Jerusalem (/dʒəˈruːsələm/; Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם help=no; Arabic: القُدس help=no) is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.
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Medieval illustration of capture of Jerusalem during the First Crusade, 1099
Sunset aerial photograph of the Mount of Olives
Light Rail tram on Jaffa Road
Jerusalem on VE Day, 8 May 1945
David's Citadel and the Ottoman walls
Guesthouse in Mishkenot Sha'ananim, the first Jewish neighborhood built outside the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, on a hill directly across from Mount Zion
The Shrine of the Book, housing the Dead Sea Scrolls, at the Israel Museum
Bank of Israel
Mamilla Mall adorned with upscale shops adjacent to the Old City Walls.
Hand in Hand, a bilingual Jewish-Arab school in Jerusalem
Supreme Court of Israel
A coin issued by the Jewish rebels in 68 CE. Obverse: "Shekel, Israel. Year 3". Reverse: "Jerusalem the Holy", in the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet
Orient House in East Jerusalem that served as the headquarters of the PLO in the 1980s and 1990s. It was closed by Israel in 2001, two days after the Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing.
Jerusalem Chords Bridge
Ben-Zakai Synagogue in 1893
From upper left: Jerusalem skyline looking north from St. Elijah Monastery, a souq in the Old City, Mamilla Mall, the Knesset, the Dome of the Rock, the citadel (known as the Tower of David) and the Old City walls, and the Western Wall.
King Hussein of Jordan flying over the Temple Mount in East Jerusalem when it was under Jordanian control, 1965
Roman siege and destruction of Jerusalem (David Roberts, 1850)
The Knesset building in Givat Ram
1455 painting of the Holy Land. Jerusalem is viewed from the west; the octagonal Dome of the Rock stands left of Al-Aqsa, shown as a church, and the Church of the Holy Sepulchre stands on the left side of the picture.
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus campus
National Library of Israel
Israeli policemen meet a Jordanian Legionnaire near the Mandelbaum Gate (circa 1950)
The Armenian Quarter
Antiquated (1910) reconstruction of Solomon's Temple, based on the biblical text
Jerusalem mural depicting the Cardo in Byzantine era
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
The Garden Tomb in Jerusalem – a new holy site established by British Protestants in the 19th century.
Hebron Yeshiva in Givat Mordechai neighborhood
View from the Mount of Olives overlooking the old city of Jerusalem during the snowfall of the 2013 cold snap
Map of East Jerusalem (2010)
Israeli Foreign Ministry building
The Holyland Model of Jerusalem Second Temple model, first created in 1966 and since then updated according to advancing archaeological knowledge
Stepped Stone Structure in Ophel/City of David, the oldest part of Jerusalem
Teddy Stadium, Malha
Astronauts' view of Jerusalem
Sheikh Jarrah, a predominantly Arab neighborhood on the road to Mount Scopus
Har Hotzvim high-tech park
Portal:Jerusalem/Did you know
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