Portal:Lithuania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Introduction

Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.
Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania.

Lithuania (/ˌlɪθjuˈniə/ (About this sound listen); Lithuanian: Lietuva [lʲɪɛtʊˈvɐ]), officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of northern-eastern Europe. Since its independence, Lithuania has been referred to as one of the Baltic states. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2.8 million people , and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipėda. Lithuanians are a Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.

For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea were inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighbouring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.

Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, eurozone, Schengen Agreement, NATO and OECD. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "very high human development" country.

Refresh with new selections below (purge)

Regions of Lithuania

Selected counties

Selected World Heritage Sites

Selected politics articles

Selected culture articles

Selected universities

Selected featured articles

Selected images

Selected municipalities

Selected history articles

Selected biographies

Selected economy or infrastructure articles

Categories

Need help?

Do you have a question about Lithuania that you can't find the answer to?

Consider asking it at the Wikipedia reference desk.

Selected good articles

Get involved

For editor resources and to collaborate with other editors on improving Wikipedia's Lithuania-related articles, see WikiProject Lithuania.

Topics

Recognized content

Featured articles

Featured lists

Good articles

Featured pictures

Related portals

Parent portals

Europe European Union
Wikiproject Europe (small).svg Flag of Europe.svg

Bordering neighbor countries

Belarus Latvia Poland Russia
Coat of arms of Belarus.svg Portal:Latvia Portal:Poland Portal:Russia

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Purge server cache