Portal:Kosovo

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The Kosovo Portal

Flag of Kosovo.svg
Europe-Republic of Kosovo.svg

Kosovo is a country[1][2] in southeastern Europe. In antiquity, the Dardanian kingdom, and later Roman province of Dardania was located in the country. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, during which time many important monasteries, some of which are now UNESCO World Heritage sites, were built. The Battle of Kosovo, in 1389, is regarded by Serbs as a defining moment in their history and identity. It was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century and would remain under Ottoman rule for the next five centuries. Kosovo was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbia after the First Balkan War, and with the constitution of Yugoslavia, the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija was created (Serbian: Аутономна Покрајина Косово и Метохија, Autonomna Pokrajina Kosovo i Metohija) within the Yugoslav republic of Serbia. Long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb populations have left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1999. The Kosovo War ended with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia accepting that it would give up the exercise of its sovereignty pending a final status settlement. Under UNSCR 1244, governance passed to the United Nations in 1999. The partially recognised Republic of Kosovo, declared itself an independent state in 2008, and has control over most of the territory, although North Kosovo, the largest Serb enclave, is largely under the control of institutions of the Republic of Serbia or parallel structures subsidised by Serbia. Serbia and a number of other countries do not recognise the secession of Kosovo and consider it a UN-governed entity within its sovereign territory.

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Overview of the Pristina center from the hill.png

Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë or Prishtina; Serbian: Приштина or Priština), is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo.

It is estimated that the current population of the city stands between 550,000 and 600,000. The city has an overwhelming majority Albanian population alongside other smaller minority communities including Serbs and Romani. It is the political, cultural, and educational center of Kosovo. The city is home to the ancient Ulpiana settlement[3], the University of Pristina, and the Museum of Kosovo.

Selected biography

A photograph of Adem Jashari at his memorial in Prekaz

Adem Jashari (Albanian: Adem Jashari; Serbo-Croatian: Adem Jašari, Адем Јашари (28 November 1955 – 7 March 1998)) was one of the founders of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), a Kosovo Albanian separatist organization which fought for the secession of Kosovo from the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia during the 1990s.


Beginning in 1991, Jashari participated in attacks against the Serbian police before travelling to Albania to receive military training. Arrested in 1993, he was released at the behest of the Albanian Army and later returned to Kosovo, where he continued launching attacks against the Yugoslav establishment. In July 1997, he was convicted of terrorism in absentia by a Yugoslav court. After several unsuccessful attempts to capture or kill him, Serbian police launched an attack against Jashari's home in Prekaz in March 1998. The battle that followed resulted in the deaths of 58 members of Jashari's family, including that of Jashari, his wife, brother and son.

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Monument of Brotherhood and Unity in Pristina.jpg
Yugoslav World War II Monument of Brotherhood and Unity in Pristina.

In the news

  • Kosovo's Constitution goes into force - The Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo goes into force on June 15.
  • The Republic of Kosovo is recognised by 63 countries - As of November 9, 63 sovereign UN nations recognize the Republic as independent from Serbia. The most recent country to recognize Kosovo is New Zealand.
  • Breach of international law - On 15 August 2008, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić officially filed a request at the United Nations seeking the opinion of the International Court of Justice on whether the declaration of independence was in breach of international law. The United Nations General Assembly adopted this proposal on October 8, 2008 with 77 votes in favor, 6 votes against and 74 abstentions.
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  2. Fix a Kosovo-related stubs.
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  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2008/02/18/world/europe/18kosovo.html
  2. ^ Full text: Kosovo declaration
  3. ^ http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cultureheritage/regional/see/IRPPSAAH/PTA/PTA_KosovoUNMIK_Ulpiana_APP.pdf