Portal:Greater Manchester

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The Greater Manchester Portal

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Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.68 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972.

Greater Manchester spans 493 square miles (1,277 km2). It is landlocked and borders Cheshire (to the south-west and south), Derbyshire (to the south-east), West Yorkshire (to the north-east), Lancashire (to the north) and Merseyside (to the west). There is a mix of high-density urban areas, suburbs, semi-rural and rural locations in Greater Manchester, but land use is mostly urban. It has a focused central business district, formed by Manchester city centre and the adjoining parts of Salford and Trafford, but Greater Manchester is also a polycentric county with ten metropolitan districts, each of which has at least one major town centre and outlying suburbs. The Greater Manchester Urban Area is the third most populous conurbation in the UK, and spans across most of the county's territory.

For the 12 years following 1974 the county had a two-tier system of local government; district councils shared power with the Greater Manchester County Council. The county council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) effectively became unitary authority areas. However, the metropolitan county has continued to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference, and as a ceremonial county, has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff. Several county-wide services were co-ordinated through the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities up until April 2011, when the Greater Manchester Combined Authority was established as the strategic county-wide authority for Greater Manchester, taking on functions and responsibilities for economic development, regeneration and transport.

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Manchester City Football Club is an English professional football club based in the city of Manchester. They are currently members of the English Premier League.

Originally formed in 1880 as St. Marks (West Gorton), they then became Ardwick A.F.C. in 1887 before changing their name to Manchester City F.C. in 1894. The club has won the League Championship twice, the FA Cup four times, the League Cup twice and the European Cup Winners Cup once. The club's most successful period was during the late 1960s and early 1970s, when they won several major trophies under the management team of Joe Mercer and his assistant Malcolm Allison, and with great players such as Colin Bell and Francis Lee.

However, the club has not won a major honour since 1976. The club's decline led to relegation twice in three years in the 1990s, meaning they spent one year in the third tier of English football. However, the club has since regained top flight status, the level at which they have spent the majority of their history.

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Alan Mathison Turing, OBE, FRS (23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, logician and cryptographer.

Turing is often considered to be the father of modern computer science. Turing provided an influential formalisation of the concept of the algorithm and computation with the Turing machine. With the Turing test, he made a significant and characteristically provocative contribution to the debate regarding artificial intelligence: whether it will ever be possible to say that a machine is conscious and can think. He later worked at the National Physical Laboratory, creating one of the first designs for a stored-program computer, the ACE although it was never actually built in its full form. In 1948 he moved to the University of Manchester to work on the Manchester Mark I, then emerging as one of the world's earliest true computers.

During the Second World War Turing worked at Bletchley Park, the UK's codebreaking centre, and was for a time head of Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including the method of the bombe, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine.

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Baguley Hall, a 14th century timber framed hall in Baguley which is also Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Photo credit: Roger May

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Cities and major towns: AltrinchamAshton-under-LyneBoltonManchesterOldhamRochdaleSalfordStalybridgeStockportStretfordWigan

Culture: Bands from ManchesterGay VillageThe HalléMadchesterThe LowryManchester Art GalleryManchester City F.CManchester International FestivalManchester United F.C.Music of ManchesterRoyal Exchange Theatre

Education: List of SchoolsManchester Metropolitan UniversityRoyal Northern College of MusicUniversity of BoltonUniversity of ManchesterUniversity of Salford

History: MamuciumHundred of SalfordPeterloo MassacreCottonopolisManchester BlitzMunich air disasterRedcliffe-Maud Report1996 Manchester bombingXVII Commonwealth GamesHistory of Manchester

People: People from BoltonPeople from ManchesterPeople from OldhamPeople from Stockport

Governance: Civil parishes in Greater ManchesterConstituencies in Greater ManchesterGreater Manchester County CouncilHigh Sheriff of Greater ManchesterPolitics in Manchester

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Featured articles: AltrinchamBert TrautmannChat MossCity of Manchester StadiumDuncan EdwardsEmmeline PankhurstGreater ManchesterJoy DivisionM62 motorwayManchesterManchester, Bolton and Bury CanalManchester City F.C.Manchester Small-Scale Experimental MachinePeterloo MassacreOldhamScout Moor Wind FarmShaw and CromptonStretfordTrafford

Featured lists: Castles in Greater ManchesterGrade I listed buildings in Greater ManchesterList of Manchester City F.C. managersList of Manchester United F.C. managersList of Manchester United F.C. records and statisticsList of Manchester United F.C. seasonsList of Manchester United F.C. playersList of Manchester United F.C. players (25–99 appearances)List of Manchester United F.C. players (fewer than 25 appearances)List of railway stations in Greater ManchesterList of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater ManchesterList of tallest buildings and structures in ManchesterList of tallest buildings and structures in SalfordManchester City F.C. seasons

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Good articles: 1990 Strangeways Prison riotAlan TuringAshton-under-LyneB of the BangBank Street (stadium)Bridgewater CanalBuckton CastleCastleshaw Roman fortChaddertonCine City, WithingtonCity of SalfordControversy over the usage of Manchester Cathedral in Resistance: Fall of ManDavid BeckhamDidsburyDunham MasseyHale BarnsHenry Taylor (swimmer)Hugh MasonHulme Arch BridgeHyde RoadMamuciumManchester and Bolton RailwayManchester LinersManchester MummyManchester Small-Scale Experimental MachineManchester United F.C.MilnrowMurrays' MillsNico DitchNoel GallagherNorth Road (stadium)Ordsall HallOld TraffordOasis (band)Radcliffe, Greater ManchesterRiver IrwellRonnie WallworkRoytonSale, Greater ManchesterTamesideTrafford ParkUpper Brook Street Chapel, ManchesterUrmstonWarburton, Greater Manchester

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