The Liquor Portal
Liquor (also hard liquor, hard alcohol, distilled alcohol, or spirit) is an alcoholic drink produced by distillation of grains, fruit, or vegetables that have already gone through alcoholic fermentation. The distillation process purifies the liquid and removes diluting components like water, for the purpose of increasing its proportion of alcohol content (commonly expressed as alcohol by volume, ABV). As liquors contain significantly more alcohol, they are considered "harder" – in North America, the term hard liquor is used to distinguish distilled alcoholic drinks from non-distilled ones, whereas the term spirits is used in the UK.
As examples, this term does not include beverages such as beer, wine, mead, sake, huangjiu or cider, as they are fermented but not distilled. These all have a relatively low alcohol content, typically less than 15%. Brandy is a liquor produced by the distillation of wine, and has an ABV of over 35%. Other examples of liquors include vodka, baijiu, shōchū, soju, gin, rum, tequila, mezcal, and whisky. (Also see list of alcoholic drinks, and liquors by national origin.)
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Scotch whisky (Scottish Gaelic: uisge-beatha na h-Alba; often simply called whisky or Scotch) is malt whisky or grain whisky (or a blend of the two), made in Scotland. Scotch whisky must be made in a manner specified by law. As of 2018, there were 133 Scotch whisky distilleries operating in Scotland.
All Scotch whisky was originally made from malted barley. Commercial distilleries began introducing whisky made from wheat and rye in the late 18th century. Scotch whisky is divided into five distinct categories: single malt Scotch whisky, single grain Scotch whisky, blended malt Scotch whisky (formerly called "vatted malt" or "pure malt"), blended grain Scotch whisky, and blended Scotch whisky.
All Scotch whisky must be aged in oak barrels for at least three years. Any age statement on a bottle of Scotch whisky, expressed in numerical form, must reflect the age of the youngest whisky used to produce that product. A whisky with an age statement is known as guaranteed-age whisky. A whisky without an age statement is known as a no age statement (NAS) whisky, the only guarantee being that all whisky contained in that bottle is at least three years old. The minimum bottling strength according to the regulation is 40% alcohol by volume. Read more...
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Six Classic Malts of Scotland box
The Classic Malts of Scotland
is a selection of six single malt whiskies
, launched and marketed together in 1988 by United Distillers and Vintners
which is now owned by Diageo
. They are often displayed together in bars and liquor stores. Diageo has since marketed other single malt labels and expressions with the Classic Malts labeling. The six original malts are:
UDV's regions differ from the more conventional categorisations of Highland
(and subregion Island
, and Islay
. The region of West Highland was created to separate between Oban and Dalwhinnie. Talisker is the only distillery on the Isle of Skye, which has never been a whisky region unto itself, but would be in the Island subregion; though this categorisation enabled UDV to include both Talisker and Lagavulin, strongly flavoured malts with strong followings. Campbeltown, a formerly prominent whisky-making region, is not featured in the range. Read more...
is a malt whisky
distillery in Aberlour
producing an eponymous whisky. It was founded in 1826, and is still active. The distillery employed a unique partial triple distillation process until 2007. Read more...
The Tullamore Distillery
is an Irish whiskey
distillery located in Tullamore
, County Offaly
, Ireland. Built by William Grant & Sons
at a cost of €35 million, the distillery officially opened in September 2014. It is the first new distillery to have been constructed on a greenfield site in Ireland in over 100 years, and the first to operate in Tullamore since 1954.
Construction of the distillery is proceeding on a phased basis. When first constructed, the distillery initially had the capacity to produce up to 1.8 million litres of pot still
and malt whiskey
per annum using four pot stills
. However, provision has been made for the installation of a further two pot stills
in the distillery, which would double this capacity to 3.6 million litres per annum. Following an additional €25 million investment, a grain distillery and bottling plant were added in 2017. The installation of a grain distillery means that the distillery can now produce all three components (pot still, malt, and grain whiskey) of its Tullamore Dew blended whiskey on-site. Read more...
() is a brand of Scotch whisky
, originally manufactured by John Haig & Co Ltd. The brand and its original distillery are now part of Diageo
, the world's largest spirits
company and a major producer of beer.
