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Hampshire, sometimes historically Southamptonshire or Hamptonshire, (abbr. Hants) is a county on the south coast of England. The county borders (clockwise from West), Dorset, Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey and West Sussex. The county has an area of 1,455 square miles (3,769 km²) and at its widest points is approximately 55 miles (90 km) east-west and 40 miles (65 km) north-south. The county town is Winchester situated at 51°03′35″N 1°18′36″W / 51.05972°N 1.31000°W / 51.05972; -1.31000. The 2001 census gave the population of the administrative county as 1.24 million; the ceremonial county also includes the cities of Portsmouth and Southampton, which are administratively independent, and has a total population of 1.6 million. Christchurch and Bournemouth, within the historic borders of the county, were made part of the non-metropolitan county of Dorset in 1974.

Hampshire is a popular holiday area, with tourist attractions including its many seaside resorts, the maritime area in Portsmouth, and the motor museum at Beaulieu. The New Forest National Park lies within the borders, as does a large area of the South Downs National Park [1]. Hampshire has a long maritime history and two of England's largest ports lie on its coast. The county is famed as home of the writers Jane Austen and Charles Dickens.

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Fratton Park, Sep 2006.jpg
Portsmouth Football Club Listeni/ˈpɔərtsməθ/ is a professionalfootball club based in the city of Portsmouth, England. Portsmouth's home matches have been played at Fratton Park since the club's formation in 1898. Portsmouth have been champions of England twice, in 1949 and 1950. The club has also won the FA Cup on two occasions, firstly in 1939 and most recently in 2008.

Portsmouth were moderately successful in the first decade of the 21st century, especially during the 2007–08 Premier League season, when they won the FA Cup, beating Cardiff City 1–0 in the final. They subsequently qualified for the 2008–09 UEFA Cup (now Europa League) competing against European heavyweights such as seven times European Cup winners A.C. Milan. During this period, Portsmouth were recognised to have a large number of international footballers, including England players Glen Johnson and Jermain Defoe, as well as Peter Crouch, David James and Sol Campbell. However, financial problems soon set in and Portsmouth were relegated to the Football League Championship in 2010. In 2012 they were again relegated, to League One, and again, in 2013, to League Two. They will therefore begin the 2013-14 season in the fourth tier of the English football league system for the first time since the late 1970s.

Portsmouth became the largest fan-owned football club in England, after the Pompey Supporters Trust (PST) successfully gained possession of Fratton Park in April 2013. Originally installed as caretaker manager, Guy Whittingham became permanent full-time manager on 24 April 2013.

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Credit: Alan Ford
The interior of Portsmouth Cathedral

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Sir Thomas Fleming (April 1544 - August 7, 1613), was an English judge, whose most famous case was the trial of Guy Fawkes in relation to the Gunpowder Plot.

Fleming's father, John, was a general trader and mercer and the family lived in a house just to the east of the entrance to the corn market from the High Street in Newport on the Isle of Wight. He studied law, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1574. He became the Member of Parliament for Winchester in 1584, serving until 1601. His progression within the legal profession was fast (possibly due to several personal connections with the monarch); he became a serjeant-at-law in 1594, and shortly afterwards became Recorder of London. In 1595, the Lord Treasurer, Burleigh, promoted Fleming (in preference to Francis Bacon) to the position of Solicitor General, succeeding Sir Edward Coke who had become Attorney General. Fleming was praised by his contemporaries, more particularly Coke, for his "great judgments, integrity and discretion."

Fleming continued as a Member of Parliament (MP) in 1601, this time representing a Cornish constituency, but his maiden speech on 20 November of that year was a disaster and Fleming broke down; he never addressed the House of Commons again. Nevertheless, he continued to serve as an MP, representing Southampton for several terms. When James I became king in 1603, Fleming was reappointed Solicitor General and received his knighthood the following year, when he was elevated to the bench as Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer. It was in this capacity that he tried Guy Fawkes, although his conduct during the trial was criticised: he was accused of attempting "to look wise, and say nothing".

In 1607, on the death of Sir John Popham, Fleming was elevated to the post of Lord Chief Justice of England. The following year he obtained a Charter for Incorporation for Newport from the king, providing for the election of a mayor instead of the historical appointed bailiff. He assisted in the establishment of a free grammar school in the town. Also in 1608, Fleming was one of the judges at the trial of the post nati in 1608, siding with the majority of the judges in declaring that persons born in Scotland after the accession of James I were entitled to the privileges of natural-born subjects in England.

Fleming died suddenly on 7 August 1613 at Stoneham Park in Hampshire, having given to his servants and farm-labourers what was known in Hampshire as a "hearing day." He had purchased the North Stoneham estate in 1599 from Henry Wriothesley, a young Earl of Southampton who inherited the title and estate at the age of eight. After joining in the festivities, he went to bed, apparently in sound health, but was taken suddenly ill, and died before morning. He was buried in the parish church of North Stoneham, where a stately monument records the numerous successes of his career.

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