Portal:Government of India/Selected lists/January, 2007

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India has a multi-party system with a predominance of small regional parties. Parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI).

Six parties are recognised as national parties. They are sorted into the name, acronym, year of formation and the party leader.

Bahujan Samaj Party BSP 1984 Kanshi Ram
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 1980 Rajnath Singh
Communist Party of India CPI 1925 A.B. Bardhan
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI (M) 1964 Prakash Karat
Indian National Congress INC 1885 Sonia Gandhi
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 1999 Sharad Pawar