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Torch: symbol of enlightenment, and additionally in Hellenism: of wisdom and either life or death.
Hellenism or the Hellenic Ethnic Religion (Greek: Ελληνική Εθνική Θρησκεία), also, Dodekatheism (Greek: Δωδεκαθεϊσμός), Greek polytheism or Olympianism, is the Olympian-based Greek religion and philosophy of modern times. Hellenism as a term was first used in the fourth century by Roman Emperor Julian the Philosopher to reference the Greek religion, and today it includes its continuation. Practitioners are found in the modern Greece and throughout the world.
Hellenism is the mythology, philosophy, theology, and religion of the Greek gods, such as Dodecatheism, the Eleusinian mysteries, the Delphic mysteries, Hermetism, the Dionysian mysteries, Orphism and Pythagoreanism, the Milesian school, the Eleatic school, other pre-Socratic philosophy, Platonism and the Peripatetic school, neo-Platonism and Skepticism and Stoicism and other Hellenistic philosophy from ancient times to the present day.
Important ancient or classical Hellenic teachers, writers, and prophets include Hermes Trismegistus, the Pythia and Sibyl, Hesiod, Apollodorus, Homer, Apollonius of Rhodes, Creophylus of Samos, Orpheus, Thales, Anaximander, Pherecydes of Syros, Xenophanes, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, the seven sages of Greece, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Euclid of Megara, Pyrrho, Zeno of Citium, Epicurus, Ammonius Saccas, Plotinus, and Hypatia of Alexandria, among others.
Hellenism may refer to:
- Greek people and their culture in general
- In the context of the ancient grammarians, the proper use of the Greek language
- A combination of all, or some, of the above in synthesis, as a personal philosophy or world-view.
Ammonius Saccas (3rd century AD) (Ancient Greek: Ἀμμώνιος Σακκᾶς) was a Greek philosopher from Alexandria who was often referred to as one of the founders of Neoplatonism. He is mainly known as the teacher of Plotinus, whom he taught for eleven years from 232 to 243. He was undoubtably the biggest influence on Plotinus in his development of Neoplatonism, although little is known about his own philosophical views. Later Christian writers stated that Ammonius was a Christian, but it is now generally assumed that there was a different Ammonius of Alexandria who wrote biblical texts.
Hellenism's main news source from Greece: YSEE (translated to English)
studied in the East, including at Mt. Carmel.
He and the community (near) there had similar rare practices of ethics (and dress,) and later Socrates described some as virtuous and philosophical. Likewise, a similar community South of Mt. Carmel later kept a text of Plato's Republic
, a dialogue in which Socrates spoke. This interaction has influenced various spirituality near the Eastern Mediterranean to the present day.
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