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( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a country consisting of a [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Italy is located in south-central Europe, and is considered part of western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital, the country covers a total area of 301,340 km 2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial enclave in Switzerland ( Campione) and a maritime exclave in Tunisian waters ( Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in
Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures. In addition to the various ancient peoples dispersed throughout what is now modern-day Italy, the most predominant being the Indo-European Italic peoples who gave the peninsula its name, beginning from the classical era, Phoenicians and Carthaginians founded colonies mostly in insular Italy, Greeks established settlements in the so-called of Magna Graecia Southern Italy, while Etruscans and Celts inhabited central and northern Italy respectively. An Italic tribe known as the Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. Italy remained the homeland of the Romans and the metropole of the empire, whose legacy can also be observed in the global distribution of culture, governments, Christianity and the Latin script.
Selected article -
( Italy national football team Italian: Nazionale di calcio dell'Italia) has officially represented Italy in international football since their first match in 1910. The squad is under the global jurisdiction of FIFA and is governed in Europe by UEFA—the latter of which was co-founded by the Italian team's supervising body, the Italian Football Federation (FIGC). Italy's home matches are played at various stadiums throughout Italy, and their primary training ground, Centro Tecnico Federale di Coverciano, is located at the FIGC technical headquarters in Coverciano, Florence.
Italy is one of the most successful national teams in the history of the
, having won four titles (
) and appearing in two other finals (
), reaching a third place (
) and a fourth place (
). In 1938, they became the first team to defend their World Cup title, and due to the outbreak of
World War II
, retained the title for a further 12 years. Italy had also previously won two
Central European International Cups
). Between its first two World Cup victories, Italy won the
Olympic football tournament
). After the majority of the team was killed in a
in 1949, the team did not advance past the group stage of the following two World Cup tournaments, and also failed to qualify for the
—failure to qualify for the World Cup would not happen again until the
. Italy returned to form by 1968, winning a
), and after a period of alternating unsuccessful qualification rounds in Europe, later appeared in two other finals (
). Italy's highest finish at the
FIFA Confederations Cup
, where the squad achieved a third-place finish.
Selected picture -
Did you know... - Selected fare or cuisine -
comes from the
. It features fresh, seasonal and simply-prepared ingredients from
. These include peas,
, shellfish, milk-fed lamb and goat, and cheeses such as
is used mostly to dress raw vegetables, while
) and fat from
are preferred for frying. The most popular sweets in Rome are small individual pastries called pasticcini, gelato (ice cream) and handmade chocolates and candies. Special dishes are often reserved for different days of the week; for example,
is eaten on Thursdays,
(salted cod) on Fridays, and
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General images -
The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
The signing ceremony of the
Treaty of Rome on 25 March 1957, creating the EEC, forerunner of the present-day EU.
the EUR in Rome is a perfect example of modern Italian architecture
Fiat 600, iconic middle-class dream car and status symbol of the 1950-60s.
Colosseum, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire.
Regional seat of
RAI in Cosenza.
Ötzi the oldest mummy in the world discovered in the southern Alps (region of Trentino-Alto Adige) with extremely sophisticated equipment to that time. 4th millennium BC.
Mussolini reviewing adolescent soldiers, late 1944.
Italy and the nearby islands in the 1st century BCE.
Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral in Florence, which has the biggest brick dome in the world, and is considered a masterpiece of Italian architecture and world architecture.
Giacomo Matteotti was murdered a few days after he openly denounced Fascist violence during the 1924 elections.
Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city and the Republic which housed the various offices and meeting places of the government.
Italian states (1815–1859).
Umberto II, the last King of Italy, was exiled to Portugal.
From left to right, Chamberlain, Daladier, Hitler, Mussolini and Italian Foreign Minister
Count Ciano at the signing of Munich Agreement.
mosaic depicts some of the Gladiators entertainments that would have been offered at the games.
Commedia dell'arte troupe in a late 16th-century Flemish painting.
Italian Lombard kingdom (781–1014).
Sergio Mattarella, President of the Italian Republic, elected on 3 February 2015.
Imperial ambitions of Fascist Italy in Europe, 1936.
Italian prisoners in El Alamein, November 1942.
Fiume cheering D'Annunzio and his Legionari, September 1919. At the time, Fiume had 22,488 (62% of the population) Italians in a total population of 35,839 inhabitants.
espresso comes from the Italian esprimere, which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee.
Garibaldi into Naples on 7 September 1860
Roman Empire provided an inspiration for the medieval European. Although the Holy Roman Empire rarely acquired a serious geopolitical reality, it possessed great symbolic significance.
Prada shop in Singapore.
gelato ice cream dessert.
Map of Etruscan civilisation.
Ancient Greek colonies and their
groupings in Southern Italy.
NW Greek Achaean Doric
St. Peter's Basilica is the world's largest Christian church. It is the second church to stand above the crypt (tomb) believed to hold the body of Saint Peter, the first pope.
Contemporary engraving of Naples during the
Naples Plague in 1656
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
Mussolini and Hitler in June 1940.
Sheets with the iconic picture of
Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino, exposed as a sign of protest against Italian Mafia. They read: "You did not kill them: their ideas walk on our legs".
Italy has been a home for innovation in
science in the centuries since Galileo formulated his theories of planetary movement.
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy for almost ten years between 1994 and 2011.
Secondary, widely spoken or understood.
Understood by some due to former colonisation.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci, possibly one of the most famous and iconic examples of Italian art
Insurgents celebrating the liberation of Naples after the
Four days of Naples (27–30 September 1943).
Attack of the far-right terrorist group NAR at the Bologna railway station on 2 August 1980, which caused the death of 85 people.