The War of the League of Cambrai
, sometimes known as the War of the Holy League and by several other names, was a major conflict in the Italian Wars
. The principal participants of the war, which was fought from 1508 to 1516, were France
, the Papal States
, and the Republic of Venice
; they were joined, at various times, by nearly every significant power in Western Europe
, including Spain
, the Holy Roman Empire
, the Kingdom of England
, the Kingdom of Scotland
, the Duchy of Milan
, the Duchy of Ferrara
, and the Swiss
Pope Julius II had intended that the war would curb Venetian influence in northern Italy, and had, to this end, created the League of Cambrai (named after Cambrai, where the negotiations took place), an alliance against the Republic that included, besides himself, Louis XII of France, Emperor Maximilian I, and Ferdinand I of Spain. Although the League was initially successful, friction between Julius and Louis caused it to collapse by 1510; Julius then allied himself with Venice against France.
The Veneto-Papal alliance eventually expanded into the Holy League, which drove the French from Italy in 1512; disagreements about the division of the spoils, however, led Venice to abandon the alliance in favor of one with France. Under the leadership of Francis I, who had succeeded Louis to the throne, the French and Venetians would, through their victory at Marignano in 1515, regain the territory they had lost; the treaties of Noyon and Brussels, which ended the war the next year, would essentially return the map of Italy to the status quo of 1508.