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Islam (/ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: الإسلام, al-ʾIslām [ɪsˈlaːm] (listen), transl. "Submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centred primarily around the Quran, a religious text considered by Muslims to be the direct word of God (or Allah) as it was revealed to Muhammad, the main and final Islamic prophet. It is the world's second-largest religion behind Christianity, with its followers ranging between 1-1.8 billion globally, or around a quarter of the world's population. Due to the average younger age and higher fertility rate, Islam is the world's fastest growing major religious group, and is projected by Pew Research Center to be the world's largest religion by the end of the 21st century, surpassing that of Christianity. It teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through various prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs, with the Quran serving as the final and universal revelation and Muhammad serving as the "Seal of the Prophets" (the last prophet of God). The teachings and practices of Muhammad (sunnah) documented in traditional collected accounts (hadith) provide a secondary constitutional model for Muslims to follow after the Quran.

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times through earlier prophets such as Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus, among others; these earlier revelations are attributed to Judaism and Christianity, which are regarded in Islam as spiritual predecessor faiths. They also consider the Quran, when preserved in Classical Arabic, to be the unaltered and final revelation of God to humanity. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches of a "Final Judgement" wherein the righteous will be rewarded in paradise (Jannah) and the unrighteous will be punished in hell (Jahannam). The religious concepts and practices of Islam include the Five Pillars of Islam—considered obligatory acts of worship —and following Islamic law, sharia, which touches on virtually every aspect of life, from banking and finance and welfare to women's roles and the environment. The Five Pillars comprise Shahada, the Islamic oath and creed; Salah, daily prayers; Zakat, forms of almsgiving; Sawm, religious fasting; and Hajj, a mandated once-in-a-lifetime pilgrimage to Mecca during the 12th month of the lunar calendar. Khitan, the religious rite of circumcision, is seen as obligatory or recommendable for male followers. Prominent religious festivals include Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr, and Eid al-Adha. The cities of Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam, in descending order: Masjid al-Haram, Al-Masjid an-Nabawi, and Al-Aqsa Mosque, respectively.

Islam originated in the 7th century at Jabal al-Nour, a mountain peak near Mecca where Muhammad's first revelation is said to have taken place. Through various caliphates, the religion later spread outside of Arabia shortly after Muhammad's death, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate had imposed Islamic rule from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to the Indus Valley in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the reign of the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various states and caliphates as well as extensive trade and religious conversion as a result of Islamic missionary activities (dawah). (Full article...)

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Omar Ibn Said

Islam in the news

30 November 2022 – Syrian civil war
The United States Central Command announces that the Free Syrian Army killed Islamic State caliph Abu al-Hasan al-Hashimi al-Qurashi during an operation in the Daraa Governorate in mid-October. (AFP via The Brussels Times)
24 November 2022 – Kurdish–Turkish conflict
Syrian Democratic Forces commander-in-chief Mazloum Abdi suspends military operations against the Islamic State in order to focus on preparations for a Turkish ground invasion of northern Syria. (Al Monitor)
24 November 2022 – Mahsa Amini protests
The United Nations Human Rights Council approves the establishment of a fact-finding mission into the allegations of human rights violations committed by the Iranian government in response to the protests. (AFP via News24)
21 November 2022 – 2022 FIFA World Cup controversies
The Iranian team chooses not to sing the Iranian national anthem prior to a match against England amid ongoing civil unrest in Iran. (Reuters)
19 November 2022 – Mahsa Amini protests
Iranian security forces open fire on anti-government protesters in Divandarreh, Kurdistan province, killing three people. (The Guardian)
The Iranian military deploys armoured personnel carriers in Mahabad, West Azerbaijan province, amid fears of a massacre in the restive city. The Iran Human Rights group reports heavy gunfire. (Times of Israel)

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Syed Ahmed Khan
Syed Ahmed Khan was an Indian educationalist and politician who pioneered modern education for the Muslim community in India by founding the Muhammedan Anglo-Oriental College, which later developed into the Aligarh Muslim University. His work gave rise to a new generation of Muslim intellectuals and politicians who composed the Aligarh movement to secure the political future of Muslims in India. One of the most influential Muslim politicians of his time, Sir Syed was suspicious of the Indian independence movement and called upon Muslims to loyally serve the British Raj. He denounced nationalist organisations such as the Indian National Congress, instead forming organisations to promote Muslim unity and pro-British attitudes and activities. Sir Syed promoted the adoption of Urdu as the lingua franca of all Indian Muslims and mentored a rising generation of Muslim politicians and intellectuals. Although hailed as a great Muslim leader and social reformer, Sir Syed remains the subject of controversy for his views on Hindu-Muslim issues.

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Haridasa Thakur


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The elite are the men of religion, political leaders, media and press people, and teachers. Everyone can understand the truth and know what is right. These have the responsibility of showing this right and truth to the people. They should not remain silent....It is the responsibility of people to look for right and truth. As they hear me now, they should not accept everything I say. Even the masses of Hezbollah and the resistance should not do so....Forget what my faith is and what yours is. Hear what I say and see what I do and hear what others say and see what they do, and then decide.


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