Haig offers four whiskies:
- Haig Club, described as "light and sweet", in a rectangular blue bottle. It was launched in 2014 as a single grain whisky with no age statement, in association with David Beckham and Simon Fuller. The spirits for Haig Club are sourced from the Cameronbridge distillery.
- Haig Gold Label, in a low-shouldered round bottle;
- Haig Dimple, a more expensive blend with "a heavier malt influence of whiskies from Glenkinchie and Linkwood", labeled as 15 years old, in the dimpled, three-sided bottle;
- Haig and Haig Dimple Pinch, the U.S. version of Haig Dimple.
Port Dundas Grain Distillery.
The area is the site of a former large Scotch Grain distillery, which produced 39 million litres of spirit each year on a 21-acre (85,000 m2
) site until being closed in 2010. Originally there were two distilleries in the locality, the first was established in 1811 by Daniel McFarlane. Two years later the second one was established by Brown, Gourlie & Co. During 1845 Coffey Stills
for the manufacture of Grain whisky
were installed in both distilleries.
Both distilleries merged in the 1860s and later became part of the Distillers Company
in 1877. They were destroyed by fire in 1903 but were rebuilt and reopened in 1913, and rebuilt again in 1916 after being severely damaged by another fire. The distillery was closed for the duration of World War II
. A large modernisation programme was undertaken during the 1970s, when a new grain intake, spirit store, still house, boiler house and dark grains plant were opened. Read more...
The White Horse Distillery
was an Irish whiskey
distillery that operated in Mountrath
, County Laois
, Ireland. The distillery was named after a local river, the White Horse. The river itself is said to be so named due to the colour of the water that ran in the river as a result of the operations of a distillery in the centre of the town.
Now long gone, according to local folklore, the distillery or the brand were sold to Scottish distillers in the 1800s. If true, this would mark an interesting change of fortunes in the distilling industries of the two countries, as similarly a named, more enduring White Horse
whiskey brand was established in Scotland in 1861. Read more...
is a distiller of Scotch whisky
Founded in 1895 as "Dufftown-Glenlivet Distillery", the distillery is currently owned by Diageo
. The distillery operates six stills and has a capacity of 4,000,000 litres (880,000 imperial gallons; 1,100,000 US gallons) per year. It has three wash stills with a capacity of 13,100 litres (2,900 imperial gallons; 3,500 US gallons) and three spirit stills with a capacity of 15,300 litres (3,400 imperial gallons; 4,000 US gallons). Read more...
Namibia Breweries Limited
(NBL) is a Namibian
brewery founded in 1920 when Carl List and Hermann Ohlthaver acquired four small breweries with financial difficulties. The breweries were merged under the name South West Breweries Limited (SWB). SWB changed its name to Namibia Breweries Limited when Namibia gained independence on March 21, 1990. Ohlthaver & List
Group of Companies are still the majority shareholder. Read more...
A classic 2:1 Manhattan, made with Canadian whisky, sweet vermouth, bitters and a cherry
is a cocktail
made with whiskey
, sweet vermouth
, and bitters
. While rye
is the traditional whiskey of choice, other commonly used whiskies include Canadian whisky
, blended whiskey
, and Tennessee whiskey
. The cocktail is usually stirred then strained into a cocktail glass
and garnished with a dark Maraschino cherry
. A Manhattan may also be served on the rocks
in a lowball glass
The whiskey-based Manhattan is one of five cocktails named for
a New York City borough
. It is closely related to the Brooklyn cocktail
, which uses dry vermouth and Maraschino
liqueur in place of the Manhattan's sweet vermouth, and Amer Picon
in place of the Manhattan's angostura bitters
. Read more...
Single malt whisky
A glass of Bowmore
12-year-old single malt whisky
is malt whisky
from a single distillery. Single malts are typically associated with single malt Scotch
, though they are also produced in various other countries. Under the United Kingdom's Scotch Whisky Regulations
, a "Single Malt Scotch Whisky" must be made exclusively from malted barley (although the addition of E150A caramel colouring
is allowed), must be distilled using pot stills
at a single distillery, and must be aged for at least three years in oak casks of a capacity not exceeding 700 litres (150 imperial gallons; 180 US gallons). While the Scotch model is usually copied internationally, these constraints may not apply to whisky marketed as "single malt" that is produced elsewhere. For example, there is no definition of the term "single" with relation to whisky in the law of the United States, and some American whiskey
advertised as "single malt whisky" is produced from malted rye
rather than malted barley. Read more...
