Hisar pronunciation (help·info)(Hindi: हिसार) city, previously spelled Hissar, is the administrative headquarters of Hisar district, in the state of Haryana, in northwestern India. It is located 164 kilometres to the west of New Delhi, capital of India. Hisar is India's largest galvanized iron manufacturing city. Due to presence of a large steel industry, it is also known as The City of Steel.
Hisar was founded in 1354 AD, as Hisar-e-Firoza by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, who reigned over the Sultanate of Delhi from 1351 to 1388. Firoz Shah also brought the waters of the Yamuna river here by means of canal. Ghaggar and Drishadvati rivers once used to flow through the city. Hisar has a continental climate, with very hot summers and relatively cool winters.
Hisar was ruled by major powers, including the Mauryans in the 3rd century BC, Tughlaqs in the 14th century, Mughals in the 16th century and Britishers in the 19th century. After independence of India, it was unified with the state of Punjab. After the division of Punjab in 1966, it is now a part of Haryana.
Most commonly spoken languages are Hindi and English whereas the most common dialects are Haryanvi and Bagri. Average literacy rate is 81.04 %. In the 1960s, the per capita income of the city was highest in the country.
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Saina Nehwal (born March 17, 1990) is an Indian Khel Ratna badminton player currently ranked 5 in the world by Badminton World Federation. Saina is the first Indian woman to reach the singles quarterfinals at the Olympics and the first Indian to win the World Junior Badminton Championships. Saina Nehwal made history on June 21, 2009, becoming the first Indian to win a Super Series tournament, by clinching the Indonesia Open with a victory over higher-ranked Chinese Wang Lin in Jakarta.
Saina won her second career Super Series title by winning the Singapore Open title on June 20, 2010. She completed a hat-trick in the same year by winning the Indonesian Open on June 27, 2010. This win resulted in her rise to 3rd ranking and subsequently to No. 2. Later in the same year she also won Hong Kong Super Series on December 12, 2010. After experiencing a poor 2011 season, Saina become the first Indian singles player to reach the summit stage of year-ending Super Series Finals defeating two-time All England champion and World No. 5 Tine Baun in the semi-finals.
Previously coached by S. M. Arif, a Dronacharya Award winner, Saina is the reigning Indian national junior champion and is currently coached by Indonesian badminton legend Atik Jauhari since August 2008, with the former All England champion and national coach Pullela Gopichand being her mentor.
O. P. Jindal Knowledge Centre was inaugurated in 2009 in the memory of O. P. Jindal. The centre has a museum, library, herbal park, skating rink and a cafeteria. It also houses a 25-storied 282 metre high steel tower built on the lines of Seattle Tower. The tower is the tallest of its kind in Asia and the second tallest steel tower in the world.
George Thomas (born Roscrea, Tipperary, c1756; died Barhampur, India, August 22, 1802) was an Irish mercenary who was active in 18th century India. In the 1790s he was the most successful general in India. His father was a poor Catholic tenant farmer near Roscrea who died when George was a child. Originally pressganged at Youghal, where he worked as a labourer on the docks, Thomas deserted from the British Navy in Madras in 1781. Still illiterate, he led a group of Pindaris north to Delhi by 1787, where he took service under Begum Samru of Sardhana. Supplanted in her favour by a Frenchman, he transferred his allegiance to Appa Rao, a Mahratta chieftain.
He fought one of his best campaigns against the Sikh chiefs, taking almost all of the Punjab. He was finally defeated and captured by Sindhia's army under General Pierre Cuillier-Perron. He died on his way down the Ganges on August 22, 1802.
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