The Italy portal Portale Italia
( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a country consisting of a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and is considered part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial enclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Selected article -
Statue of Pliny the Elder on the facade of Cathedral of S. Maria Maggiore in
Como Gaius Plinius Secundus (AD 23/24 – 79), called (), was a Pliny the Elder Roman author, a naturalist and natural philosopher, a naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire, and a friend of emperor Vespasian. He wrote the encyclopedic ( Naturalis Historia Natural History), which became an editorial model for encyclopedias. He spent most of his spare time studying, writing, and investigating natural and geographic phenomena in the field.
Pliny the Younger
, wrote of him in a letter to the historian
Selected picture -
Did you know... -
...that in 2002, hundreds of former mobsters incarcerated in eight jails across Italy, supposedly having no way to contact one another, joined a hunger strike to protest against of the Italian Penitentiary Act? article 41-bis
Selected fare or cuisine - Categories
Select [►] to view subcategories
General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
Prada shop in Singapore.
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BC.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
Italian states (1815–1859).
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples (27–30 September 1943).
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Garibaldi into Naples on 7 September 1860
Sheets with the iconic picture of
Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the EEC, forerunner of the present-day EU.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
Contemporary engraving of Naples during the
Naples Plague in 1656
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.
gelato ice cream dessert.
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.