- 667 - Prince Naka no Ōe moves the capital from Asuka to the Ōtsu Palace. (Traditional Japanese Date: Nineteenth Day of the Third Month, 667)
- 1870 - A licensing system for rickshaw's is implemented. (Traditional Japanese Date: Seventeenth Day of the Third Month, 1870)
- 1895 - The Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed, whereby China recognized Korea's independence and renounced all claims to it, ceded some territory, including Taiwan, to Japan, and agreed to pay reparations
- 1898 - Western-style artist Yuzo Saeki is born. Saeki travelled to France in 1923 and was heavily influenced by Maurice Utrillo. He is best known for his paintings of Paris. He died at the age of 31.
- 1947 - A public employment assistance office is opened.
- 1947 - The regional and local administrative law is passed, establishing the organization and operation of regional administrative regions and their relationship with the national government.
- 1968 - Tokyo governor Minobe officially recognizes the Korea University in Kodaira, Tokyo.
- 1877 - Matsudaira Tsuneo (d. 1949), diplomat
- 1947 - Tsutomu Wakamatsu, baseball player, coach, and manager
- 1972 - Yuichi Nishimura, footballer and referee
- 1973 - Kaihō Ryōji, sumo wrestler
- 1988 - Takahiro Moriuchi, singer-songwriter of the band, ONE OK ROCK
Film and television