Kenya (; locally [ˈkɛɲa] ( listen)), officially the Republic of Kenya (Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.
Kenya's territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift, covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to Lake Turkana (formerly called Lake Rudolf) and further south-east to the Indian Ocean. It is bordered by Tanzania to the south and south-west, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the north-west, Ethiopia to the north and Somalia to the north-east. Kenya covers 581,309 km2 (224,445 sq mi) has a population of approximately 48 million. Kenya's capital and largest city is Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of Mombasa. Kisumu City is the third largest city and a critical inland port at Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include Nakuru and Eldoret.
Kenya's geographical and topographical diversity yields a variety of climates, including a warm and humid coastline, temperate savannah grasslands in the interior, temperate and forested hilly areas in the west, arid and semi-arid areas near the Somali border and Lake Turkana, and an Equatorial climate around Lake Victoria, the world's largest tropical freshwater lake. Kenya subsequently support an abundance of flora and fauna, many of which are protected by wildlife reserves and national parks, such as the East and West Tsavo National Park, Amboseli National Park, Maasai Mara, Lake Nakuru National Park, and Aberdares National Park. The country is the birthplace of the modern safari and hosts several World Heritage Sites such as Lamu.
Kenya national rugby union team is the Kenyan national team for Rugby. It is controlled by the Kenya Rugby Football Union.
The team participates at the Confederation of African Rugby (CAR) tournaments, but has never qualified for the Rugby World Cup.
A Kenya representative rugby team first played against the touring Combined South African Universities in 1929, starting a long tradition of Kenya national teams playing touring universities (mostly South African), clubs and military units (mostly Royal Naval vessels). Kenya played its first international in 1954, beating Tanganyika although the score of the game is not known. This fixture was repeated in 1955 and 1956 and then in 1958 Kenya played Uganda. These two countries were the major source of opposition for the side during the ensuing decades with matches being played frequently but irregularly as political problems in the region often interfered with fixtures. Zambia and Zimbabwe also provided regular opposition from the mid-1970s until the late 1980s when the formation of the CAR and the expansion of the World Cup provided opportunities to play competitively against many other nations. Its biggest win is against Nigeria, 96-3 on 10 August 1987 and worst defeat against Namibia 12-84 on 27 May 2006..
Selected culture biography
Did you know ...
- ...that in March 2013, Kenya was officially administratively divided into 47 semi autonomous counties?
- ...that Kenya has 42 ethnic groups and no single ethnic group in Kenya makes even a quarter of Kenya's total population of 44,354,000 as of 2013?
- ...that Kenya's national language is Swahili?
- ...that Kenya's official name in Swahili is Jamhuri ya Kenya?
- ...that Lake Turkana in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the world?
- ...that Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it? Kenya also has all five of the big five game i.e. lion, leopard, buffalo, African elephant and rhino.
- ...that Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area, Lake Victoria? It is the largest tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's second-largest freshwater lake with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
- ...that Mt Kenya is the second-tallest mountain in Africa? It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
- ...that a third of the flowers in the European Union come from Kenya?
- ...that telling time in the Swahili language is different from English? For example, when saying 7 am one says Saa Moja which literally means 1 hour because in Swahili it was decided to use sunrise as a guide to tell time.
Selected societal biography
Mwai Kibaki (born November 15, 1931) was the third President of Kenya (30th December 2002 to 9th April 2013). Kibaki was previously Vice President (1978 - 1988), and has held several other cabinet positions, including Minister for Finance (1978 - 1981), Minister for Home Affairs (1982 - 1988) and Minister for Health (1988 - 1991)
He was baptised Emilio Stanley by Italian missionaries in his youth but he rarely uses this name.
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