Indianapolis () is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. As of 2017, Indianapolis is the third most populous city in the American Midwest and 16th most populous in the U.S., with an estimated population of 863,002. The Indianapolis metropolitan area is the 34th most populous metropolitan statistical area in the U.S., with 2,028,614 residents. Its combined statistical area ranks 27th, with a population of 2,411,086. Indianapolis covers 368 square miles (950 km2), making it the 16th largest city by land area in the U.S.
Indigenous peoples inhabited the area dating to approximately 2000 BC. In 1818, the Delaware relinquished title to their tribal lands in the Treaty of St. Mary's. In 1821, Indianapolis was founded as a planned city for the new seat of Indiana's state government. The city was platted by Alexander Ralston and Elias Pym Fordham on a 1 square mile (2.6 km2) grid adjacent to the White River. Completion of the National and Michigan roads and arrival of rail (1847) later solidified the city's position as a manufacturing and transportation hub. Two of the city's nicknames originate from its historical ties to transportation—the "Crossroads of America" and "Railroad City".
ATA Airlines, Inc.
, formerly known as American Trans Air
, is a bankrupt American
low-cost scheduled service and charter airline
based in Indianapolis
. ATA operated scheduled passenger flights throughout the U.S. mainland
, as well as military and commercial charter flights around the world. The airline
maintained focus cities
at Chicago Midway International Airport
, Honolulu International Airport
, and Oakland International Airport
The airline's parent company, New ATA Holdings, Inc. (the successor to ATA Holdings Inc. which was also once known as Amtran), recently changed its name to Global Aero Logistics, Inc. and had announced plans to purchase World Air Holdings, Inc. for $315 million in an all cash transaction with the financial backing of the Matlin Patterson Investment firm. Approval of the transaction is scheduled to be completed at the end of 2007. World Air Holdings, Inc. owned and operated North American Airlines and World Airways as two separate US-certified air carriers. ATA Airlines and both of World Air Holdings, Inc.'s subsidiary carriers operate from similar business models.
Did you know...
The Indianapolis 500-Mile Race
, often shortened to Indianapolis 500
or Indy 500
, and historically known simply as "The 500," is an American automobile race
, held annually over the Memorial Day
weekend at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway
in Speedway, Indiana
. The event lends its name to the "IndyCar
" class of formula
, or open-wheel
, race cars that have competed in it.
The event, billed as "The Greatest Spectacle in Racing", is one of the oldest and richest motorsport events, and one of the three most important motor racing events in existence, with one of the largest attendances, and radio and television audiences, of any single-day sporting event worldwide. While the official attendance is not disclosed by Speedway management, news media estimate attendance in excess of 270,000
The 92nd running is scheduled for Sunday May 25, 2008. It will mark the 63rd consecutive year of uninterrupted occurrence.
On this day in Indianapolis history...
The James Whitcomb Riley Museum Home
, one of two homes known as the James Whitcomb Riley House
on the National Register of Historic Places
, is a historic building in the Lockerbie Square Historic District
of Indianapolis, Indiana
. It was named a National Historic Landmark
An Indianapolis baker, John R. Nickum, had the building built in 1872. Nickum had the money to build the house as he had supplied the Union Army in Indianapolis with hardtack, a form of cracker despised by soldiers, during the Civil War. Nickum's daughter, Magdalena, and her husband Charles Holstein, a lawyer, would possess it when, in 1893, they invited noted poet James Whitcomb Riley to live with them. Riley had a bedroom on the second floor in this building for 23 years, helping the Holsteins with expenses.
David Michael Letterman
(born April 12, 1947 in Indianapolis
) is an award-winning American television personality
, late night talk show
host, television producer
, Indy Racing League
. His first major success was on the long-running NBC
television program Late Night with David Letterman
, before he transferred to CBS
in 1993 to his current position on The Late Show
. Letterman's ironic
, often absurd
comedy is heavily influenced by comedians Steve Allen
, Andy Kaufman
and Johnny Carson
In early 2005, it was revealed that retired King of Late Night Johnny Carson still kept up with current events and late-night TV right up to his death that year, and that he occasionally sent jokes to Letterman, who used these jokes in his monologue; according to CBS senior vice president Peter Lassally (a onetime producer for both men), Carson got "a big kick out of it." Letterman would do a characteristic Johnny Carson golf swing after delivering one of Carson's jokes. In a tribute to Carson, all of the opening monologue jokes during the first show following Carson's death were written by Carson. Lassally also claimed that Carson had always believed Letterman, not Leno, to be his "rightful successor." Letterman also frequently employs some of Carson's trademark bits on his show, including "Carnac the Magnificent" (with Paul Shaffer as Carnac), "Stump the Band" and the "Week in Review."
- "Every race I run in is in preparation for the Indianapolis 500. Indy is the most important thing in my life. It is what I live for." -- former IRL driver Al Unser
- "What's that? Uh -- Playoffs? Don't talk about -- playoffs? You kidding me? Playoffs? I just hope we can win a game!" -- former Colts coach Jim E. Mora
- "The jazz scene - or the lack of it - has no correlation to my move back to Indianapolis. I wanted Indianapolis to be my home, and it is my home." -- jazz musician J. J. Johnson
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