Portal:Greece

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Greek Portal
Acropolis Banner
  

Introduction

Flag of Greece.svg

Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα, About this sound Elláda Greek pronunciation: [eˈlaða]), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία, Ellinikí Dimokratía Greek pronunciation: [eliniˈci ðimokraˈti.a]), historically also known as Hellas (Ancient Greek: Ἑλλάς, Hellás Greek pronunciation: [heˈlas]), is a country located in Southern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens is the nation's capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki.

Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km (8,498 mi) in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres (9,573 ft). The country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Thessaly, Epirus, the Aegean Islands (including the Dodecanese and Cyclades), Thrace, Crete, and the Ionian Islands.

Selected Article

An Athenian marble relief of Artemis, dating from about 400 BCE
Epikleros (ἐπίκληρος) (plural epikleroi) was the name given to an heiress in ancient Athens, and in other ancient Greek city states. It denoted a daughter of a man who had no male heirs. In Sparta they were called patroiouchoi (πατρούχοι), as they were in Gortyn. Athenian women were not allowed to hold property in their own name, so laws to regulate the marriages of epikleroi had to be introduced. Athenian epikleroi were required to marry the nearest male relative of their father, in order to keep their father's property in the family. Even if a woman was already married, evidence suggests that she would have been required to divorce her spouse to marry that relative. Spartan women were allowed to hold property in their own right, and so Spartan heiresses were subject to less restrictive rules. Evidence from other city-states is more fragmentary, only allowing a few observations to be made for Gortyn and Rhegium. Read more...

Featured picture

AcademyOfAthens (3).jpg

The Academy of Athens is one of the three neoclassical buildings in Athens designed by Theophil Hansen that make up what is known as the neoclassical trilogy of Athens.

Did you know?

Greek Colonization Archaic Period.png

Literature and philosophy

Homer

In Greece, from ancient times down to the present, has been produced countless world-famous poetry in addition to philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and historians like Herodotus and Thucydides. Notable figures of modern Greek literature include Odysseas Elytis and Constantine Cavafy.

Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures, for so were the counsels of Zeus fulfilled from the day on which the son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles, first fell out with one another.

— Homer, Iliad

Art

Aphrodite Pan and Eros.jpg

Greek art began in the Cycladic and Minoan prehistorical civilization. The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures. During the Renaissance , the humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists.Read more...

Some articles worth reading

Featured article star.svg 1896 Summer Olympics, Alcibiades, Archimedes, Aspasia, Attalus I, Basiliscus, Battle of Dyrrhachium (1081), Battle of Greece, Byzantine Empire, Byzantine navy, Cleomenean War, Corinthian War, Cretan War (205–200 BC), Demosthenes, Diocletian, El Greco, Epaminondas, Euclidean algorithm, George I of Greece, Greece runestones, Greek mythology, Hippocrates, Manuel I Komnenos, Macedonia (terminology), Orion (mythology), Pericles, Philitas of Cos, Problem of Apollonius, Stamata Revithi, Rhodes blood libel, Slavery in ancient Greece, The Battle of Alexander at Issus, The Penelopiad, Theramenes, Thrasybulus
Symbol a class.svg Battle of Artemisium, Battle of Thermopylae, Battle of Kalavrye, Battle of Marathon, Battle of Salamis, Byzantine civil war of 1341–47, Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, First Macedonian War, John Kourkouas, Yannis Makriyannis, Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria, Vikos–Aoös National Park

WikiProject Greece

GreekFlag-waving.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Greece, a task force dedicated to developing and improving articles about Greece.

Greek wikipedia

Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg
There is a Greek version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Coat of Arms of Greece (Monochromatic).svg

Ancient Greek wikipedia

Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg
There is also an Ancient Greek test version of Wikipedia.
Greek coin tetradrachme panathenaic games-3.png

Pontic Greek wikipedia

Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg
There is a Pontic Greek version of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Mithridates VI of Pontus.jpg

Greece categories

Quotes

- PLATO -


- Greek proverbs in Wikiquote

- Ancient Macedonian quotes in Wikiquote

WikiProject Greece

  

Featured video

A short video of the main sites at the ancient sanctuary of Delphi in Central Greece. Delphi was considered to be the center of the world by the Greeks and the most important oracle in the Greek world.

Notable Greeks

Music

Maria Callas

Cinema

Angelopoulos

Architecture

Phidias

Sculpture

NAMA Stèle du chasseur.jpg

Painting

El Greco

Science

Caratheodory

Philosophy

Aristotle

Literature

Cavafy

Politics

Eleftherios Venizelos

Wikipages related to Greece

Other related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Gnome-network-server.svg Purge server cache