The three remote valleys are home to the animist Kalash people
The Kalasha Valleys (Kalasha-mondr: Kaĺaśa Desh; Urdu: وادی کالاش) are valleys in Chitral District in northern Pakistan. The valleys are surrounded by the Hindu Kush mountain range. The inhabitants of the valley are the Kalash people, who have a unique culture, language and follow a form of ancient Hinduism. As such, the Kalasha Valleys are a source of attraction for Pakistani as well as International tourists. There are three main valleys. The largest and most populous valley is Bumburet (Mumuret), reached by a road from Ayun in the Kunar Valley. Rumbur and Acholgah are side valleys north of Bumburet. The third valley, Biriu (Birir), is s side valley of the Kunar Valley south of Bumburet.
There is some controversy over what defines the ethnic characteristics of the Kalash. Although quite numerous before the 20th century, the non-Muslim minority has seen its numbers dwindle over the past century. A leader of the Kalash, Saifulla Jan, has stated, "If any Kalash converts to Islam, they cannot live among us anymore. We keep our identity strong. About three thousand have converted to Islam or are descendants of converts, yet still live nearby in the Kalash villages and maintain their language and many aspects of their ancient culture. By now, sheikhs, or converts to Islam, make up more than half of the total Kalasha-speaking population.
Tach Sharakat Kalash (born Taj Khan Kalash) belongs to an endangered Indigenous culture and language community Kalasha (Kafirs of Hindu Kush) living in the wilderness of Hindu Kush Mountains on the border of Pakistan with Afghanistan. Kalasha are the last remaining pagan tribe numbering 4000 people speaking the ancient Indo-Aryan language Kalasha-mondr besides practicing a polytheistic ancestral belief system and Pre-Islamic culture dating back to 3000 B.C. Ethnographic researches on Kalasha origins point towards Proto-European movement in south Asia followed by second major movement through marshal-expedition of Alexander the Great.
Panorama of Kalash Valley, Chitral Pakistan where the Ancient Tribe of Kalash Celebrating Joshi, Kalash women and men dance and sing their way from the dancing ground to the village arena, the Charso, for the end of the day's festivities. Bumberet, Pakistan.