Portal:Linguistics

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Linguistics Portal

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Linguistics is the scientific study of language, and is largely divided into two major fields: theoretical linguistics and applied linguistics. Someone who engages in this study is called a linguist.

Theoretical (or general) linguistics encompasses seven major sub-fields: phonetics (the study of the isolated sounds of speech), phonology (the study of speech sound systems and their mental representations), morphology (the study of the grammatical rules for word formation), syntax (the study of word order), lexis (the study of words), semantics (the study of meaning) and pragmatics (the study of meaning in context) which, together, allow for a description of the way a language works to convey meaning from one speaker to another. Applied linguistics encompasses diverse fields such as language education, second language acquisition, effect of society on language, or language's relationship to psychology, and so on.

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Did you know...

...that in Tamil all nouns divide into 'rational' and 'non-rational' noun classes?

...that pluractionality marks verbs to indicate that the action or participants are plural?

...that Maltese is the only Semitic language written in the Latin alphabet in its standard form?

...that Buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo buffalo buffalo Buffalo buffalo is a grammatically correct sentence in American English?

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    Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database

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