The Kenya Portal
Kenya ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Africa with 47 semiautonomous counties governed by elected governors. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 52.2 million people, Kenya is the 27th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and also an inland port on Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret.
Nilotic-speaking pastoralists (ancestral to Kenya's Nilotic speakers) started migrating from present-day Southern Sudan into Kenya around 500 BC. European colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the European exploration of the interior. The modern-day Kenya emerged from a protectorate established by the British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent Kenya Colony, which began in 1920. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colony led to the Mau Mau revolution, which began in 1952, and the subsequent declaration of independence in 1963. After independence, Kenya remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. The current constitution was adopted in 2010 to replace the 1963 independence constitution.
Kenya is a presidential representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenya is a member of United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, COMESA, and other international organisations. With a GNI of 1,460, Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy. Kenya's economy is the second-largest in eastern and central Africa after Ethiopia. with Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Agriculture is the largest sector; tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export. The service industry is also a major economic driver, particularly tourism. Kenya is a member of the East African Community trade bloc, though some international trade organisations categorise it as part of the Greater Horn of Africa. Africa is Kenya's largest export market, followed by the European Union. Read more...
Kenya national rugby union team is the Kenyan national team for Rugby. It is controlled by the Kenya Rugby Football Union.
The team participates at the Confederation of African Rugby (CAR) tournaments, but has never qualified for the Rugby World Cup.
A Kenya representative rugby team first played against the touring Combined South African Universities in 1929, starting a long tradition of Kenya national teams playing touring universities (mostly South African), clubs and military units (mostly Royal Naval vessels). Kenya played its first international in 1954, beating Tanganyika although the score of the game is not known. This fixture was repeated in 1955 and 1956 and then in 1958 Kenya played Uganda. These two countries were the major source of opposition for the side during the ensuing decades with matches being played frequently but irregularly as political problems in the region often interfered with fixtures. Zambia and Zimbabwe also provided regular opposition from the mid-1970s until the late 1980s when the formation of the CAR and the expansion of the World Cup provided opportunities to play competitively against many other nations. Its biggest win is against Nigeria, 96-3 on 10 August 1987 and worst defeat against Namibia 12-84 on 27 May 2006..
Selected culture biography
Did you know ...
- ...that in March 2013, Kenya was officially administratively divided into 47 semi autonomous counties?
- ...that Kenya has 42 ethnic groups and no single ethnic group in Kenya makes even a quarter of Kenya's total population of 44,354,000 as of 2013?
- ...that Kenya's national language is Swahili?
- ...that Kenya's official name in Swahili is Jamhuri ya Kenya?
- ...that Lake Turkana in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the world?
- ...that Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it? Kenya also has all five of the big five game i.e. lion, leopard, buffalo, African elephant and rhino.
- ...that Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria? It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's second-largest freshwater lake with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
- ...that Mt Kenya is the second-tallest mountain in Africa? It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
- ...that a third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya?
- ...that telling time in the Swahili language is different from English? For example, when saying 7 am one says Saa Moja which literally means 1 hour because in Swahili it was decided to use sunrise as a guide to tell time.
Selected societal biography
Mwai Kibaki (born November 15, 1931) was the third President of Kenya (30th December 2002 to 9th April 2013). Kibaki was previously Vice President (1978 - 1988), and has held several other cabinet positions, including Minister for Finance (1978 - 1981), Minister for Home Affairs (1982 - 1988) and Minister for Health (1988 - 1991)
He was baptised Emilio Stanley by Italian missionaries in his youth but he rarely uses this name.
In the news
Wikinews Kenya portal
- 15 June 2019 –
- 12 Kenyan police officers are killed when their car hits a roadside bomb in east Wajir County, near the Somali border. No one has claimed responsibility, though the police had been pursuing suspected al-Shabab militants fighting Somalia's government and its backers. (BBC) (Region week)
- 24 May 2019 – LGBT rights in Kenya
- The High Court of Kenya rules against a bid to strike down Section 162 and 165 of the Kenyan Penal Code, a sodomy law. The plaintiffs plan to appeal to the Court of Appeal. (Daily Nation) (The Guardian)
- 24 March 2019 –
- The 2019 Global Teacher Prize and its $1 million (£760,000) purse is awarded to Brother Peter Tabichi, a Franciscan science teacher from rural Kenya. Tabichi gives away 80 percent of his salary to support poorer pupils at the Keriko Mixed Day Secondary School in Pwani Village, Nakuru. (BBC)
- 10 March 2019 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302
- An Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 MAX 8 from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with 149 passengers and eight crew members onboard crashes en route to Nairobi, Kenya, killing all 157 persons on board. (BBC)
- 4 March 2019 –
- A helicopter crashes in Central Island National Park, Kenya, killing four American tourists and their Kenyan pilot. (BBC)
- 25 February 2019 – Iran and state-sponsored terrorism
- Police in Kenya ask a court to allow them to detain three men for 30 days on suspicion of conspiring to aid two Iranian terror suspects to escape. (KBC)
Topics in Kenya