Bottle of 21% ABV Picon Bière
is a caramel-coloured, flavoured bitters
drunk as an apéritif
, which traditionally accompanies beer in the east and north of France.
It is made from a base of fresh oranges which are dried and mixed with a solution of alcohol which is distilled. Picon also contains gentian
in equal measures. Sugar, syrup and caramel are added last. Read more...
) is an Islay single malt Scotch whisky distillery
. It is named after the area of land at the head of Loch Laphroaig
on the south coast of the island of Islay
. The meaning of the toponym
is unknown, but a commonly suggested etymology includes the elements "lag" (Gaelic: hollow), "breid" (Norse: 'breidd' breadth) and "vik" (Norse: 'vík' bay), implying an original Gaelic form something like "Lag Bhròdhaig" (the hollow of Broadbay). The name may be related to a placename on the east coast of Islay, "Pròaig", again suggested as meaning "broad bay". The distillery and brand are owned and operated by Beam Suntory
, the American subsidiary of Japan's Suntory Holdings
. Read more...
The timeline of the Littlemill Distillery
Littlemill distillery was a Scottish malt whisky
distillery in Bowling, West Dunbartonshire
and is proven to be Scotland's first and oldest licensed whisky distillery. Situated on the border of Lowlands and Highlands, its products were generally classified as lowlands whisky. Auchentorlie Estate, along with a brewery call Littlemill, was purchased in 1750 by Archibal Buchanan from his brother Andrew Buchanan.
It is unclear exactly when distilling started on this site however the gable end on one of the warehouses has a date stone carved with 1772. That same year accommodation was also built next door to the distillery to house the Excise officers who represented the law - and ensured any distillation was duly recorded and relevant taxes calculated. Read more...
(or straight whisky
), as defined in United States law, is whiskey
that is distilled from a fermented
or unmalted) cereal grain mash
to a concentration not exceeding 80% alcohol by volume
(abv) and aged in new charred oak barrels
for at least two years at a concentration not exceeding 62.5% at the start of the aging process.
The only allowed modifications to straight whiskey prior to its bottling consist of batching whiskey from different barrels (and sometimes from different distilleries, although only from within the same state), chill filtering
the whiskey, and adding water to reduce proof while retaining at least a 40% abv concentration. This definition is established for production of American whiskey for consumption within the United States as per the U.S federal Standards of Identity for Distilled Spirits
. (The regulations do not necessarily apply to American whiskey made for export.) Read more...
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The Sip 'n Dip Lounge is a tiki bar in Great Falls, Montana opened in 1962, when Polynesian themes were popular, and it has survived to the present day with its tiki theme intact. Located inside a local motel that was considered modern and trendy at the time it was built, the Sip 'n Dip is known for having men or women dressed as mermaids swimming underwater in an indoor swimming pool visible through a window in the bar. Decorated with a bamboo ceiling and a South Seas theme, the bar also features "Piano Pat" Spoonheim, who has played piano there since 1963 and is noted for her unique "jazzy" style.
The mermaid concept was introduced in 1995, when there was a revival of the tiki fad, and it was the brainchild of the bar's current owner, who wanted to add a "fun factor". It became popular, particularly for Montana, a landlocked northern state where a tropical tiki theme is unexpected. Beginning in 2003, the bar began to gain prominence outside of Montana, when the magazine GQ
listed the lounge in its list of the top 10 bars in the world, ranking it as the "#1 bar...worth flying for". The bar employs six women, who wear mermaid outfits designed and hand-made by the bar's manager, Sandra Johnson-Thares. Mermen were brought back in 2016, having previously appeared on occasion until 2004. Prominent mermen at the lounge include Taylor Watson, who has been a prominent figure in the "Mermen too" movement. Read more...
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