Portal:Indonesia

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The Indonesian Portal

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Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a nation of islands consisting of almost 18,000 islands located in the South East Asian Archipelago. It covers the distance from Sabang in the west to Merauke to east (about 5,000 kilometres [3,100 mi]) and from the island of Miangas in the north to the islands of Rote to south (about 1,000 kilometres [620 mi]). The country respects its diversity with the motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or "Unity in Diversity". Jakarta, the nation's capital city, is located on island of Java, which is one of the five most populous islands in the nation, along with Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi and New Guinea.

Europeans first started visiting the archipelago in the Sixteenth Century. For example the famous British circumnavigator, Sir Francis Drake arrived in Ternate in the Moluccas Islands in November 1579. Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and British continued to arrive over the next century. Later, these countries demanded more than spices and began colonising the archipelago. The Dutch ruled the area for more than 300 years and, in 1942, the Japanese arrived in Indonesia and ruled for three years. Indonesia declared its independence on 17 August 1945. It is the world's fourth most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority nation, with more than 250 million citizens.

Selected article

Indonesia held legislative elections on 5 April 2004 for both houses of the People's Consultative Assembly, the country's national legislature. This included all 550 seats in the People's Representative Council and 128 seats of the new Regional Representative Council. Final results of the popular vote tally showed that Golkar received the largest number of votes. It had lost to the Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle in the 1999 legislative election. The Democratic Party and the Prosperous Justice Party, two of the newest parties to participate in the elections, received a combined 14.8 percent of the popular vote. Based on the final allocation of seats in the People's Representative Council, five parties were qualified to submit candidates for the country's first direct presidential election later in the year. The election has been described as the most complicated election in the history of democracy. (Read more...)

Selected biography

Christine Hakim.jpg

Christine Hakim (born 1956) is an Indonesian actress and film producer. Born in Jambi and raised in Yogyakarta, she was discovered by Teguh Karya and starred in his 1973 movie Cinta Pertama together with Slamet Rahardjo. She won a Citra Award at the Indonesian Film Festival, the country's equivalent to the Academy Awards, for the role. She continued acting, including a role as the Acehnese guerrilla Cut Nyak Dhien in the film of the same name, which won the 1989 Cannes Film Festival award for Best International Film. Hakim made her first film as a producer in 1998, with Garin Nugroho's Daun di Atas Bantal; she has since produced several other films. In her personal life she is an activist for education and autism; in 2008 she was selected as a goodwill ambassador to UNESCO, focusing on educational issues. During her career Hakim has won numerous awards, including six Citra Awards and a lifetime achievement award at the Cinemanila International Film Festival. (Read more...)

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Pitaya cross section ed2.jpg
A cross section of a pitaya, a common fruit in Indonesia

Photographer: SMasters; License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA

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