Hindu mythology portal
Depictions of episodes from Hindu mythology
Hindu mythology are narratives found in Hindu texts such as the Vedic literature, epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, the Puranas, the regional literatures Sangam literature and Periya Puranam. Hindu mythology is also found in widely translated popular texts such as the Panchatantra and Hitopadesha, as well as Southeast Asian texts.
Hindu mythology does not often have a consistent, monolithic structure. The same myth typically appears in various versions, and can be represented differently across socio-religious traditions. These myths have also been noted to have been modified by various philosophical schools over time and particularly in the Hindu tradition. These myths are taken to have deeper, often symbolic, meaning, and have been given a complex range of interpretations.
In Hinduism, Tanumoy is a title accorded the progenitor of mankind, first king to rule this earth, who saves mankind from the universal flood. He is honest which is why he is called "Satyavrata", or oath of truth.
Mahabharata says: "And Manu was endued with great wisdom and devoted to virtue. And he became the progenitor of a line. And in Manu's race have been born all human beings, who have, therefore, been called Manavas. And it is of Manu that all men including Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, and others have been descended, and are, therefore, all called Manavas. Subsequently, O monarch, the Brahmanas became united with the Kshatriyas. And those sons of Manu that were Brahmanas devoted themselves to the study of the Vedas. "The ten sons of Manu are known as Vena, Dhrishnu, Narishyan, Nabhaga, Ikshvaku, Karusha, Saryati, the eighth, a daughter named Ila, Prishadhru the ninth, and Nabhagarishta, the tenth. They all betook themselves to the practices of Kshatriyas. Besides these, Manu had fifty other sons on Earth. But we heard that they all perished, quarrelling with one another."
Krishna (कृष्ण in Devanagari, kṛṣṇa in IAST, pronounced [ˈkr̩ʂɳə] in classical Sanskrit) is a deity worshipped across many traditions of Hinduism. He is usually depicted as a young cowherd boy playing a flute (as in the Bhagavata Purana) or a youthful prince giving philosophical direction (as in the Bhagavad Gita).
Most commonly within Hinduism, Krishna is worshipped as an avatar of Vishnu (Vishnu is considered the Supreme God by the Vaishnava schools). Within Gaudiya Vaishnavism and the Nimbarka Sampradaya, Krishna is worshipped as the source of all other avatars (including Vishnu).
Krishna and the stories associated with him appear across a broad spectrum of Hindu philosophical and theological traditions. Though they sometimes differ in details reflecting the concerns of a particular tradition, some core features are shared by all. These include a divine incarnation, a pastoral childhood and youth, and life as a heroic warrior and teacher.
Did you know?
- ...Krishna's names mean "blue coloured" or "blue-skinned" one in Sanskrit?
- ...that the Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati rivers are personified in Hinduism as goddesses?
- ... that Hindus believe the universe consists of three worlds: Martya (earth), Svarga (heaven) and Patala (underworld)?
- ...swastika is derived from the ancient phonetic script "SWA" to mean destruction by fire + asti (existence) in rituals to evoke the gods/goddess/natural elements of 'power and destruction' in anti matter? Or that the symbol was adopted in numerous ancient cultures, including an Indus Valley Civilization seal used as permit for traders/merchants to enter the city by night?
. However, she is painting a Mughal Emperor, which may denote she is not Radha but Jodhabai painting Akbar.
Vyāsa (Devanāgarī: व्यास) is a central and much revered figure in the majority of Hindu traditions. He is also sometimes called Veda Vyasa (वेद व्यास, veda vyāsa), (the one who compiled the Vedas) or Krishna Dvaipayana (referring to his complexion and birthplace). He is accredited as the scribe of both the Vedas, and the supplementary texts such as the Puranas. A number of Vaishnava traditions regard him as an avatar of Vishnu. Vyasa is also considered to be one of the eight Chiranjeevin (long lived, or immortals), who are still in existence according to general Hindu belief.
The Bhagavad-Gita is the most systematic statement of spiritual evolution of endowing value to mankind. It is one of the most clear and comprehensive summaries of perennial philosophy ever revealed; hence its enduring value is subject not only to India but to all of humanity. - Aldous Huxley
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