Portal:Japanese cars

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Introduction

First generation Toyota Corolla (1966), the world's all-time best selling line of cars; in its 12th generation as of 2018

The automotive industry in Japan is one of the most prominent and largest industries in the world. Japan has been in the top three of the countries with most cars manufactured since the 1960s, surpassing Germany. The automotive industry in Japan rapidly increased from the 1970s to the 1990s (when it was oriented both for domestic use and worldwide export) and in the 1980s and 1990s, overtook the U.S. as the production leader with up to 13 million cars per year manufactured and significant exports. After massive ramp-up by China in the 2000s and fluctuating U.S. output, Japan is now currently the third largest automotive producer in the world with an annual production of 9.9 million automobiles in 2012. Japanese investments helped grow the auto industry in many countries throughout the last few decades.

Japanese zaibatsu (business conglomerates) began building their first automobiles in the middle to late 1910s. The companies went about this by either designing their own trucks (the market for passenger vehicles in Japan at the time was small), or partnering with a European brand to produce and sell their cars in Japan under license. Such examples of this are Isuzu partnering with Wolseley Motors (UK), Nissan partnering with British automaker Austin, and the Mitsubishi Model A, which was based upon the Fiat Tipo 3. The demand for domestic trucks was greatly increased by the Japanese military buildup before World War II, causing many Japanese manufacturers to break out of their shells and design their own vehicles. In the 1970s Japan was the pioneer in robotics manufacturing of vehicles.

The country is home to a number of companies that produce cars, construction vehicles, motorcycles, ATVs, and engines. Japanese automotive manufacturers include Toyota, Honda, Daihatsu, Nissan, Suzuki, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Subaru, Isuzu, Kawasaki, Yamaha, and Mitsuoka.

Cars designed in Japan have won the European Car of the Year, International Car of the Year, and World Car of the Year awards many times. Japanese vehicles have had worldwide influence, and no longer have the stigma they had in the 1950s and 1960s when they first emerged internationally.

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Selected article

Nissan GT-R
The Nissan GT-R is a sports car produced by Nissan released in Japan on December 6, 2007, Canada and the United States on July 7, 2008, and the rest of the world in March 2009. The production version of the GT-R debuted at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show, launching in the Japanese market on December 6, 2007. The large disparity in initial marketing between these regional releases is due to Nissan having to build GT-R performance centers where the car is serviced. Also the engine and rear-mounted dual-clutch gearbox are assembled by hand, thus limiting global production capacity to around 1000 cars a month.

For the 2014 model year, Nissan introduced a limited production Track Edition GT-R, which gets all the same features as the Black Edition, but adds a more aggressive suspension, carbon fiber air inlets, better brake cooling, a unique front spoiler, and new black and gray leather Recaro front seats.


Car list

List icon.svg
Main brands
DaihatsuHondaMazdaMitsubishiNissanSubaruSuzukiToyota
Luxury divisions
AcuraInfinitiLexus
Smaller manufacturers
ASL/AutobacsHinoIsuzuMitsuokaTommy Kaira
Defunct brands
AmatiHopeOtomoOhtaPrince

Categories

Timeline

  • 1907 - Daihatsu established
  • 1914 - Nissan Established
  • 1917 - Mitsubishi Model A
  • 1918 - Isuzu first car
  • 1924-1927 - Otomo
  • 1931 - Mazda-Go (by Toyo Kogyo corp, later Mazda)
  • 1934-1957 - Ohta starts auto production
  • 1935 - Toyota's first prototype car, the Model A1
  • 1948 - Honda established
  • 1952-1966 - Prince (absorbed into Nissan)
  • 1953-1967 - Hino Motors starts auto production (merged into Toyota)
  • 1954 - Subaru first Car P1
  • 1955 - Suzuki's first car Suzulight
  • 1957 - Daihatsu's 1st car Midget
  • 1966 - One of the best selling cars of all time, the Toyota Corolla, is introduced
  • 1967 - Japan Automobile Manufacturers Association (JAMA) is founded
  • 1967 - Mazda Cosmo 110S was one of first two mass-produced cars with Wankel rotary engine
  • 1969 - Honda's 1st car S500
  • 1980 - Japan surpassed the United States and became first in auto manufacturing
  • 1982 - Honda Accord becomes the first Japanese car built in the United States
  • 1986 - Acura is launched by Honda
  • 1989 - Lexus is launched by Toyota
  • 1989 - Infiniti is launched by Nissan
  • 1994 - Japan conceded to the United States back in auto manufacturing
  • 1997 - Toyota Prius was the first mass-produced hybrid car
  • 1997 - Toyota Corolla becomes the world's best-selling car
  • 2003 - Scion is launched by Toyota
  • 2006 - Japan surpassed the United States and became first in auto manufacturing again
  • 2008 - Toyota surpassed General Motors to become the world's largest car manufacturer
  • 2009 - Japan was beaten by China and became second in auto manufacturing
  • 2011 - Tohoku earthquake affects production
  • 2016 - Kumamoto earthquake affects production

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