Grenada ( ( listen) grih-NAY-də) is a sovereign state in the southeastern Caribbean Sea consisting of the island of Grenada and six smaller islands at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain. It is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago, northeast of Venezuela and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Its size is 348.5 square kilometres (134.6 sq mi), and it had an estimated population of 107,317 in 2016. Its capital is St. George's. Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" due to its production of nutmeg and mace crops, of which it is one of the world's largest exporters. The national bird of Grenada is the critically endangered Grenada dove.
Before the arrival of Europeans in the Americas, Grenada was inhabited by the indigenous Arawaks and later by the Island Caribs. Christopher Columbus sighted Grenada in 1498 during his third voyage to the Americas. Although it was deemed the property of the King of Spain, there are no records to suggest the Spanish ever landed or settled on the island. Following several unsuccessful attempts by Europeans to colonise the island due to resistance from the Island Caribs, French settlement and colonisation began in 1650 and continued for the next century. On 10 February 1763, Grenada was ceded to the British under the Treaty of Paris. British rule continued, except for a period of French rule between 1779 and 1783, until 1974. From 1958 to 1962, Grenada was part of the Federation of the West Indies, a short-lived federation of British West Indian colonies. On 3 March 1967, Grenada was granted full autonomy over its internal affairs as an Associated State. Herbert Blaize was the first Premier of the Associated State of Grenada from March to August 1967. Eric Gairy served as Premier from August 1967 until February 1974.
The invasion of Grenada, known as Operation Urgent Fury code consisted of the invasion of Grenada, an independent state located in the Lesser Antilles, for the United States and several other nations in response to coup that led to the deposition and execution of Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop.
On October 25, 1983, the United States, Barbados, Jamaica and members of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) and sent a fleet made land troops on the island, crushed Grenadian and Cuban resistance and overthrew the military government of Hudson Austin.
Symbols of Grenada
The Nutmeg is the national emblem for Grenada. Nutmeg is also on the national flag of Grenada and also on the Associated State Flag.
Selected society biography
Dame Hilda Louisa Gibbs Bynoe was the first female governor of Grenada and also became the first woman Governor of a Commonwealth of Nations country, at the time, Grenada was part of the British Empire and still Colonized by Britain. She was a former doctor and Hospital Administrator and spent most of her adult life as a teacher and doctor of medicine in Trinidad and Tobago. She became governor in between 1967 until 1972.
Did you know?
- Grenada is known as the Isle of Nutmeg/Spice and also known as the Spice of the Caribbean.
- Grenada have six parishes.
- Grenada National Dish is Oil Down.
- Mighty Sparrow Origin born in the village of Grand Roy.
- The Queen of England is the Head of State of Grenada.
- Grenada is one of the world's largest exporters of Nutmeg.
- Grenada was the 2nd country in the Caribbean, after Cuba, that overthrow the Government.
- Eric Gairy is the first Prime Minister of Grenada.
- Jennifer Hosten was the first black person to won the Miss World title in 1970.
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