Portal:Kazi Nazrul Islam

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Nazrul in Chittagong, 1926

Kazi Nazrul Islam (Bengali: কাজী নজরুল ইসলাম, pronounced [kazi nozrul islam]; 24 May 1899 – 29 August 1976) was a Bengali poet, writer, musician, and revolutionary from the Indian subcontinent. He is the national poet of Bangladesh. Popularly known as Nazrul, he produced a large body of poetry and music with themes that included religious devotion and spiritual rebellion against fascism and oppression. Nazrul's activism for political and social justice earned him the title of "Rebel Poet" (Bengali: বিদ্রোহী কবি; Bidrohi Kobi). His compositions form the avant-garde genre of Nazrul Sangeet (Music of Nazrul). Nazrul and his works are equally commemorated and celebrated in Bangladesh and India, particularly in India's Bengali-speaking states such as West Bengal, parts of Assam, and Tripura.

Born in a Bengali Muslim Kazi family, Nazrul Islam received religious education and as a young man worked as a muezzin at a local mosque. He learned about poetry, drama, and literature while working with the rural theatrical group Letor Dal. He joined the British Indian Army in 1917. After serving in the British Indian Army in the Middle East (Mesopotamian campaign) during World War I, Nazrul established himself as a journalist in Calcutta. He criticised the British Raj and called for revolution through his poetic works, such as "Bidrohi" ("বিদ্রোহী", 'The Rebel') and "Bhangar Gaan" ("ভাঙার গান", 'The Song of Destruction'), as well as in his publication Dhumketu ('The Comet'). His nationalist activism in Indian independence movement led to his frequent imprisonment by the colonial British authorities. While in prison, Nazrul wrote the "Rajbandir Jabanbandi" ("রাজবন্দীর জবানবন্দী", 'Deposition of a Political Prisoner'). His writings greatly inspired Bengalis of East Pakistan during the Bangladesh Liberation War.

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Selected poem

Bidrohi (Bengali language: "বিদ্রোহী", English: The Rebel) is one of the most famous Bengali poems, written by Kazi Nazrul Islam in December, 1921.

Few lines from Bidrohi

I am the unutterable grief,

I am the trembling first touch of the virgin,
I am the throbbing tenderness of her first stolen kiss.
I am the fleeting glance of the veiled beloved,
I am her constant surreptitious gaze...


Selected song

Notuner Gaan (Bengali: নতুনের গান, The Song of Youth), more popularly known (after its first line) as Chol Chol Chol is the national march (Bengali: রণ-সঙ্গীত) of Bangladesh., whose lyrics and tune were written by national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam in 1928. It was first published in the newspaper Shikha (শিখা Flame) with the title Notuner Gaan (নতুনের গান The Song of Youth) and was later included in Nazrul's book Shondha (সন্ধ্যা The Evening). The Bangladeshi government adopted this song as the national marching song of Bangladesh on 13 January 1972 in its first meeting after the country's independence. The first lines of the song are played at most military ceremonies or functions. The Daily Star has referred to it as the national military song.

English translation of Onward march

March, March, March

By a drum beat to a heavenly height
From earth beneath and soil's blight
Youth rise in the dawn's light,
Left, now, now, right!
March, March, March

Through dawn's door, a shattering blow
We will bring daybreak, scarlet in glow;
We will destroy the gloom of the night
And hindering mountain height,



Young Firoza Begum 1955.jpg
Firoza Begum (Bengali: ফিরোজা বেগম) (28 July 1930 – 9 September 2014) was a Bangladeshi Nazrul Sangeet singer. She was awarded the Independence Day Award in 1979 by the Government of Bangladesh.

Did you know...

আজাকি প্রশ্ন চিহ্ন
  • ... Kazi Nazrul Islam was known as Dukhu Mia?

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