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Marine Drive Kochi Night View DSW.jpg
  The  Kochi  Portal


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Kochi ([koˈtʃːi ] (About this soundlisten)), also known as Cochin (/ˈkɪn/ KOH-chin), is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea. It is part of the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala and is often referred to as Ernakulam. Kochi is the most densely populated city in Kerala. As of 2011, it has a corporation limit population of 677,381 within an area of 94.88 km² and a total urban population of more than of 2.1 million within an area of 440 km², making it the largest and the most populous metropolitan area in Kerala. Kochi city is also part of the Greater Cochin region and is classified as a Tier-II city by the Government of India. The civic body that governs the city is the Kochi Municipal Corporation, which was constituted in the year 1967, and the statutory bodies that oversee its development are the Greater Cochin Development Authority (GCDA) and the Goshree Islands Development Authority (GIDA).

Called the Queen of the Arabian Sea, Kochi was an important spice trading centre on the west coast of India from the 14th century onward, and maintained a trade network with Arab merchants from the pre-Islamic era. Occupied by the Portuguese in 1503, Kochi was the first of the European colonies in colonial India. It remained the main seat of Portuguese India until 1530, when Goa was chosen instead. The city was later occupied by the Dutch and the British, with the Kingdom of Cochin becoming a princely state. Kochi ranks first in the total number of international and domestic tourist arrivals in Kerala. The city was ranked the sixth best tourist destination in India according to a survey conducted by the Nielsen Company on behalf of the Outlook Traveller magazine. Kochi was one of the 28 Indian cities among the emerging 440 global cities that will contribute 50% of the world GDP by the year 2025, in a 2011 study done by the McKinsey Global Institute. In July 2018, Kochi was ranked the topmost emerging future megacity in India by global professional services firm JLL.

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GCDA headquarters at Kadavanthra, Kochi

Greater Cochin Development Authority (GCDA) is the statutory body overseeing the development of the City of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. Technically, GCDA oversees the development of the major part of Greater Cochin area which consists of the Cochin Corporation, nine surrounding municipalities (Thrippunithura, Thrikkakara, Aluva, Kalamassery, Maradu, Eloor, North Paravur, Angamaly, and Perumbavoor) and 25 intervening panchayats (Chellanam, Kumbalanghy,Cheranelloor, Varappuzha, Chennamangalam, Kadamakkudy, Kadungalloor, Alengad, Chengamanad, Nedumbassery, Chottanikkara, Choornikkara, Edathala, Kumbalam, Kottuvally and others) covering an area of 632 km2. This has a population of 2,589,038 (2001 census).

GCDA is one of the two development authorities in Kochi, the other being GIDA which oversees development in the islands towards west of the Kochi mainland, and north of the harbour, covering a total area of 100 km2. The Marine Drive is one of the most significant projects that GCDA has ever undertaken. The largest stadium in Kerala with a seating capacity of 75000, have been constructed by GCDA.

Selected location

Princess street - Fort Cochin
Chinese fish nets in Kochi

Fort Kochi is a region in the city of Kochi in the state of Kerala, India. This is part of a handful of water-bound regions toward the south-west of the mainland Kochi, and collectively known as Old Kochi or West Kochi. Adjacent to this is Mattancherry.

In the BC period, the region that is today known as Kerala was covered by mangrove woods. Turf and sand banks were created with the rise in sea-level which formed the shape of the coastal area as we see it today. The name Cochin implies "co-chin", meaning "like-China". It looked like China when the Chinese came to the region during the 14th century and installed Chinese nets. Mattancherry is the nerve town of old historic Cochin. In old Malayalam it is maadan-cherry, cherry meaning town. Maad or cow was the stamp of Old Royal Fort of Rajah of Cochin, who built his palace after the fall of Kodungallur or Mussaris port due to a gigantic tsunami in 1341 AD. The Perumpadappu Swaroopam or the Forte of Rajah had its palace on the banks of the Calvathy River. Due to frequent wars between King Zamorin of Kozhikode and the western colonial forces, the Rajah left the place for Tripunithura. The king had his vaishnav leanings and cow or maadu was their symbol.

In 1967, these three municipalities, along with a few adjoining areas, were amalgamated to form the Corporation of Cochin.

In the news

Read and edit Wikinews
  • 18 September: Kochi gears up for Biennale 2016 The Hindu
  • 19 September: Marginal increase in cargo traffic at Kochi port The Hindu
  • 19 September: Kerala Travel Mart to be held in Kochi from Sept 28 to 30 New Indian Express
  • 16 September: Games moved to Kochi on Cauvery effect Business Line
  • 19 September: Online flesh trade burgeoning in city The Hindu

Wikinews Kochi portal

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Did you know?

Dutch Palace

  • ...that Kochi is considered to be the hub of the Malayalam movie industry, especially new generation Malayalam movies.
  • ...that Vembanad Rail Bridge connecting Edappally and Vallarpadam in Kochi is the longest railway bridge in India.
  • ...that Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium located in Kochi, is fourth largest cricket stadium in the world and India's third largest stadium by capacity.
  • ...that Kochi International Marina is the first and only marina facility in India.
  • ...that Cochin International Airport is the first fully solar energy powered airport in the world.


Selected biography

Dileep (Actor)

Dileep (born Gopalakrishnan Padmanabhan Pillai, on 27 October 1968) is an Indian film actor, singer, mimicry artist, producer, and entrepreneur. He has starred in over a 130 Malayalam films.

Dileep started his film career as an assistant director to Kamal in 1991. He became popular for his mimicry stage shows and the Comicola television comedy series on Asianet. His role as Dileep in Manathe Kottaram (1994) paved way to his acting career. Films such as Sallapam (1996), Ee Puzhayum Kadannu (1997), Punjabi House (1998), Udayapuram Sulthan (1999), and Chandranudikkunna Dikhil (1999) established his status as a prominent actor during the late-1990s.

Kathavasheshan (2004) won Dileep the Kerala State Film Award for Second Best Film as a producer. In 2008, under the banner of Graand Production, Dileep produced Twenty:20 by casting most of the mainstream actors of Malayalam cinema.

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