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Mount Everest as seen from Drukair2 PLW edit.jpg

The Himalayas, or Himalaya (/ˌhɪməˈlə, hɪˈmɑːləjə/), form a mountain range in Asia, separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. The range has many of the Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest. The Himalayas include over fifty mountains exceeding 7,200 m (23,600 ft) in elevation, including ten of the fourteen 8,000-metre peaks. By contrast, the highest peak outside Asia (Aconcagua, in the Andes) is 6,961 m (22,838 ft) tall.

Lifted by the subduction of the Indian tectonic plate under the Eurasian Plate, the Himalayan mountain range runs west-northwest to east-southeast in an arc 2,400 km (1,500 mi) long. Its western anchor, Nanga Parbat, lies just south of the northernmost bend of Indus river. Its eastern anchor, Namcha Barwa, is just west of the great bend of the Yarlung Tsangpo River (upper stream of the Brahmaputra River). The Himalayan range is bordered on the northwest by the Karakoram and the Hindu Kush ranges. To the north, the chain is separated from the Tibetan Plateau by a 50–60 km (31–37 mi) wide tectonic valley called the Indus-Tsangpo Suture. Towards the south the arc of the Himalaya is ringed by the very low Indo-Gangetic Plain. The range varies in width from 350 km (220 mi) in the west (Pakistan) to 150 km (93 mi) in the east (Arunachal Pradesh). The Himalayas are distinct from the other great ranges of central Asia, although sometimes the term 'Himalaya' (or 'Greater Himalaya') is loosely used to include the Karakoram and some of the other ranges.

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Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of Darjeeling district, in the Shivalik Hills on the lower range of the Himalaya, at an average elevation of 2,134 m (6,982 ft). The name "Darjeeling" is a combination of the Tibetan words Dorje ("thunderbolt") and ling ("place"), translating to "The land of the thunderbolt." During the British Raj in India, Darjeeling's temperate climate led to its development as a hill station (hill town) for British residents to escape the heat of the plains during the summers. Darjeeling is internationally famous for its tea industry and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The tea plantations date back to the mid 1800s as part of a British development of the area. The tea growers of the area developed distinctive hybrids of black tea and fermenting techniques, with many blends considered among the world's finest. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway connecting the town with the plains was declared a World Heritage Site in 1999 and is one of the few steam engines still in service in India. Darjeeling has several British-style public schools, which attract students from many parts of India and neighbouring countries. The town, along with neighbouring Kalimpong was a major centre for the demand of a separate Gorkhaland state in the 1980s, though the separatist movement has gradually decreased over the past decade due to the setting up of an autonomous hill council. In the recent years the town's fragile ecology is threatened by a rising demand for environmental resources, stemming from growing tourist traffic and poorly planned urbanisation. (more...)

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Pangong Tso the largest Himalayan lake located at an altitude of 4,600 m.
Photo credit: Abhi182

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Highest peaks of the Himalayas

Peak Name Other names and meaning Elevation (m) Elevation (ft) First ascent Notes
Everest Sagarmatha -"One whose forehead is in the skies",
Chomolangma or Qomolangma -"Mother of the Universe"
8,848 29,028 1953 World's highest mountain Located in Nepal(Around China Border.). Till 2010 A.D., about 2305 people, total of 5501 times, from 20 different countries have climbed Mt. Everest.
K2 Chogo Gangri 8,611 28,251 1954 World's 2nd highest. Located in Pakistan. World's toughest mountain to climb.
Kanchenjunga Kangchen Dzö-nga 8,586 28,169 1955 World's 3rd highest. Located in Nepal.
Lhotse - 8,501 27,939 1956 World's 4th highest and close to Mt Everest. Located in Nepal(Around China Border.).
Makalu - 8,462 27,765 1955 World's 5th highest. Located in Nepal(Around China Border.)
Cho Oyu Mt. Zhuoaoyou 8,201 26,906 1954 World's 6th highest. Located in Nepal(Around China Border.)
Dhaulagiri White Mountain 8,167 26,764 1960 World's 7th highest. Located in Nepal.
Manaslu Kutang - "Mountain of the Spirit" 8,163 26,758 1956 World's 8th highest. Located in Nepal.
Nanga Parbat Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir, "Naked Mountain" 8,125 26,658 1953 World's 9th highest. Located in Pakistan. Considered one of the world's most dangerous mountains to climb.
Annapurna "Goddess of the Harvests" 8,091 26,545 1950 World's 10th highest. Located in Nepal.
Gasherbrum I Hidden Peak (Khumbu Gangri) or K5 8,068 26,470 1958 World's 11th highest. Located in Pakistan.
Broad Peak K3 (Phalchen Gangri) 8,047 26,400 1957 World's 12th highest. Located in Pakistan.
Gasherbrum II K4 8,035 26,360 1956 World's 13th highest. Located in Pakistan.
Shishapangma "Crest above the grassy plains"
Gosainthan -Sanskrit for "place of the saint",
8,027 26,289 1964
Gyachung Gangri - 7,922 26,089 1964
Nanda Devi "Bliss-Giving Goddess" 7,817 25,645 1936 India
Kamet - 7,756 25,447 1931 India
Kabru - 7,338 24,258 1935
Bumo Gangri "Unmarried Daughter" 7,161 23,494 1962 Popular climbing peak.



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