The Republic of India is a country of greater part of the Indian subcontinent. It borders Pakistan in the northwest, the People's Republic of China, Nepal, and Bhutan in the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar in the east. India's coastline stretches for over seven thousand kilometers. Its neighbours in the Indian Ocean are the island nations of the Maldives in the southwest, Sri Lanka in the south, and Indonesia in the southeast. India is the second most populated country in the world, with a population of over one billion and is the seventh largest country by geographical area. It is a constitutional republic consisting of twenty nine States and seven union territories. The word India derives from the Old Persian cognate for the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the Indus river. The Constitution of India also recognizes Bhārat listen (help·info) as an official name with equal status.
A centre of important historic trade routes, India is the home to some of the most ancient civilisations. India is the birthplace to four world religions:Jainism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Hinduism. It also has the largest Muslim population in the world after Indonesia and Pakistan. Hinduism is the major religion followed in India. India is a secular country. India was a former colony of the British Empire under the British Raj before gaining independence on 15 August 1947. The country has witnessed significant economic and military growth after the liberalization of the Indian economy. India is also well known for upholding the concept of peace, as was demonstrated by its peaceful method of freedom struggle.
National Anthem of India
Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties are important parts of the Constitution of India. The Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties of the citizens of India address freedom and democracy in the country, and the Directive Principles guide the Government in making laws and policies. The Fundamental Rights are basic human freedoms which every citizen of India has the right to enjoy for a proper and harmonious development of his personality. These rights, set out in Part III of the Constitution of India, universally apply to all citizens, irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed, colour or sex. The Directive Principles of State Policy are guidelines that the Government should use while framing laws and policies. These provisions, contained in Part IV of the Constitution, relate to social justice, economic welfare, legal and administrative matters, and foreign policy. The Fundamental Duties are moral obligations on all citizens of India which help promote a spirit of patriotism and uphold the unity, integrity and sovereignty of India. These duties, given in Part IV–A of the Constitution of India, concern the self, the environment, the State and society. and the Nation. (more...)
- Yogi Adityanath becomes UP CM
- BJP wins elections in Uttarakahand and Uttar Pradesh(against a strong alliance), loses to congress in Punjab and almost draws in Manipur and the state of Goa
- Demonetisation pulls down India GDP growth rate to 6.1% in Q4 2016-17
- India — which till now found a place under the common umbrella with other 'developing' countries —will now be called 'lower-middle income country/South Asia'.
- ISRO breaks the world record by launching maximum number of satellites in a single payload
- Demonetization has been issued against 500 and 1000 rupees notes and introduced 2000 rupee note by Mr.Modi which fails to get the expected results.
- Yakub Memon, 53, terrorist and chartered accountant, convicted of financing the 1993 Bombay bombings, executed by hanging.
- More than 2,500 people die due to a heat wave across the country.
India is the world's largest democracy.
The number zero was invented in India by Aryabhata, a mathematician and astronomer.
Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India. The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.
Chess originated in India during the Gupta Empire.
One of the largest employers in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million.
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