(; Indonesian pronunciation: [dʒaˈkarta] (listen)
), officially the Special Capital Region of Jakarta
: Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta
), is the capital
. It lies on the northwest coast of Java
(the world's most populous island). Jakarta is the centre of the economy, culture and politics of Indonesia. It has province
level status which had a population of 10,562,088 . Although Jakarta extends over only 699.5 square kilometres (270.1 sq mi), and thus has the smallest area of any Indonesian province
, its metropolitan area
covers 6,392 square kilometres (2,468 sq mi), and is the world's second-most populous urban area, after Tokyo
. It has a population of about 35.934 million . Jakarta's business opportunities, and its ability to offer a potentially higher standard of living than is available in other parts of the country, have attracted migrants from across the Indonesian archipelago, making it a melting pot of numerous cultures.
Jakarta is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Southeast Asia. Established in the fourth century as Sunda Kelapa, the city became an important trading port for the Sunda Kingdom. At one time, it was the de facto capital of the Dutch East Indies, when it was known as Batavia. Jakarta was officially a city within West Java until 1960, when its official status was changed to a province with special capital region distinction. As a province, its government consists of five administrative cities and one administrative regency. Jakarta is an alpha world city and is the seat of the ASEAN secretariat, making it an important city for international diplomacy. Financial institutions such as the Bank of Indonesia, Indonesia Stock Exchange, and corporate headquarters of numerous Indonesian companies and multinational corporations are located in the city. In 2017, the city's GRP PPP was estimated at US$483.4 billion.
Jakarta's primary challenges include rapid urban growth, ecological breakdown, gridlocked traffic, congestion, and flooding. Jakarta is sinking up to 17 cm (6.7 inches) per year, which, coupled with the rising of sea levels, has made the city more prone to flooding. It is one of the fastest-sinking capitals in the world. In August 2019, as a result of these challenges, President Joko Widodo announced that the capital of Indonesia would be moved from Jakarta to the province of East Kalimantan on the island of Borneo. (Full article...)
Selected article -
The Jakarta metropolitan area, or Greater Jakarta known locally as Jabodetabek, Jabodetabekjur, or Jabodetabekpunjur (an acronym of Jakarta–Bogor–Depok–Tangerang–Bekasi–Puncak–Cianjur), is the most populous metropolitan area in Indonesia. It includes the national capital Jakarta as the core city as well as five satellite cities and four regencies. The original term "Jabotabek" dated from the late 1970s and was revised to "Jabodetabek" in 1999 when "De" (for "Depok") was inserted into the name following its formation. The term "Jabodetabekjur" or "Jabodetabekpunjur" was legalised on the Presidential Regulation Number 54 of 2008, although the name Jabodetabek is more commonly used.
The area comprises Jakarta
and parts of West Java
provinces, specifically the three regencies - Bekasi Regency
and Bogor Regency
in West Java, and Tangerang Regency
in Banten. The area also includes the cities Bogor
and South Tangerang
, all of which are not included administratively in the regencies. The name of the region is taken from the first two (or three) letters of each city's name: Ja-bo-de-ta-bek from Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. (Full article...
Selected image -
Jakarta pedestrians, joggers and bicyclists take over the main avenue during Car-Free Day.
In this month
Selected biography -
Herlina Christine Natalia Hakim (born 25 December 1956) is an Indonesian actress, film producer, and activist. Born to a devout Muslim family of a mixed-race background in Jambi, she grew up in Yogyakarta, aspiring to be an architect or psychologist. This changed after she was discovered by Teguh Karya for his 1973 movie Cinta Pertama, a role which garnered her a Citra Award for Best Actress and convinced her to follow a career in acting. Since then, she has starred in numerous films, including 1977's Badai Pasti Berlalu and 1988's Tjoet Nja' Dhien; she also had a minor role in the 2010 Hollywood movie Eat Pray Love. , she has won six Citra Awards, received a lifetime achievement award from the Cinemanila International Film Festival, and served as a member of the jury at the Cannes Film Festival
Hakim began branching out from acting in 1998, beginning with roles as producer of Daun di Atas Bantal
and Pasir Berbisik
and eventually spreading to documentary film-making and an activist for education and autism. Beginning in 2008, she has served as Indonesia's goodwill ambassador
, focusing on educational issues. (Full article...
The following are images from various Jakarta-related articles on Wikipedia.
Jakarta pedestrians, joggers and bicyclists take over the main avenue during Car-Free Day
Jakarta Old City Post Office at Fatahillah Square, Central Jakarta (from
Kota administratif) in Jakarta province. Each administrative cities is further divided into districts (Kecamatan). (from Jakarta)
Map of the administrative cities (
Wisma 46 in post-modernist architecture, the fourth tallest building in Jakarta (from Jakarta)
Colonial architecture in Jakarta)
Jayakarta circa 1605–8, before its complete destruction by the Dutch, showing earlier pre-colonial structures before Batavia was founded (from
Hindu temple, Rawamangun, East Jakarta (from Jakarta)
History of Jakarta)
Glodok commercial area. The area of Kota and Glodok remained Jakarta's central business and banking district during the 1950s. (from
SCBD, one of the central business districts in Jakarta (from Jakarta)
Aerial view of North Jakarta (from
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