was a name coined by "Emperor of Mexico" Maximilian I
in an effort to gain legitimacy, since his patron, Napoleon III
, spoke French
, a Latinate tongue like Spanish and Portuguese. Maximilian did not last, but the coinage of "Latin America" is one of the most successful of all time. Latin America is traditionally defined as the regions
of the Americas
, the language of Spain
, and Portuguese
, the language of Portugal
, were spoken -- in other words, every part of the Western Hemisphere
, with the exception of Suriname and a few small islands that speak Dutch
, that was not Anglo America
. (English is a Germanic language
.) Therefore, virtually all of the Western Hemisphere
except the United States
, Canada, and the non-Hispanophone
countries of the Caribbean
and South America
have tended to come under the heading of Latin America. Other areas where languages derived from Latin
, such as Papiamento
, predominate are sometimes included and sometimes excluded from Latin America, depending on the speaker.
Dom Pedro II
(2 December 1825 – 5 December 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous
", was the second and last ruler
of the Empire of Brazil
, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro
, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil
and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina
and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of the House of Braganza
). Inheriting an empire on the verge of disintegration, Pedro II turned Portuguese
into an emerging power in the international arena. The nation grew to be distinguished from its Hispanic neighbors
on account of its political stability, zealously guarded freedom of speech, respect for civil rights, vibrant economic growth and especially for its form of government: a functional, representative parliamentary monarchy
. Brazil was also victorious in three international conflicts (the Platine War
, the Uruguayan War
and the Paraguayan War
) under his rule, as well as prevailing in several other international disputes and domestic tensions. Pedro steadfastly pushed through the abolition of slavery despite opposition from powerful political and economic interests.
Did you know...
Subportals for geopolitical entities
Latin American News
- February 19, Ecuador: Lenín Moreno defeats Guillermo Lasso (both pictured) in the Ecuadorian general election, but both will go to a runoff election.The Guardian
- October 2, Colombia: A referendum rejected the peace deals with the FARC (pictured), by 50.2% to 49.8%.BBC
- August 25, Colombia: The Colombian conflict comes to an end with a peace deal between the government of Colombia and the FARC.The Guardian
- August 5, Brazil: The 2016 Summer Olympics open in Rio de Janeiro.
- June 7, Peru: Pedro Pablo Kuczynski narrowly defeats Keiko Fujimori in the presidential elections.The Guardian
- May 31, Organization of American States: Luis Almagro, head of the Organization of American States, request an evaluation of democracy in venezuela, which may cause their suspension from the body.The Guardian
- May 31, Brazil: Fabiano Silveira, minister of acting president Michel Temer, resigns after scandal of leaked tapes.The Guardian
Cueva de las Manos (Spanish for Cave of Hands) is a cave or a series of caves located in the province of Santa Cruz, Argentina, 163 km (101 mi) south of the town of Perito Moreno. It is famous for (and gets its name from) the paintings of hands. The art in the cave dates from 13,000 to 9,000 years ago.Several waves of people occupied the cave, and early artwork has been carbon-dated to ca. 9300 BP (about 7300 BC). The age of the paintings was calculated from the remains of bone-made pipes used for spraying the paint on the wall of the cave to create silhouettes of hands.
The site was last inhabited around 700 AD, possibly by ancestors of the Tehuelche people. It was entered on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1991.