion, leopard, elephant, buffalo and rhino.
  • ... Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria. It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's 2nd largest freshwater lake at a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
  • ... Mt Kenya is the second tallest Mountain in Africa. It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
  • ... A third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya.
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