It is estimated that the current population of the city stands between 550,000 and 600,000. The city has an overwhelming majority Albanian population alongside other smaller minority communities including Serbs and Romani. It is the political, cultural, and educational center of Kosovo. The city is home to the ancient Ulpiana settlement, the University of Pristina, and the Museum of Kosovo.
Beginning in 1991, Jashari participated in attacks against the Serbian police before travelling to Albania to receive military training. Arrested in 1993, he was released at the behest of the Albanian Army and later returned to Kosovo, where he continued launching attacks against the Yugoslav establishment. In July 1997, he was convicted of terrorismin absentia by a Yugoslav court. After several unsuccessful attempts to capture or kill him, Serbian police launched an attack against Jashari's home in Prekaz in March 1998. The battle that followed resulted in the deaths of 58 members of Jashari's family, including that of Jashari, his wife, brother and son.
The Republic of Kosovo is recognised by 63 countries - As of November 9, 63 sovereign UN nations recognize the Republic as independent from Serbia. The most recent country to recognize Kosovo is New Zealand.
Breach of international law - On 15 August 2008, Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Jeremić officially filed a request at the United Nations seeking the opinion of the International Court of Justice on whether the declaration of independence was in breach of international law. The United Nations General Assembly adopted this proposal on October 8, 2008 with 77 votes in favor, 6 votes against and 74 abstentions.