Portal:Indiana

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Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Sheet music
"On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away" was among the best-selling songs of the 19th century, in terms of sheet music sold. Written and composed by American songwriter Paul Dresser, it was published by the Tin Pan Alley firm of Howley, Haviland & Co. in October 1897. The lyrics of the ballad reminisce about life near Dresser's childhood home by the Wabash River in Indiana. It remained popular for decades and the Indiana General Assembly adopted it as the official state song of Indiana on March 14, 1913. The song was the basis for a 1928 film by the same title. Its longtime popularity led to the emergence of several different lyrical versions, including an 1898 anti-war song and a Swedish version that was a number one hit. The ambiguity of United States copyright laws at the time and the poor management of Dresser's estate left the song vulnerable to plagiarism. The now more widely known 1917 song "Back Home Again in Indiana" borrowed heavily from Dresser's song, both lyrically and musically, and led to a dispute with Dresser's estate that was never resolved.

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James Riddle "Jimmy" Hoffa (born February 14, 1913 in Brazil, Indiana, disappeared July 30, 1975), was an American labor leader. As the president of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters from the mid-1950s to the mid-1960s, Hoffa wielded considerable influence. After he was convicted of attempted bribery of a grand juror, he served nearly a decade in prison. He is also well-known in popular culture for the mysterious circumstances surrounding his unexplained disappearance and presumed death. His son James P. Hoffa is the current president of the Teamsters.

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Evansville is the third-largest city in the state of Indiana. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 121,582, and a metropolitan population of 342,815. It is the county seat of Vanderburgh County and the regional hub for the Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois tri-state area. Settled in 1812, the city is situated on a gentle horseshoe bend on the Ohio River and often referred to as "River City." One of the most popular attractions in the region is Casino Aztar, the first riverboat casino in the state of Indiana. Evansville is also home to both the University of Evansville and the University of Southern Indiana. In 2004 Evansville was named an "All-America City" by the National Civic League.

State facts

The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
Nickname(s): The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official language English
Capital Indianapolis
Largest city Indianapolis
Largest metro Indianapolis-Carmel MSA
Area Ranked 38th
 • Total 36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width 140 miles (225 km)
 • Length 270 miles (435 km)
 • % water 1.5
 • Latitude 37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude 84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
Population Ranked 15th
 • Total 6,080,485
 • Density 169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th
Elevation
 • Highest point Hoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean 689 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest point Ohio River[1]
320 ft (98 m)
Admission to Union December 11, 1816 (19th)
Governor Mike Pence (R) (2013)
Lieutenant Governor Susan Ellspermann (R) (2013)
Legislature Indiana General Assembly
 • Upper house Senate
 • Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Joe Donnelly (D)
Dan Coats (R)
U.S. House delegation List
Time zones  
 • 80 counties Eastern UTC-5/-4
 • 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5
ISO 3166 US-IN
Abbreviations IN
Website www.in.gov

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William Henry Harrison daguerreotype edit.jpg
... the strongest of all governments is that which is most free.
William Henry Harrison, in an 1828 letter to Simón Bolívar

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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86

  1. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-06.