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The Indonesian Portal

Flag of the Republic Of Indonesia Coat of arms of the Republic of Indonesia
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Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a nation of islands consisting of almost 18,000 islands located in the South East Asian Archipelago. It covers the distance from Sabang in the west to Merauke to east (about 5,000 kilometres [3,100 mi]) and from the island of Miangas in the north to the islands of Rote to south (about 1,000 kilometres [620 mi]). The country respects its diversity with the motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or "Unity in Diversity". Jakarta, the nation's capital city, is located on island of Java, which is one of the five most populous islands in the nation, along with Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi and New Guinea, and the most populous island in the world.

Europeans first started visiting the archipelago in the Sixteenth Century. For example the famous British circumnavigator, Sir Francis Drake arrived in Ternate in the Moluccas Islands in November 1579. Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and British continued to arrive over the next century. Later, these countries demanded more than spices and began colonising the archipelago. The Dutch ruled the area for more than 300 years and, in 1942, the Japanese arrived in Indonesia and ruled for three years. Indonesia declared its independence on 17 August 1945. It is the world's fourth most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority nation, with more than 250 million citizens.

Selected article

Gutawa 2004 1.JPG

"Kidung Abadi" (English: "Eternal Ballad") is a song written by father and daughter team Erwin (pictured) and Gita Gutawa for the Kidung Abadi Chrisye concert; the concert was held on 5 April 2012 to commemorate the fifth anniversary of Chrisye's death. The song was created over a period of three months by splicing syllables from previously-recorded vocals by Chrisye. At the concert, spliced black-and-white footage of Chrisye was shown lip synching to the song while Erwin's orchestra performed the music. The song was well received: the audience gave it a rowdy ovation, while critics praised its lyrics and described it as one of the best parts of the concert. (Read more...)

Selected biography

Maria Ulfah Santoso.jpg

Maria Ulfah Santoso (1911–88) was an Indonesian women's rights activist and politician. The daughter of a politician, she became interested in women's rights after seeing numerous injustices in her youth. She graduated with a degree in law from Leiden University in 1933; while in the Netherlands she also became involved in the Indonesian nationalist movement. Upon returning to the Dutch East Indies, Santoso began teaching and working towards marriage reform. She was a member of the Committee for Preparatory Work for Indonesian Independence, and later became the Social Minister. Chosen for the cabinet post in part for her emancipatory activities, Santoso paved the way for other female cabinet members. After her term, she continued to work with the government in various capacities. (Read more...)

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Oerip Soemohardjo

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Indonesian Army infantryman participating in the GPOI.jpg
A member of the Indonesian National Armed Forces during UN training

Photographer: Jason Shepherd (U.S. Army); License: Public domain

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