Portal:Liquor

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Introduction

An old whiskey still

Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, spirit, or distilled drink) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As liquors contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones.

As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, wine, mead, sake, or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy is a fortified wine produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, baijiu, gin, rum, tequila, mezcal, and whisky. (Also see list of alcoholic drinks, and liquors by national origin.)

Selected article

Lemon Drop cocktails
The Lemon Drop is a vodka-based cocktail that has a lemony, sweet and sour flavor, whereby the sweet and sour ingredients serve to contrast and balance one-another. It has been described as a variant of, or as "a take on", the vodka Martini. It is prepared with the addition of lemon juice, triple sec and simple syrup. Plain or citrus-flavored vodka may be used in its preparation, such as citron vodka, and lemon-flavored vodka is also sometimes used. It is typically prepared and served straight up, meaning that it is shaken or stirred with ice, strained, and served in a stemmed glass, such as a Martini glass.

The drink was invented sometime in the 1970s by Norman Jay Hobday, the founder and proprietor of Henry Africa's bar in San Francisco, California. After its invention, the drink swiftly spread to many San Francisco saloons. Some variations of the drink exist, such as blueberry and raspberry Lemon Drops. It is served at some bars and restaurants in the United States, and in such establishments in other areas of the world.


Selected biography

Smirnoff vodka in a shot glass
Pyotr Smirnov founded his vodka distillery in Moscow in 1864 under the trading name of PA Smirnoff, pioneering charcoal filtration in the 1870s, and becoming the first to utilize newspaper ads along with charitable contributions to the clergy to stifle anti-vodka sermons, capturing two-thirds of the Moscow market by 1886. His brand was reportedly a Tsar favorite. When Pyotr died, he was succeeded by his third son Vladimir Smirnov. The company flourished and produced more than 4 million cases of vodka per year.


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