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Portal:Ireland

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Fáilte go dtí Tairseach na hÉireann!
Fair faa ye tae tha Airlann Inlat!
Welcome to the Ireland Portal!


Sister portal:
NIShape.png
Northern Ireland
Satellite image of Ireland

Ireland (Irish: Éire, Ulster Scots: Airlann) is the third-largest island in Europe and the twentieth-largest island in the world. It lies to the north-west of continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. The Republic of Ireland covers five-sixths of the island. Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom, covers the remainder and is located in the northeast of the island. The population of Ireland is estimated to be 6.2 million. Slightly less than 4.5 million are estimated to live in the Republic of Ireland and slightly less than 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.

Relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain to epitomise the Ireland's geography with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has a lush vegetation, a product of its mild but changeable oceanic climate, which avoids extremes in temperature. Thick woodlands covered the island until the 1600s. Today, it is the most deforested area in Europe. Twenty-six mammal species are native to Ireland, with some, such as the red fox, hedgehog and badger, being very common. Others, like the Irish hare, red deer and pine marten are less so.

Irish culture has had a significant influence on culture world-wide, particularly in the fields of literature and, to a lesser degree, science and learning. A strong indigenous culture, expressed for example through native sports and the Irish language, exists alongside a regional culture, such as Rugby football and golf. Read more ...


Selected article

Aibidil Gaoidheilge agus Caiticiosma ("Irish Alphabet and Catechism") is the first book printed in Ireland in the Irish language. Meant as a Protestant primer, the book was written by John Kearney (Irish: Seán Ó Cearnaigh), a treasurer of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. It includes a short section on the spelling and sounds of Irish.

The production of this book was part of a larger endeavour by Irish Protestants to print the Bible in the Irish language so that the common person could read it. The book was printed on a press which was set up in the home of Alderman John Ussher (Irish: Sheón ̧user). Ussher, who was a well-known Dublin Protestant, also paid for the venture. Though the printer's identity is unknown, it is possible that William Kearney, a nephew of John Kearney was the printer.

200 copies of the book were printed but only four known copies exist today. In 1995 a copy of the book was bought by Trinity College Library Dublin for £47,700 ($76,463) at Christie's. Read more...

Selected biography

George Best.jpg

George Best (22 May 1946 – 25 November 2005) was a Northern Irish football player best known for his years with Manchester United. He was a winger whose game combined pace, acceleration, balance, two-footedness, goalscoring and the ability to beat defenders. In 1968, his annus mirabilis, he won the European Cup with Manchester United, and was named the European Footballer of the Year. When fit, he was an automatic choice for the Northern Ireland team, but he was unable to lead them to the FIFA World Cup tournament.

In 1999 he was voted 11th, behind Marco van Basten, at the IFFHS European Player of the Century election and 16th, behind Lothar Matthäus, in the World Player of the Century election. Pelé named him as one of the 125 best living footballers in his 2004 FIFA 100 list and Best was named 19th, behind Gerd Müller, at the UEFA Golden Jubilee Poll. In his native Northern Ireland the admiration for him is summed up by the local saying: "Maradona good; Pelé better; George Best."

He was one of the first celebrity footballers, but his extravagant lifestyle led to problems with alcoholism which curtailed his playing career and eventually led to his death at the age of 59. His cause of death was a kidney infection, a side-effect of the immuno-suppressive drugs he was required to take after a liver transplant. Best's lovable, cheeky image won him many fans, during his career and after, despite his public drunkenness on TV, his convictions for drunk driving and assaulting a policeman, allegations of domestic violence, and his inability to give up drinking even after the transplant. 100,000 people turned out on a rainy day for his funeral in East Belfast. Read more...

 

Selected series: Irish cities

Waterford
Port Láirge
From top, left to right: Waterford Marina, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Reginald's Tower, a piece of Waterford Crystal, Waterford City by night.
From top, left to right: Waterford Marina, Holy Trinity Cathedral, Reginald's Tower, a piece of Waterford Crystal, Waterford City by night.
Flag of Waterford
Flag
Coat of arms of Waterford
Coat of arms
Motto: Urbs Intacta Manet Waterfordia  (Latin)
"Waterford remains the untaken city"
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County Waterford
Founded 914 A.D.
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Mayor Mary Roche
 • LEAs 3
 • Dáil Éireann Waterford
 • European Parliament South
Area
 • City 41.58 km2 (16.05 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • City 45,748
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
 • Urban 49,213
Time zone WET (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) IST (UTC+1)
Area code(s) 051
Car plates W
Website www.waterfordcity.ie


Categories

Featured articles

1981 Irish hunger strike · Abbey Theatre · Achtung Baby · Aldfrith of Northumbria · Arnold Bax · Book of Kells · Richard John Bingham, 7th Earl of Lucan · Burke and Hare murders · Richard Cantillon · Charles I of England · Tom Crean · Andrew Cunningham · Drapier's Letters · Dave Gallaher · Geography of Ireland · Michael Gomez · Augusta, Lady Gregory · Head VI · House of Plantagenet · International goals scored by Robbie Keane · Irish phonology · Irish Victoria Cross recipients · James Joyce · James II of England · George Moore · Murder of Julia Martha Thomas · Cillian Murphy · Nelson's Pillar · James Nesbitt · No Line on the Horizon · Postage stamps of Ireland · Representative peer · Ernest Shackleton · George Bernard Shaw · Charles Villiers Stanford · John Millington Synge · The Revolution Will Not Be Televised · U2 · U2 3D · William Butler Yeats · Zoo TV Tour

Note: Links in bold have been featured on the main page.

Related portals

United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe
United Kingdom Northern Ireland Scotland Isle of Man Wales Cornwall England European Union Europe

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Simply add {{Portal|Ireland}} to a page. If you need to use a flag, to avoid causing offense, please use the Four Provinces flag e.g. {{Portal|Ireland}}.

If you are new to Wikipedia then Céad Mile Fáilte! This portal is for articles on Wikipedia that relate to Ireland (both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland). Like all of Wikipedia, it is written collaboratively and, like any article that you find using it, it too can be edited by anyone.

There is an active community of editors working on Ireland-related articles on Wikipedia and there are dedicated projects that tie this community together. To get in touch with them - or just to find out more - drop by at one of the parent Ireland-related projects:

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If you would like to involve yourself with the Irish on Wikipedia, the section below will connect you to communities of editors working on specific Ireland-related topics. It also contains an up-to-date to do list for Ireland-related articles so you can start helping out right now. Click [show] (below, right) to see it all:

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