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The Kolkata Portal

The Hooghly River with Vidyasagar Setu in background.

Kolkata (Bengali: কলকাতা ; [ˈkolkat̪a]), formerly Calcutta is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.[1] It is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.[2] When referred to as "Kolkata", it usually includes the suburbs, and thus its population exceeds 15 million, making it India's second-largest city and urban agglomeration.This also makes it the world's 14th largest metropolitan area.[3]

Calcutta served as the capital of India during the British Raj until 1911. Once the centre of modern education, industry, science, culture and politics in India, Kolkata has witnessed intense political violence, clashes and economic stagnation since 1954. Since the year 2000, economic rejuvenation has spurred in the city's growth. Like other metropolitan cities in India, Kolkata continues to struggle with the problems of urbanisation: poverty, pollution and traffic congestion.

Kolkata is noted for its revolutionary history, ranging from the Indian struggle for independence to the leftist and trade union movements.

Kolkata is also known worldwide for its many bridges that link the city to its sister city of Howrah. The Kolkata Bridges include Howrah Bridge, Vidyasagar Setu, Vivekananda Setu, Nivedita Setu, and Jubilee Bridge (India).

Selected article

Academic Building
The R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital [আর.জি.কর মেডিক্যাল কলেজ & হাসপাতাল] is one of the oldest medical college and hospital in Kolkata, West Bengal in India named after the famous physician Dr. Radha Gobinda Kar, the founder of the institute who after returning from United Kingdom on 1886 decided to establish a medical school separate from the official institutions under the British rulers. 'Calcutta School of Medicine' was established from this decision at Baithak Khana Bazar Road. On 1895, another non-official medical school named 'College of Physicians and Surgeons of Bengal' was formed at Upper Circular Road, Calcutta. On 1898, a plot of land was purchased at present site of College and Hospital at the cost of Rs 25,000 between Shyambazar and Belgachhia where a one storeyed hospital building had been constructed. On 20th December, 1916 Calcutta School of Medicine and College of Physicians and Surgeons of Bengal were merged into a single entity and renamed Belgachia Medical College which was inaugurated by the then Governor of Bengal, Lord Carmichael. On 12th May, 1948, the College was named after Dr. Radha Gobinda Kar, as R. G. Kar Medical College and Hospital. On 1958 the hospital was taken over by the then Government of West Bengal and from then, it is serving as one of the apex level tertiary care public hospital as well as a teaching institute for medical education in the state.


Did you know?

...that tradition has it that Warren Hastings hunted with elephants in the jungle in Chowringhee, now a business district in Kolkata, India?
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