The United States invasion of Grenada
began on 25 October 1983. The invasion, led by the United States
, of the Caribbean
island nation of Grenada
, which has a population of about 91,000 and is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) north of Venezuela
, resulted in a U.S. victory within a matter of days. Codenamed Operation Urgent Fury
, it was triggered by the internal strife within the People's Revolutionary Government
that resulted in the house arrest and the execution of the previous leader and second Prime Minister
of Grenada Maurice Bishop
, and the establishment of a preliminary government, the Revolutionary Military Council with Hudson Austin
. The invasion resulted in the appointment of an interim government, followed by democratic elections in 1984
. The country has remained a democratic nation since then.
Grenada gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. The Marxist-Leninist New Jewel Movement
seized power in a coup in 1979 under Maurice Bishop
, suspending the constitution and detaining a number of political prisoners
. Among Bishop's core principles were workers' rights, women's rights, and the struggle against racism and Apartheid. Under Bishop's leadership, the National Women's Organization was formed which participated in policy decisions along with other social groups. Women were given equal pay and paid maternity leave, and sex discrimination was made illegal. Organisations for education (Center for Popular Education), health care, and youth affairs (National Youth Organization) were also established. Read more...