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Guadeloupe (/ˌɡwɒdəˈlp/; French pronunciation: ​[ɡwadəlup]; Antillean Creole: Gwadloup) is an insular region of France located in the Leeward Islands, part of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. Administratively, it is an overseas region consisting of a single overseas department. With a land area of 1,628 square kilometres (629 square miles) and an estimated population of 400,132 as of January 2015, it is the largest and most populous European Union territory in North America.

Guadeloupe's two main islands are Basse-Terre to the west and Grande-Terre to the east, which are separated by a narrow strait that is crossed with bridges. They are often referred to as a single island. The department also includes the Dependencies of Guadeloupe, which include the smaller islands of Marie-Galante and La Désirade, and the Îles des Saintes.

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A small city across a gray waterway under lowering gray clouds. A road leads to the city across a causeway. Mountains with snow and a low treeline form the backdrop. A few boats are in the water.
Panorama of Pointe de la Grande Vigie (near the village of Anse-Bertrand), the northern most point of the island of Grande-Terre, in Guadeloupe-2007.

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Satellite view of Marie-Galante (NASA).
Marie-Galante is an island of the Caribbean Sea located South of Guadeloupe and North of Dominica. Marie-Galante is a dependency of Guadeloupe, which is an overseas department of France.

With a land area of about 158 km² (61 sq. miles), a population count of 12,009 inhabitants on 2006 census (down from 1961 census figure: 16,341 inhabitants), and a population density of 76 inh. per km² (2006 figure), the island comprises three communes: Grand-Bourg, Capesterre-de-Marie-Galante, and Saint-Louis, which together are forming an intercommunal entity : the Community of Communes of Marie-Galante (French: Communauté de communes de Marie-Galante). Created in 1994, this entity is the oldest intercommunal structure in overseas regions of France. Marie-Galante is more commonly known as "La grande galette" (The Big Cookie) due to its round shape and almost flat surface (its highest peak, the Morne Constant Hill, rises up to 670 ft). Once counting over 106 sugar mills, it is also called the "Island of a hundred windmills", or the "Grande dependence", being the biggest dependency of Guadeloupe. Marie-Galante is undulating substrate calcareous, fanned by the trade winds and subject to cyclones and earthquakes.

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In the news

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Lilian Thuram at Paris Book Fair in March 2012.
Lilian Thuram (born Ruddy Lilian Thuram-Ulien on January 1st, 1972, in Pointe-à-Pitre, Guadeloupe) is a retired professional football defender and is the most capped player in the history of the France national team. Moreover, he is one of the twenty most capped players of all time. He played at the top flight in France, Italy and Spain for over 15 seasons, including ten in the Serie A with both Parma and Juventus. With France national football team, Lilian Thuram won the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2000.

Beyond his football career, Lilian Thuram has always shown political engagement. In such, during the French riots in November 2005, Thuram took a position against Nicolas Sarkozy, then the head of the conservative political party UMP and Minister of the Interior. In particular, Thuram was opposed to the verbal attacks against young people that the then-Minister made when he talked about the "scum". A year after, he sparked controversy inviting 80 people, who had been expelled from a flat where they lived illegally, to a football match between France and Italy. He has also engaged in campaigns in favour of Catalan language and the independence of Roussillon (Northern Catalonia) from France.

Did you know...

...that Hurricane Hugo was the strongest storm to impact Guadeloupe since Hurricane Cleo in 1964, and the worst storm since Hurricane Inez in 1966? In addition, it was the longest-lived North Atlantic tropical cyclone of all times, along with the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane.
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José Mourinho at Chelsea - 2007 (©Mark Freeman)
"As you know Gallas had an unbelievable holiday. I hope he enjoyed it very much in Guadeloupe, which I think is a fantastic place to be on holiday, so he wanted to stay there for a long time."

(On William Gallas missing the first team's trip to the United States because he was on holiday.)

José Mourinho, Chelsea Football Club manager (2004-2007)


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