Gymnastics is a sport that includes exercises requiring balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills
The most common form of competitive gymnastics is artistic gymnastics which consists of (for girls) floor, vault, beam and uneven bars. For boys they have floor, vault, rings, pommel, parallel bars and horizontal bar.
Alicia Marie Sacramone
(born December 3, 1987) is an American retired artistic gymnast
. Sacramone began gymnastics at the age of eight, started competing in the elite ranks in 2002, and joined the U.S. national team in 2003. At the USA Gymnastics National Championships
from 2004 to 2008, she won twelve medals, including four golds on vault
and two golds on floor exercise
. At the World Championships
from 2005 to 2007, she won seven medals, including a floor exercise gold in 2005 and a team gold in 2007. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics
, she won a team silver medal. In 2010, Sacramone made a comeback by winning the National Championship on vault. Later in 2010 at the World Championships, she won the world title on vault as well. Her gold gave her a total of nine medals overall, joining Shannon Miller
and Nastia Liukin
as the U.S. athletes with the most medals at the gymnastics world championships, until the US team won gold in the team finals at the 2011 World Championships. Though she was injured and could not compete, she still received a medal as an official member of the U.S. team, earning her tenth world medal and making her the most decorated U.S. gymnast in the history of the World Championships. Sacramone was noteworthy for supportive leadership of her teammates as well as outspoken remarks in interviews.
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